Ch. 9 Memory. Mr. McElhaney PLHS. Remembering is an Active Process. Memories can be lost and revised Types of Memory Short Term Memory Long Term Memory Info that appears to be lost may still be in memory Problems with memory: Forgetting and storage issues
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Long Term Memory
Small desk and file cabinet conceptDual System in Memory
Fig. 9.2 Remembering is thought to involve at least three steps. Incoming information is first held for a second or two by sensory memory. Information selected by attention is then transferred to temporary storage in short-term memory. If new information is not rapidly encoded, or rehearsed, it is forgotten. If it is transferred to long-term memory, it becomes relatively permanent, although retrieving it may be a problem. The preceding is a useful model of memory; it may not be literally true of what happens in the brain (Eysenck & Keane, 1995).
Fig. 9.7 In the model shown here, long-term memory is divided into procedural memory (learned actions and skills) and declarative memory (stored facts). Declarative memories can be either semantic (impersonal knowledge) or episodic (personal experiences associated with specific times and places).
Typing and Driving ActionsTypes of LTM = skill and fact
Episodic Memory= experiences
When we access we re-experience
Most easily forgotten LTM
Names, faces, dates, words, ideas
Expressed in words and symbols
Encyclopedia of basic knowledge
You don’t forgetTypes of Memory
Stimuli associated with memory are missing
We are not aware
Giving a person limited cues
Info previously learned is reflected in cued responses
Related to implicit memory
Recall is used
Trying to rememberImplicit and Explicit Memories
Forgetting events that occur before an injury or trauma
“50 First Dates”
Forgetting invents tha follow an injuryAmnesia