The Restoration Colonies Ms. Susan M. PojerHorace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY
Settling the Middle [or “Restoration”] Colonies GOALS profit and individual betterment.
New Netherlands &New Sweden • Founded in the 1660s by: • Friends of British King Charles II. • Land speculators. • Middle class farmers & craftsmen.
More Like Later America Than Other Regions! • Economic diversity. • Large cities more cosmopolitan culture. • Some slavery [6%-12% of the population]. • Ethnic and religious diversity. • Religious toleration. • “Bread Colonies.”
New York Manors & Land Grants Patroonships
Peter Stuyvesant Governor of New Amsterdam
William Penn The “Holy Experiment”
Settling the Lower South • 1660s – 1730s • The Carolinas & Georgia. • Planters & yeomen farmers from VA or the Sugar Islands. • Debtors & other petty criminals.
Port of Charles Town, SC The only southern port city.
Crops of the Carolinas Rice Indigo
Founder of Georgia A “buffer zone” between Britain’s North American colonies & Spanish Florida. JamesOglethorpe
The Trustees of Georgia Painted by William Verelst, 1734
1733 Savannah Grill pattern of settlement.
1670 - 1680: A Decade of Crisis
Bacon’s Rebellion(1676 - 1677) Nathaniel Bacon GovernorWilliam Berkeley