Domes. Pantheon, Rome 125 BCE. Figure 10-49 Pantheon, Rome, Italy, 118 – 125 CE. Pantheon built by Hadrian , emperor who was a lover of art and Greece. Temple of all Gods. Facade was traditional, interior was revolutionary.
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Pantheon built by Hadrian , emperor who was a lover of art and Greece.
Temple of all Gods.
Facade was traditional,
interior was revolutionary.
Coffers-sunken decorative panels helped support dome.
Oculus-circular opening on the dome which symbolized the heavens.
Built on site sacred to Christians, Jews and Muslins because…..
1. Site of Temple of Solomon
(later destroyed by Titus).
2. Adam buried here.
3. Abraham prepared to sacrifice Isaac.
4. Muhammad journeyed to heaven from this spot and returned to Mecca.
Design borrows from Roman and Byzantine structures.
Interior and exterior ornamentation is similar. Design suggests paradise.
Muhammad opposed elaborate burials but…….
Caliphs (Islamic rulers ) buried here.
Aesthetic features include blind arcade, engaged columns, dome on cube and structure made of baked bricks.
Sinan the great brilliant Ottoman architect
Minarets- An Islamic architectural feature-a tower that calls the faithful to worship.
4 vaulted iwans with largest (and domed one) indicating proper direction to pray.
Iwan from Ch. 2 Ancient Near East Art
Dome height=facade height
Taj - the crown-like dome.
Built by Shah Jahan for his wife, Mumtaz.
238 foot minaret is the tallest in the world.
First mosque in Northern India.
Designed in 1967 and completed in 1975.
Still the largest fixed dome structure in the world.
Built on Girod Street cemetery.
“Shelter of last resort” housed over 30,000 people during the storm.