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MSE 401 Group #1 James Hunter Kevin Manocheri Seokki Lee Meshal Alansari Khaled Alturkey Naif Alolaiwi. Concurrent Engineering & Project Management . Presentation Outline: . What is Concurrent Engineering What is Project Management WalMart's Implementation of CE

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slide1
MSE 401

Group #1

James Hunter

Kevin Manocheri

Seokki Lee

MeshalAlansari

Khaled Alturkey

Naif Alolaiwi

Concurrent Engineering &Project Management

presentation outline
Presentation Outline:
  • What is Concurrent Engineering
  • What is Project Management
  • WalMart's Implementation of CE
  • Boeing
  • Conclusion

James Hunter

what is concurrent engineering
What is Concurrent Engineering:
  • Concurrent Engineering (CE) is a systematic approach to integrated product development that emphasizes the response to customer expectations. It embodies team values of co-operation, trust and sharing in such a manner that decision making is by consensus, involving all perspectives in parallel, from the beginning of the product life cycle. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Concurrent_Engineering)

James Hunter

slide4

What is Concurrent Engineering:

  • CE is also known as Simultaneous Engineering or Integrated Product Development
  • CE is relatively new (Last 25 years)
    • Institute for Defense Analysis (IDA)
  • Replaces tradition “Waterfall” method
  • CE was designed to for the Product Development Stage
    • Optimizes engineering design cycles
  • CE is a long term Strategy
  • Any successful organization, now, must implement Concurrent Engineering.
  • Most apparent in the Aerospace Industry

James Hunter

slide5

What is Concurrent Engineering:

Advantaged and Disadvantages:

  • Advantages :
    • Integrated Project Management (IPM)
    • Integrated Project Teams (IPT)
    • Optimizes Engineering Design Cycles
    • Information Sharing
    • Reduces Costs (Long Term)
    • Maximized Quality (200%-600%)
    • Reduces Development Time (30%-70%)
    • Reduces Design Rework (65%-90%)
  • Disadvantages/Challenges
    • Large Upfront Investment
    • Implementation of Early Design Reviews
    • Dependency on Efficient Communication
    • Software Compatibility
    • Need for Computer Modeling
    • Organizational and Cultural Changes (Anchor draggers)

James Hunter

what is project management
What is Project Management:
  • Project management is the discipline of planning, organizing, securing, managing, leading, and controlling resources to achieve specific goals.
  • A project is a temporary endeavor with a defined beginning and end (usually time-constrained, and often constrained by funding or deliverables), undertaken to meet unique goals and objectives, typically to bring about beneficial change or added value.

Kevin Manocheri

project management overview
Project Management Overview:
  • In 1950’s Project management initiated on the construction and defense project when there was more need for it.
  • Henry Gantt and Henri Fayol are known as the fathers of project management. Gantt for creating scheduling and Fayol for introducing the 5 concepts of managerial functions.
  • Project management is a technique to control the time, cost, quality and overall scope of the project.
  • Key metrics of project management are time cost, performance objective.
  • Project management’s most usable tools are Gantt chart, PERT, (program, evaluation review technique), CPM (critical path method), risk Management, and network Diagram.

Kevin Manocheri

tools used for pm and ce
Tools Used for PM and CE:
  • CPM/PERT
  • Work Breakdown Structure (WBS)
  • Organization Assessment IOM Check List
  • Gantt Chart

Kevin Manocheri

slide9

What is Project Management:

Advantaged & Disadvantages:

  • Advantages :
    • Better efficiency in delivering services
    • Improved and enhanced customer satisfaction
    • Improved growth and development within the team
    • Greater competitive edge
    • Better flexibility
    • Increased risk assessment
    • Provides a plan to follow
  • Disadvantage:
    • If it’s implemented correctly there is no disadvantage.

Kevin Manocheri

concurrent engineering project management relation
Concurrent Engineering & Project Management Relation.
  • With out descent project management concurrent engineering would not be applicable.
  • Project Management is a Derivative of CE.
  • Need PM to implement CE successfully.

