Download
module viii seeds and sowing n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Module VIII: Seeds and Sowing PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Module VIII: Seeds and Sowing

Module VIII: Seeds and Sowing

123 Views Download Presentation
Download Presentation

Module VIII: Seeds and Sowing

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. After completing this lesson, you have learned to answer: • How do you select a chili pepper hybrid or variety for your locality? • What are the chili pepper hybrids or improved varieties recommended for kharif and rabi seasons? • How adoption of improved variety helps in chili pepper cultivation? Module VIII: Seeds and Sowing Lesson 2: Chili Pepper Cultivars

  2. Most of the local tall varieties of chili pepper grown in various states are of long duration (5-7 months) with poor yielding potential. Local varieties vary in their sensitivity to both temperature and photoperiod. Improved hybrids and other varieties had yielded about 80-100 percent more than the local tall Cultivars. Module VIII: Seeds and Sowing Lesson 2: Chili Pepper Cultivars

  3. Selection of chili pepper cultivars depends mainly on the following factors: • Method Of Sowing • Crop Rotation • Pest and Disease • Irrigation Facilities • Climatic Conditions • ·  Module VIII: Seeds and Sowing Lesson 2: Chili Pepper Cultivars

  4. Natural selection and domestication over thousands of years have resulted in the development of numerous varieties highly local in their adaptation. Most of the improved varieties prior to 1960 are the result of selections among the principle local Cultivars. Changes in yield levels with these improved verities were not substantial. Module VIII: Seeds and Sowing Lesson 2: Chili Pepper Cultivars

  5. Research efforts, which began with the development of commercial chili pepper hybrids during 1962, now lay equal emphasis on hybrid as well as on true-breeding varieties. This is necessary to bring about an eventual transformation. A choice of hybrids as well as of improved varieties is now available for the different pepper-growing states and situations. Module VIII: Seeds and Sowing Lesson 2: Chili Pepper Cultivars

  6. Cultivars recommended for kharif and specially to manage drought. Module VIII: Seeds and Sowing Lesson 2: Chili Pepper Cultivars

  7. Cultivars recommended: Module VIII: Seeds and Sowing Lesson 2: Chili Pepper Cultivars

  8. Cultivars recommended: Module VIII: Seeds and Sowing Lesson 2: Chili Pepper Cultivars

  9. Cultivars recommended: Module VIII: Seeds and Sowing Lesson 2: Chili Pepper Cultivars

  10. Cultivars recommended: Module VIII: Seeds and Sowing Lesson 2: Chili Pepper Cultivars

  11. Popular chili pepper Cultivars Bolivian rainbow C.Annuum Stunding ornamental pepper plant produces heavy yields of 1 1/2" long by1/2" wide  tear drops shaped hot fruits, multycolor change to fife different colors from purple to yellow  to cream to orange & finaly red. Origin:Bolivia Item Module VIII: Seeds and Sowing Lesson 2: Chili Pepper Cultivars

  12. Popular chili pepper Cultivars ACI SIVRI C.Annuum ACI SIVRI - medium; Cayenne Type; 6 to 8 inches long by 0.5 to 0.75 inches wide; medium thin flesh; matures from pale green to red; pendant pods; green leaves; 18 to 24 inches tall; Mid Season; Uses: Drying, Pickling; from Turkey; pods are often curled and twisted. Module VIII: Seeds and Sowing Lesson 2: Chili Pepper Cultivars

  13. Popular chili pepper Cultivars AFRICAN PEQUIN Hot; Pequin/Piquin Type; 0.5 to 0.75 inches long by 0.375 to 0.5 inches wide; thin flesh; matures from green to red; pendant pods; dark green leaves; 24 to 30 inches tall; Very Late Season; Uses: Drying, Prolific; from Africa; C. annuum. Module VIII: Seeds and Sowing Lesson 2: Chili Pepper Cultivars

  14. Popular chili pepper Cultivars Tabasco pepper C. frutescens cultivars, the tabasco plant has a typical bushy growth, which commercial cultivation makes stronger by trimming the plants. The tapered fruits, around 4 cm long, are initially pale yellowish-green and turn yellow and orange before ripening to bright red Module VIII: Seeds and Sowing Lesson 2: Chili Pepper Cultivars

  15. Popular chili pepper Cultivars Naga Jolokiapepper C. chinense Jolokiais a naturally-occurring interspecific hybrid from the Assam region of northeastern India. It grows in the Indian states of Assam, Nagaland and Manipur, and the Sylhet region of Bangladesh. It can also be found in rural Sri Lanka where it is known as NaiMirris (Cobra Chilli). Module VIII: Seeds and Sowing Lesson 2: Chili Pepper Cultivars

  16. Popular chili pepper Cultivars Lemon drop C. baccatumLemon drop is a hot, citrus-flavored pepper is a popular seasoning pepper in Peru where it is known as KelluUchu. It is also known in the anglophone world as 'Hot lemon' or 'Lemon Drop'. The bright yellow, crinkled, cone-shaped fruits . Module VIII: Seeds and Sowing Lesson 2: Chili Pepper Cultivars

  17. Popular chili pepper Cultivars Rocoto pepper C. pubescens is a species of flowering plant in the nightshade family, solanaceae, that is common in Peru, Bolivia, Northern Chile, Northern Argentina, and Ecuador. Its fruit is a medium-sized round chili pepper known as a rocoto Module VIII: Seeds and Sowing Lesson 2: Chili Pepper Cultivars