change of state n.
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Change of State

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 16

Change of State - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 157 Views
  • Uploaded on

Change of State. The 3 Basic States of Matter. What about Plasma?. Latent Heat & Change of State. Adding or removing heat does not always result in a change of temperature. During a change of state, the heat added is called latent heat because there is no change in temperature.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Change of State' - eagan-holden


Download Now An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
latent heat change of state
Latent Heat & Change of State
  • Adding or removing heat does not always result in a change of temperature.
  • During a change of state, the heat added is called latent heat because there is no change in temperature.
  • Latent means "hidden".
melting
Melting
  • When a solid is melting the heat energy added is building up the energy of the molecules so they can break free of the forces holding them together.
evaporation or boiling
Evaporation or Boiling
  • Similarly, when liquids are turning to gases the heat energy increases the energy of the molecules so they get further apart and become gas molecules.
latent heat of fusion d h f
Latent Heat of Fusion (DHf)
  • Latent heat of fusion is the amount of heat required to melt 1 g of a substance at its melting/freezing point without changing its temperature.
  • It is also the amount of heat that must be removed to solidify 1 g of a substance at its melting/freezing point without changing its temperature.
latent heat of vaporization d h v
Latent Heat of Vaporization (DHv)
  • Latent heat of vaporization is the amount of heat required to vaporize 1 g of a substance at its boiling point without changing its temperature.
  • It is also the amount of heat that must be removed to condense 1 g of a gas at its boiling point without changing its temperature.
water
Water
  • The latent heat of fusion for water is 330 J/g, which means that 330J of energy are needed to change 1 g of ice at 0°C into water at 0°C.
  • The latent heat of vaporization for water is 2260 J/g, which means that 2260 J of energy are needed to change 1 g of liquid water at 100oC into 1 g of steam at 100oC.
latent heat formula
Latent Heat Formula
  • Latent heat can be calculated using the following formula:

Q = mDH

where

Q = the quantity of heat in Joules (J)

m = the mass of the material in g

DH = the latent heat of the substance in J/g

latent heat applications
Latent Heat Applications
  • Water has one of the highest latent heat of fusion values of all substances and therefore has several applications.
  • 1. Picnic Coolers
    • The heat required to melt the ice comes from the food or drinks in the cooler. Since heat leaves the food, it gets cold.
  • 2. Preventing Frost Damage
    • When a frost is predicted, farmers will turn on the water sprinklers. As the water falls on the plants and starts to freeze, heat is released to the surroundings and plants. The heat helps the plants stay warm enough to prevent damage. This only works when the temperature does not drop much below freezing.
latent heat applications1
Latent Heat Applications
  • 3. Cooling Off When Wet
    • You can cool off your body by just coming out of a shower or swimming pool if you do not dry off with a towel. When you are wet, heat from your body is used to vaporize the water. Because heat leaves your body, you feel cool. If you don't want to cool off, just dry yourself well with a towel.
  • 4. Avoid Steam Burns
    • When steam condenses it releases heat to the surroundings. Then the condensed water cools from 100°C to 37°C (body temperature), so even more heat is released and absorbed by the skin. That's why a steam burn is much worse than a burn from boiling water.