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Nija McAdams Tome Gordo| Mrs. Jessica Crooks|9th. Unit 2.5 :The middle and dark ages. Vocabulary unit: 2.5. Constintanople Excommunicate Bosporus Strait Tithe Great Schism Feudal Contact Hagia Sophia Charlemagne Papal supremacy Lay investiture.

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vocabulary unit 2 5
Vocabulary unit: 2.5
  • Constintanople Excommunicate
  • Bosporus Strait Tithe
  • Great Schism Feudal Contact
  • Hagia Sophia
  • Charlemagne
  • Papal supremacy
  • Lay investiture
defintions
Defintions
  • Hagia Sophia :The most beautiful building was the church called the Hagia Sophia meaning “Holy Wisdom.”
  • Great Schism: As a result of this controversy, in 1054 the eastern and western Christian church divided into two separate branches known as the Great Schism.
  • Charlemagne: In 786, Charles Martel’s grandson became King. He became known as Charlemagne, or Charles the Great.
  • Feudal contact: A Feudal Contract (an agreement)was written between lords and vassals (lesser lord).
  • Excommunicate: Could not receive sacraments, no Christian burial, condemned to Hell for eternity.
  • Papal Supremacy: Medieval popes claimed Papal Supremacy or authority over all secular rulers including Kings and Emperors.
  • Tithe: Villages took pride in their church and Christians were required to pay a tithe, or tax of 10% of their income to the church.
notes
Notes
  • Germanic invaders pummeled the Western Roman Empire, and the Roman Emperor Constantine and his successors shifted the capital of Rome to Constantinople.
  • Constantinople was located on the Bosporus Strait.
  • The most beautiful building was the church called the Hagia Sophia meaning “Holy Wisdom.
  • The eastern and western Christian church divided into two separate branches known as the Great Schism.
questions
Questions
  • What does Lay Investiture mean?
answer
Answer
  • The Holy Roman Emperors wanted the power to decide who would become bishops within their kingdoms. This was called Lay investiture.
question
Question

How Feudalism Worked?

byzantine empire1
byzantine empire
  • By the time of the Great Schism, the Byzantine Empire was in decline. Struggles over succession to the throne, court intrigues, and constant wars weakened the empire.
  • Beginning in the 1090s, the Byzantine Empire fought the Islamic Seljuk Turks during the Crusades (wars between Christians and Muslims).
what is the bubonic plague
What is the bubonic plague?
  • The bubonic plague mainly affects rodents, but fleas can transmit the disease to people. Once people are infected, they infect others very rapidly. Plague causes fever and a painful swelling of the lymph glands called buboes, which is how it gets its name. The disease also causes spots on the skin that are red at first and then turn black.
more information about the plague
More information about the plague

Man escapes death but faces losing fingers and toes after contracting BUBONIC PLAGUE from cat bite

A symptom of the Bubonic plague, the "bubos" or lumps on the neck, underarms and/or groins.

more information about the plague1
More information about the plague
  • Black Death - Disaster Strikes
  • 25 million people died in just under five years between 1347 and 1352. Estimated population of Europe from 1000 to 1352. 1000 38 million
  • 1100 48 million
  • 1200 59 million
  • 1300 70 million
  • 1347 75 million
  • 1352 50 million
  • The outbreak has shattered communities. Families have been set against each other- the well rejecting the sick. Essential services have collapsed; law and order, with so many administrators struck down, barely exist in some areas. A sense of panic pervades Europe and everyone, it appears, is struggling only for his own survival. Properties stand empty, deserted by desperate owners; the sick die alone, for even the most doctors cannot save them: corpses are simply dumped in the street or buried in mass graves. Some depraved creatures, them selves already infected, break into houses and threaten to contaminate all within unless bribed to leave. Agriculture is at a standstill. Crops wither in the fields; cattle wander untended.
what was code chivalry
What was Code Chivalry?

Knights lived by a code of conduct, called Chivalry. This required knights to be brave, loyal and true.

  • The Ten Commandments of the Code of Chivalry
  • From Chivalry by Leon Gautier
  • 2. Thou shalt defend the Church...
  • 3. Thou shalt respect all weaknesses, and shalt constitute thyself the defender of them...
  • 4. Thou shalt love the country in the which thou was born…
  • 5. Thou shalt not recoil (give up) before thine enemy…
  • 8. Thou shalt never lie, and shall remain faithful to thy pledged word…
  • 9. Thou shalt be generous, and give largess to everyone...
  • 10. Thou shalt be everywhere and always the champion of the Right and the Good against Injustice and Evil...
effects of the crusades
Effects of the Crusades
  • The failure of the crusades weakened the power of the pope and increased the power of Kings.
  • Merchants were able to expand their trade routes into Asia.
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http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B_-Cdc3WQAs&feature=player_detailpagehttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B_-Cdc3WQAs&feature=player_detailpage

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B_-Cdc3WQAs&feature=player_detailpage#t=14s

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B_-Cdc3WQAs&feature=player_detailpage#t=14s