SSWH 1 a & b Describe the development of Mesopotamian societies; include the religious, cultural, economic, and political facets of society, with attention to Hammurabi’s law code. Describe the relationship of religion and political authority in Ancient Egypt.
Civilization’s 5 Characteristics • Advanced Cities • Specialized Workers • Complex Institutions • Record Keeping (scribe & Cuneiform) • Improved Technology p.19-20
Mesopotamia • Location: Modern day Iraq & Iran • Means: Land between 2 rivers (Tigris & Euphrates) • Religion: Center of society, Polytheistic (many gods), Ziggurat (temple) p. 30 -32
Culture: Art, Religion, Trade (women have rights) • Economy: Bartering • Politics: Priests 1st leaders, after many wars the best fighters became permanent leaders (dynasties) • Law: Hammurabi’s Code – 282 written laws, created to unify the community (govt responsible for society) p.36- 37
Egypt: Religion • Polytheistic: believed in 2,000 + gods • Ra (sun god) & Osiris (god of the dead): IMPORTANT • Afterlife: prepared for it (saved money, food, clothes, etc. • Pyramids: Tombs built for Pharaoh • Pharaoh believed they were a god
Egypt: Politics • Pharaoh: ruler of Egypt, a king • Theocracy: govt based on religious belief (Pharaoh is a god & ran the country p.44 -56
Shapely Review Draw a large triangle on your paper. On the triangle, write 3 important points you wish to remember. Be prepared to share in one minute.