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New Employee Orientation. Safety objectives and goals. An organization’s overall safety program is guided by objectives and goals Every employee plays a part in helping to meet these goals. 1a. Safety committees. Safety committees are a necessary part of any safety program

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New Employee Orientation

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Presentation Transcript
safety objectives and goals
Safety objectives and goals
  • An organization’s overall safety program is guided by objectives and goals
  • Every employee plays a part in helping to meet these goals


safety committees
Safety committees
  • Safety committees are a necessary part of any safety program
  • Safety committees make it easier for employees to make safety suggestions


on the job injuries
On-the-job injuries
  • The first priority is to seek medical attention
  • Stay calm and get help
  • Know how to respond in a safe manner


reporting accidents and injuries
Reporting accidents and injuries
  • Accidents and injuries must be properly reported
  • OSHA has recordkeeping requirements


reporting accidents and injuries6
Reporting accidents and injuries
  • Insurance claims must be filed
  • Reporting near-miss incidents can help prevent future occurrences


what to do in case of emergency
What to do in case of emergency
  • Become familiar with emergency action plans
  • Be aware of procedures to follow to protect yourself and others
  • Emergency drills are regularly conducted


what to do in case of emergency8
What to do in case of emergency
  • Be familiar with:
    • how to report fires, chemical spills
    • evacuation routes
    • who to ask for more information


warning signs and tags
Warning signs and tags
  • Many operations by their nature involve a certain element of risk
  • Safety signs and tags are a means of preventing workplace accidents and injury


warning signs and tags10
Warning signs and tags
  • Safety signs and tags warn you about hazards so that you can take appropriate actions
  • Be aware of the conventions for sign color, symbols, and labels


osha recordkeeping requirements
OSHA recordkeeping requirements
  • OSHA requires employers to keep records of work-related injuries and illnesses


osha recordkeeping requirements12
OSHA recordkeeping requirements
  • Recordkeeping helps OSHA:
    • develop information regarding the causes and prevention of injuries and illnesses
    • maintain a program of collection, compilation, and analysis of statistics
    • enforce the OSH Act


osha recordkeeping requirements13
OSHA recordkeeping requirements
  • Employees have a right to access relevant exposure and medical records
  • OSHA has a right to access records


fire extinguishers
Fire extinguishers
  • The best fire protection is fire prevention
  • Fire results from Heat + Fuel + Oxygen


fire extinguishers15
Fire extinguishers
  • Take away one of the components from the “fire triangle” to extinguish the fire
  • Know how fires are classified, how they spread, and when it’s safe to use an extinguisher


hazard communication
Hazard communication
  • About 32 million workers are potentially exposed to one or more chemical hazards
  • There are an estimated 575,000 existing chemical products
  • Exposure poses a serious threat to many workers


hazard communication17
Hazard communication
  • Chemical exposure may cause/contribute to many serious health effects, such as:
    • heart ailments
    • kidney and lung damage
    • sterility
    • cancer
    • burns
    • rashes


hazard communication18
Hazard communication
  • Some chemicals are safety hazards and have the potential to cause fires/explosions/serious accidents
  • Right-to-know law was established to inform employees of hazards


hazard communication19
Hazard communication
  • Hazard Communication Standard 29 CFR 1910.1200 ensures that hazards are evaluated and information is given to employees


hazard communication20
Hazard communication
  • Hazcom programs include:
    • identification of chemical hazards
    • chemical labeling
    • material safety data sheets (MSDSs)


personal protective equipment
Personal protective equipment
  • Some jobs involve hazards that cannot be eliminated through the use of engineering controls


personal protective equipment22
Personal protective equipment
  • Employees must then wear appropriate PPE
    • foot protection
    • eye/face protection
    • hand/arm protection
    • head protection
    • respiratory protection
    • protective clothing


personal protective equipment23
Personal protective equipment
  • Employers must assess workplace hazards and determine if PPE is needed
  • Employer selects appropriate PPE
  • PPE must fit properly


personal protective equipment24
Personal protective equipment
  • Employees must receive training in:
    • when PPE is necessary
    • what PPE is necessary
    • how to properly put on, take off, adjust, wear PPE
    • the limitations of PPE
    • the proper care, maintenance, useful life, disposal of PPE


bloodborne pathogens
Bloodborne pathogens
  • Know the threats posed by bloodborne pathogens
  • AIDS and Hepatitis B can result from exposure incidents


bloodborne pathogens26
Bloodborne pathogens
  • Know which job duties expose you to bloodborne pathogens
  • Employees rendering first aid, performing maintenance, and housekeeping must protect themselves


lockout tagout
  • Many accidents occur when employees service equipment
  • Lockout/tagout (LOTO) is a warning and prevention system for unexpected startup and release of stored energy


lockout tagout28
  • Ensure that unexpected startup or release of stored energy will not occur
  • Inform others that lockout/tagout is being applied


process safety management
Process safety management
  • Helps prevent the unwanted release of hazardous chemicals
  • Employees involved in operating a process need training in the process


process safety management30
Process safety management
  • Training is required for employees who operate a process that involves:
    • a chemical at or above the specified threshold quantities
    • pressure vessels/storage tanks
    • piping systems


process safety management31
Process safety management
  • Training is required for employees who operate a process that involves:
    • relief and vent systems
    • emergency shutdown systems
    • controls
    • pumps


process safety management32
Process safety management
  • Training emphasizes:
    • specific safety/health hazards
    • procedures
    • emergency operations that include shutdowns
    • safe practices applicable to job tasks
    • significant changes in processes


safe lifting techniques
Safe lifting techniques
  • Most back problems are preventable
  • There are a variety of stresses that improper lifting, twisting, bending can put on the back


safe lifting techniques34
Safe lifting techniques
  • Back problems can include:
    • strains and sprains
    • torn ligaments
    • ruptured/slipped disks
    • muscle spasms
  • Back problems are not necessarily connected with work


safe lifting techniques35
Safe lifting techniques
  • Non work-related factors can contribute to back problems, such as poor posture and physical condition
  • Keep knees slightly higher than hips when sitting


safe lifting techniques36
Safe lifting techniques
  • Keep shoulders and upper back straight
  • Don’t slouch
  • Stand straight with weight centered over your hips


safe lifting techniques37
Safe lifting techniques
  • Keep knees slightly bent when lying down, or sleep on your back
  • Sleeping on the stomach can lead to a morning backache
  • Follow safe lifting techniques


electrical safety
Electrical safety
  • Hundreds of deaths are attributed to contact with electrical current each year
  • Avoid becoming a statistic by using safe work practices


hearing conservation
Hearing conservation
  • Noise is a pervasive occupational health problem
  • Noise is a by-product of many industrial processes


hearing conservation40
Hearing conservation
  • How you are affected by noise depends on:
    • loudness and frequency
    • length of exposure
    • your age and health


hearing conservation41
Hearing conservation
  • Noise can:
    • make you tired and irritable
    • increase your stress level
    • make you miss hearing important warnings/instructions
  • Employers must take steps to reduce noise levels


hearing conservation42
Hearing conservation
  • PPE must be used if noise levels cannot be reduced
  • Understand noise hazards, and take appropriate precautions when exposed to excessive noise