Kevin Manocheri

case study 1 walmart
Case Study 1: WalMart
  • Founded year : 1962
  • Founder : Sam Walton
  • World`s third largest corporation by Fortune 500
  • Largest retailer in the world
  • Over 2 million employees
  • Success in most countries
  • Unsuccessful in South Korea

SeokkiLee

case study 1 walmart2
Case Study 1: Walmart

(Walmart)

(E-mart)

SeokkiLee

successful ce case study overview
Successful CE Case Study Overview
  • NPD project was executed using the CE implementations:
      • Boeing’s 777 project

Meshal Alansari

successful case study overview
Successful Case Study Overview

Boeing Commercial Aircraft Division - 777 Project:

  • New technologies:
        • digital avionics
        • advanced lightweight materials
        • dual-engine
        • two pilot design (%25 less cost per seat-mile)
        • replacement for 747 family
  • $4-5 billion to launch first member of 777 family

Meshal Alansari

successful case study overview1
Successful Case Study Overview
  • Teams provide the primary integration mechanism in CE projects.
  • Three types of teams appeared in the project:
      • Program management team
      • Technical team
      • Numerous design-build team

Meshal Alansari

communication among teams
Communication Among Teams
  • Communicating methods included:
          • Face to face communication
          • Phone conversation
          • Document
          • Electronic mail
  • Based on the project focus, a certain way of communication used:
      • Project focusing on design quality relied on formal personation and periodic review meetings
      • Project emphasizing development speed required frequent informal communication

Meshal Alansari

case study methodology
Case Study Methodology

The selected firm included in the study:

  • Had substantial experience in NPD
  • Were developing relatively complex products
  • Used concurrent engineering methods
  • Operated in highly competitive markets
  • Collectively represented a diversity of product and market needs

Meshal Alansari

case study methodology1
Case Study Methodology

The study used a questionnaire containing 29 open-ended questions addressed:

  • Motivations, risks, and competitive pressures surrounding the project
  • Product complexity and technologies
  • Project scheduling and concurrency
  • Team personnel, organization, incentives, and authority;
  • Definitions, motivations, and benefits of CE
  • Functional interactions and communication modes;
  • Methods and tools used to promote CE
  • Barriers and keys to success

Naif Alolaiwi

challenges in npd projects
Challenges in NPD Projects
  • Program Priorities:
      • Design Quality
      • Product Cost
      • Product Introduction speed
  • Project Characteristics:
      • Project Complexity
      • Innovation
      • Technical Risk

Naif Alolaiwi

program priorities
Program Priorities

Design Quality

  • 777 project:
      • Has 500 suppliers
      • Need 3,000,000 parts
      • Has 1700 computer workstation (220 of them in Japan)
      • New aircraft must prove reliability with at least 2 years to be FAA approved

Naif Alolaiwi

program priorities1
Program Priorities

Product Cost

  • Boeing faced significant product cost challenges on the 777 project due to stiff competition from Airbus and the deregulation of the airline industry.

Naif Alolaiwi

project characteristics
Project Characteristics

Project Complexity

  • 777 project:
      • 7000 people located in countries throughout the world
      • Boeing placed tremendous emphasis on communication to minimize risks

Khaled Alturkey

benefits ce implementation
Benefits CE Implementation
  • Some of the companies documented savings in overall product development costs of approximately 20% and reductions in engineering design changes of 4.5%-50%.

Khaled Alturkey

summary of ce practices
Summary of CE Practices
  • At least 3 opportunities exist for concurrent processing:
      • Simultaneously developing market concept, product designs, manufacturing process, product structures
      • Overlapping design disciplines so that system level and component level designs are produced concurrently
      • Overlapping of separate but related new products requiring coordination between NPD programs

Khaled Alturkey

summary of ce practices1
Summary of CE Practices
  • As degrees of overlap among activities become more intense, decisions that are dependent on information from upstream processes become more uncertain (more risk)
  • Successful CE implementation approaches differ depending on factors such as:
      • Product characteristics
      • Customer needs
      • Technology requirements

Khaled Alturkey

summary of ce practices2
Summary of CE Practices
  • Teams are essential organizational forms for promoting integration
  • Team arrangements include: program management team, technical team, design-build teams, integration teams, and task forces
  • The modes, frequency, richness, and formality of communications among project participants varies according to information complexity, design, and timing challenges

Khaled Alturkey

conclusion
Conclusion:
  • Project Management is needed to implement Concurrent Engineering correctly.
  • Need Concurrent Engineering to be competitive today.
  • Project Management is a part of Concurrent Engineering
  • Generally benefits are greater than the disadvantages

James Hunter