Sociodramatic Play • Most advanced form of play which incorporates imitation, drama, and fantasy integration. • Children often engage in role playing and act out on their experiences. • Through make-believe play children are experimenting with social roles. • Sociodramatic play is the vehicle whereby young children use all of their developmental attributes. It is not merely role playing, but also the incorporation of skills such as problem-solving, organization, and execution of social skills.
Smilansky’s six criteria of Dramatic Play • Imitative role play. The child undertakes a make-believe role and expresses it in imitative action and verbalization. • Make-believe with objects. Movements or verbal declarations and/or materials or toys that are not replicas of the object itself are substituted for real objects. • Verbal make-believe. Verbal descriptions or declarations are substituted for actions and situations. • Persistence in role playing. Extended periods of role or thematic playing for at least 10 minutes. • Interaction. 2 or more children interacting within the context of a play episode. • Verbal communication. Verbal interaction related to the play episode.
Play as Expression of Feelings • For preschoolers, play is a form of expression and communication. • According to Freud, children use play to resolve anxiety and to bring understanding to certain experiences.