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Memory Ch. 6th. Dr. Ashlea Smith. Assignments Related to Ch. On Memory. Show and Tell Activity (Monday 10/13/08) The Personal Timeline Exercise (Monday 10/13/08) Reading and finishing Ch. 6! Test questions/corrections. Flashbulb Memory (FB memory). Definition

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memory ch 6th

Memory Ch. 6th

Dr. Ashlea Smith

assignments related to ch on memory
Assignments Related to Ch. On Memory
  • Show and Tell Activity (Monday 10/13/08)
  • The Personal Timeline Exercise (Monday 10/13/08)
  • Reading and finishing Ch. 6!
  • Test questions/corrections
flashbulb memory fb memory
Flashbulb Memory (FB memory)
  • Definition
  • Examples: assassination of JFK, MLK, Challenger explosion, O.J. verdict, death of Princess Diana, death of JFK Jr. , the Columbine High School shootings, Shootings at Virginia Tech
  • Exercise on FB
  • Location, ongoing event, informant, emotional affect in self/others, & aftermath
memory game activity
Memory Game Activity
  • Schemas and Memory
  • List of words
  • Memorization
  • Report
a flashbulb memory refers to what
A Flashbulb Memory refers to what?
  • A. Information we receive from our senses
  • B. Where we store our memories
  • C. Information that is processed
  • D. Memory for a surprising situation, emotionally arousing, and usually of national/international significance
correct answer
Correct Answer:
  • D. Memory for a surprising situation, emotionally arousing, and usually of national/international significance
  • Give some examples of FB memories
fb memories
FB Memories
  • Location-Where did you hear the news
  • Ongoing event-What were you doing when you heard the news
  • Informant-Who told you about the event
  • Emotional Affect in Self/Others-emotional reactions in self/others
  • Aftermath-remembering what you did after you heard the news
memory is defined as an active system that consists of 3 processes they are
Memory is defined as an active system that consists of 3 processes They are:
  • A receiving info. from the senses, organizing and storing the info, while retrieving the info. from storage
  • B. the unconditioned stimulus, the conditioned stimulus, and the conditioned response
  • C. bottom up processing, selective attention, top-down processing
  • D. acquisition, extinction, and recovery
slide10

A receiving info. from the senses, organizing and storing the info, while retrieving the info. from storage

  • Correct answer A
the 1 st step in the memory process is info in a form that the memory system can use
The 1st step in the memory process is _____ info. In a form that the memory system can use?
  • A. encoding
  • B. storing
  • C. retrieving
  • D. Evaluating
slide12

A. encoding

  • Correct answer
is the retention of memory for some period of time
___ is the retention of memory for some period of time?
  • A. encoding
  • B. storage
  • C. Retrieval
  • D. evaluation
slide14

B. storage

  • Correct answer
memory
Memory
  • Active system that receives info. from the senses, organizes, and alters it as it stores it away
  • Retrieves the info from the storage
  • 3 processes of Memory: encoding, storage, & retrieval
3 processes of memory cont
3 Processes of Memory Cont.
  • Encoding-info from senses convert this info. to usable data stored in the brain
  • Storage-process of holding on to info
  • Retrieval-finding/getting info
models of memory
Models of Memory
  • Information processing model-focuses on the way new data is processed (3 processes of memory)
  • Parallel distribution processing model-info. processed according to the meaning
  • Levels of processing model-info more deeply processed (more likely to be remembered)
  • Stages of memory
stages of memory
Stages of Memory
  • Sensory memory-1st stage, controlled by our senses, ex: double take (2 types)
  • Iconic sensory memory- (visual), afterimage
  • Echoic sensory memory-(hearing) echo
  • Selective attention-process brain focuses/sorts through info to focus on one stimulus
short term memory stm
Short term Memory (STM)
  • AKA “Working memories”
  • Info from our senses--------STM
  • Held brief periods of time
  • How we lose it?
long term memory ltm
Long Term Memory (LTM)
  • Memories kept permanently
  • Unlimited capacity
  • Deeply processed by meaning/epistemology/ontology
  • Retain/Retrieve
different types of long term memories
Different types of Long-term Memories
  • Procedural memories-”procedures”/”patterns”, skills, habits
  • Implicit memories-difficult to bring into conscious awareness ex. How to tie your shoe
  • Explicit memories-insight/awareness, word meanings, ex: science concepts/math
  • LTM storage- in form of semantic networks, info connected/related stored together
  • Semantic memory-meanings of words, ex: Jeopardy, who wants to be a millionaire
retrieval of long term memories
Retrieval of Long Term Memories
  • Retrieval cues-”stimulus for remembering”, more cues the easier to remember a piece of info.
  • Encoding specificity-ability to remember info. if you can associate it with a surrounding or physical state
  • State dependent learning- memories associated with state of mind
recall v recognition
Recall v. Recognition
  • Memories retrieved with few or no external cues
  • Questions act as retrieval cues
  • Tip of the tongue (TOT)
  • Need to look at, hear info, & match it to what is stored
  • Easier to answer, just need to match info. already stored in memory
  • False positives
memory effects
Memory Effects
  • Serial position effect- easier to remember info. given at the beginning & end
  • Ex: list of words
  • Primacy effect-easier to remember 1st word
  • Recency effect-easy to remember last word
  • Flashbulb memories- Ex. In-class exercise with 9/11/01, automatic encoding, long term memories, permanent storage
how reliable are memories
How Reliable are Memories
  • “Our perception is our reality”
  • Continuously revised, edited, & altered
  • Constructive processing-when a memory is retrieved it includes the new changes
  • Hindsight bias- hindsight is 20/20
  • Ex: watching sporting event
problems with memory
Problems with Memory
  • False memory syndrome- when under hypnosis
  • Retrograde amnesia-memory prior to injury
  • Anterograde amnesia-memory for anything new
  • Electroconvulsant therapy
  • Alzheimer’s Disease-starts with anterograde amnesia and then as disease progresses retrograde amnesia.
memory and the brain
Memory and the Brain
  • Cerebellum-procedural memories
  • Prefontal and temporal lobes of the cortex-short-term memories & semantic/episodic memories (different location)
  • Hippocampus- new long term memories (w/o this you can no longer store new memories)
  • Amygdala-memory of fear of objects