Making Connections Between Texts While you wait, circle the differences in these pictures 8.4 ELA Pathway
Comparing • When you compare things, you tell how they are alike, or the same.
Contrast • When you contrast things, you tell how they are different. Can you find the differences between these pictures?
Tying it into History • What two documents have we discussed in Unit 10 in History class?? Hint: One was a document from America, the other from France
Let’s Compare and Contrast • We’re going to read an excerpt from the Declaration of Independence and an excerpt from Declaration of the Rights of Man As we read them, think about how they are the same and how they are different
An excerpt from The Declaration of Independence: We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness. That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed. That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its foundation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness. We, therefore, the Representatives of the united States of America… solemnly publish and declare, That these United Colonies are, and of Right ought to be Free and Independent States; that they are Absolved from all Allegiance to the British Crown, and that all political connection between them and the State of Great Britain, is and ought to be totally dissolved; And for the support of this Declaration, with a firm reliance on the protection of divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our Lives, our Fortunes and our sacred Honor.
An excerpt from The Declaration of the Rights of Man: The National Assembly recognizes and proclaims in the presence and under the auspices of the Supreme Being the following rights of man and of the citizen: 1. Men are born and remain free and equal in rights. Social distinctions can only be founded upon the general good. 2. The aim of all political association is the preservation of the natural … rights of man. These rights are liberty, property, security, and resistance to oppression. 4. Liberty consists of being able to do everything which injures no one else… 10. No one shall be disquieted on account of his opinions, including his religious views… 11. The free communication of ideas and opinions is one of the most precious of the rights of man. Every citizen may, accordingly, speak, write, and print with freedom, being responsible, however, for such abuses of this freedom as shall be defined by law. 16. A society in which the observance of the law is not assured nor the separation of powers defined has no constitution at all.
What comparison can be made between the two texts? • Both include the same list of natural rights that all men are entitled to • Both mention that it is the role of the government to secure a person’s rights • Both have unrealistic expectations set forth in their documents • Both talk about getting rid of kings and monarchies
What contrast can be found between the two passages? • The American document says that all men have the right to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness, and the French document says that all men have the right to liberty, property and security. • The American document is declaring independence from Britain, and the French document is declaring independence from Spain. • Both the American document and the French document mention that all men are entitled to certain rights
Which of the following is a theme shared by the two texts? • Honesty is the best policy • Kings are tyrants and oppressive • All men are created equal • Good deeds are rarely rewarded
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