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( Towards an) EU urban agenda
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  1. (Towardsan)EU urbanagenda Christian Svanfeldt European Commission Regional and Urban Policy ESPON Open Seminar Nafplio, 4-5 June 2014

  2. EU focus on cities and urban development

  3. What is the issue? • Europe isurban • Cities are key actors in - and for - Europe • BUT… isthisreflected in • …politicalpriority setting? • …policy coordination? • …governance? • Is policy in EU adapted to urbanrealities? • Do weneed an EU urban agenda?

  4. Response to the calls for an EU urban agenda from Member States, the European Parliament, UN HABITAT, the Committee of the Regions, city stakeholder organisations • Debating at European level • the urban dimension of EU policymaking • cities' key role for EU & national policy implementation.

  5. Questions debated • Whydo we need an EU urban agenda - what is it that needs to be made to work better? Participation of cities in EU policy? Helping cities achieve EU objectives? Awareness of cities’ needs and potential? Improve sector coordination? Improve multi-level governance? …? • Whatshould an EU urban agenda be? Vision? Priorities Challenges? Strategy Tasks and timescales Working method? …? • Howshould an EU urban agenda be implemented? Actions? Whom? Ownership? Steering? Monitoring? …?

  6. Strong demandfor an EU urban agenda • increase the quality, efficiency and effectiveness of policies through • better coordinationof policies, actors and governance levels; and • better understandingof urban development contexts in the conception and implementation of policies • strengthen cities’ engagement and ownershipof EU and national policymaking and implementation • support cities’capacity for transition and structural changeto ensure viable urban economies and a socially, environmentally and territorially sustainable development of urban areas. • Framework for action; Flexibility; No new legislation; Subsidiarity

  7. Shared visions and principles… …of urban development [LiepzigCharter, Toledo Declaration] …of territorial development [Territorial Agenda 2020] Territorial Cohesion objective Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union + the European Social Model + …. Is the European model sufficient to guide [sector] policiesat EU level? Whatshouldbeour objectives? What instruments? A European model of urban development

  8. Next steps • Not a single process resulting in a single document • Different actors with different roles in parallel and partly overlapping processes • Intergovernmental cooperation led by the Netherlands; • Committee of the Regions will adopt own initiative opinion • Eurocities, CEMR, etc. developown positions • UN Habitat seeks a global urban agenda • The Commission plans to adopt a Communication and launch a public consultation on the "what?" and the "how?"

  9. Problematic issues • EU vs European urban agenda? • Role of differentgovernancelevels? • Urban vs. Territorial Agenda? • Is there a need to define "urban"? • Is small vs. bigcities an issue? • Urban poverty • Address causes or treatsymptoms? • Policiesatwhatlevel? • Whatis the urban dimension of poverty? • …

  10. Thankyou!