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Domes. Pantheon, Rome 125 BCE. Figure 10-49 Pantheon, Rome, Italy, 118 – 125 CE. Pantheon built by Hadrian , emperor who was a lover of art and Greece. Temple of all Gods. Facade was traditional, interior was revolutionary.

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figure 10 49 pantheon rome italy 118 125 ce
Figure 10-49 Pantheon, Rome, Italy, 118 – 125 CE.

Pantheon built by Hadrian , emperor who was a lover of art and Greece.

Temple of all Gods.

Facade was traditional,

interior was revolutionary.

figure 10 50 restored cutaway view and lateral section of the pantheon rome italy 118 125 ce
Figure 10-50 Restored cutaway view and lateral section of the Pantheon, Rome, Italy, 118–125 CE.
  • Design is the intersection of two circles.
figure 10 51 interior of the pantheon rome italy 118 125 ce
Figure 10-51 Interior of the Pantheon, Rome, Italy, 118–125 CE

Coffers-sunken decorative panels helped support dome.

Oculus-circular opening on the dome which symbolized the heavens.

dome of rock jerusalem 692
Dome of Rock , Jerusalem, 692

Built on site sacred to Christians, Jews and Muslins because…..

1. Site of Temple of Solomon

(later destroyed by Titus).

2. Adam buried here.

3. Abraham prepared to sacrifice Isaac.

4. Muhammad journeyed to heaven from this spot and returned to Mecca.

interior of dome of rock
Interior of Dome of Rock

Wooden dome

Design borrows from Roman and Byzantine structures.

Interior and exterior ornamentation is similar. Design suggests paradise.

mausoleum of the samanids bukhara uzbekistan 10 th c
Mausoleum of the Samanids, Bukhara, Uzbekistan 10th c.

Muhammad opposed elaborate burials but…….

Caliphs (Islamic rulers ) buried here.

Aesthetic features include blind arcade, engaged columns, dome on cube and structure made of baked bricks.

mosque of selim ii edirne turkey 16 th c
Mosque of Selim II Edirne, Turkey 16th c.

Sinan the great brilliant Ottoman architect

Minarets- An Islamic architectural feature-a tower that calls the faithful to worship.

great mosque isfahan iran 11 th to 17 th c
Great Mosque, Isfahan, Iran 11th to 17th c.

4 vaulted iwans with largest (and domed one) indicating proper direction to pray.

taj mahal agra india 1632 1647
Taj MahalAgra, India 1632-1647

Height =width

Dome height=facade height

Taj - the crown-like dome.

slide25
Throne of God perched above the gardens of paradise.

Built by Shah Jahan for his wife, Mumtaz.

qutb minar delhi india 1311
Qutb MinarDelhi, India 1311

238 foot minaret is the tallest in the world.

First mosque in Northern India.

slide27
Figure 6-7 Diagram and view from the south of the Great Stupa, Sanchi, India, third century BCE to first century CE
superdome new orleans la
SuperdomeNew Orleans, La

Designed in 1967 and completed in 1975.

Still the largest fixed dome structure in the world.

Built on Girod Street cemetery.

superdome during hurricane katrina
Superdome during Hurricane Katrina

“Shelter of last resort” housed over 30,000 people during the storm.