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The Settlement of New England. Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY. New England Colonies, 1650. Plymouth (1620). “Pilgrims” – Separatists Mayflower Compact (Self-government) Thanksgiving Story – Wampanoag Indians with Squanto . Massachusetts Bay (1630) . Puritans

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slide1

The Settlement

of New England

Ms. Susan M. PojerHorace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY

plymouth 1620
Plymouth (1620)
  • “Pilgrims” – Separatists
  • Mayflower Compact (Self-government)
  • Thanksgiving Story – Wampanoag Indians with Squanto
massachusetts bay 1630
Massachusetts Bay (1630)
  • Puritans
  • John Winthrop
    • “A city upon a hill” (Reagan & Obama)
  • Puritans (Purify the English Church)
slide5

Puritan “Rebels”

Roger Williams

Anne Hutchinson

rhode island 1636
Rhode Island (1636)
  • Roger Williams
  • Anne Hutchinson
connecticut 1635
Connecticut (1635)
  • Fundamental Orders
  • (Self Government)
new amsterdam 1625 new york 1664
New Amsterdam (1625) = New York (1664)
  • Founded by Dutch, but English took over and named it New York.
  • Ethnic & Religious diversity
  • (Wall St.)
pennsylvania 1681
Pennsylvania (1681)
  • William Penn (Pennsylvania = “Penn’s Woods”)
    • Learned Indian language & lived peacefully
    • “such trust that Quaker farmers sometimes left their children in the care of Indians when they were away from home.” p90
  • Quakers
    • No formal sacraments & ministry
    • Pacifists
    • Religious tolerance
    • Spiritual equality b/w men & women
slide11

Southern Colonies

Maryland

Virginia

North Carolina

South Carolina

Georgia

the carolinas
The Carolinas
  • As a reward for helping him gain the throne, Charles II granted a huge tract of land between VA and Spanish Florida to 8 nobles in 1663
  • It was broken into 2 royal colonies in 1729
carolinas
Carolinas
  • Charles Town
  • Trade with Creeks, Chickasaws & Cherokees (deer skins & captured enemies as slaves)
georgia 1732
Georgia (1732)
  • General Oglethorpe
  • Refuge for poor (penal colony) & religious freedom
  • Military buffer against Spanish in Florida
  • Savannah = cosmopolitan city
georgia the last colony
Georgia – The Last Colony
  • A proprietary colony and the only colony to receive direct financial support from the home government in London
  • Set up for 2 reasons
    • Defensive buffer
    • Rid England’s overcrowded jails of debtors
  • Special Regulations
    • Absolute ban on drinking rum
    • Prohibition of slavery
  • Colony did not thrive because of the constant threat of Spanish attack
  • Taken over by the British government in 1752 when Oglethorpe and his group gave up
    • Bans on slavery and rum dropped
    • Colony grew slowly by adopting the plantation system of South Carolina
slide17

CHART: Southern COLONIES

Colony/DatePerson ResponsibleWhy FoundedGoverned/Owner