Introduction The period we call ‘Art Deco’ occurred roughly between the two world wars 1920-1939, but it’s strongly influenced many designer up until the 1960’s. Even today it can be seen as a strong inspiration on some modern products. Art Deco’s strong geometric shapes and streamlining appalled to people after the first world war and was seen as very modern responding to the machine and to new materials such as plastic and Chrome. Art Deco had no social philosophies or manifestos like earlier art movements, it was purely decorative taking its inspiration from ancient cultures such as ancient Egyptian (following the discovery of the Pyramid tombs) and Mayan civilizations, the art of Japan and Africa. Art Deco took it’s name from the 'Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes', an exhibition held in Paris in 1925, it was not given this title until 1966. German Der Zeitraum, den wir „Art Deco“ nennen, entstand zwar grob geschätzt zwischen den beiden Weltkriegen (1920-1939), aber er hatte bis in die sechziger Jahr nachhaltigen Einfluss auf die Designer. Noch heute gilt Art Deco als eine starke Inspiration für einige zeitgenössische Produkte.Nach dem ersten Weltkrieg sprachen die starken geometrischen Formen sowie die Stromlinienform des Art Deco die Menschen an. Er wurde als sehr modern angesehen, auf neue Materialien wie Kunststoff und Chrom einzugehen. Art Deco hatte keine sozialen Philosophien oder Manifeste wie frühere Kunstbewegungen; Art Deco war rein dekorativ und bezog seine Inspiration aus antiken Kulturen wie der Kultur Ägyptens (nach der Entdeckung der Pyramidengräber), der Maya-Kulturen und der japanischen und afrikanischen Kunst.Der Name Art Deco stammt von der Ausstellung„ Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes“, die 1925 in Paris stattfand. Die Bezeichnung Art Deco wurde jedoch erst ab 1996 offiziell verwendet. Turkish Art Decodiye isimlendirdigimiz zaman birimi yaklasik olarak iki dunya savasi arasidir, fakat bir cok tasarimcilar 1960 lara kadar bunub buyuk tesiri altinda kalmistir. Bu gunlerde bile bazi modern urunlerde tesirleri , “esintileri”, orulmektedir. Birinci dunya harbinden sonra insanlar Art Deco’un keskin geometrik ve duzgun sekillerini beyenmektedirler. Plastik ve crom kadar modern gozukuyoedu. Onceki sanat hareketlerinde oldugu gibi Art Deco da sosyal felsefe veya bildiri ozelligi yoktur, sadece susleme sanatiydi. Bu esintilerini eski Misir, Mayan medeniyetlerinden ve Japon ve Afrika sanatlarindan almisdir. Art Deco ismini Paris de 1925 de, ‘Exposition Internationale des Arts Decoratifs et Industriels Modernes’ isimli, bir sergi den almistir. Art Deco ismi kesin olarak 1966 da verilmistir.
Architecture Like any style Art Deco Architecture evolved from many sources. The austere shapes of the Bauhaus School and streamlined styling of modern technology combined with patterns and icons taken from the ancient cultures, especially Egyptian.
Architecture Hoover Western Avenue Middx UB6Designed by Wallis Gilbert & Partners in 1931-5 in an Egyptian style with vibrant colours and an impressive entrance. Broadcasting House Hackney Town Hall Mare Street, HackneyE8Built 1934-6 to replace a Victorian building and set back from the road. The competition for its design was won by Lanchester and Lodge. It retains original light fittings, panelling, floor surfaces and doors.
Pottery is synonymous with the Art Deco period, many designers of the period experimented into working with ceramics and porcelain. Art Deco ceramics are still very collectable today.
Illustration In the 1930s the influence of propaganda art and expressionism was felt in Illustration. Stylised monotone shapes suggested the block-printing techniques used for political posters.
Art Deco Designers A.M. Cassandre Sonia Delaunay Michel die Klerk Andre Leon Arbus Gustave Miklos Norman Bel Geddes Susie Cooper Pierre Chareau Raymond Loewy Serge Chermayeff Clarice Cliff René Jules Lalique
Art Deco Designers Jean Dunand Djo Bourgeois Donald Deskey Maurice Dufrene Rene Jules Lalique Josef Hoffman Le Corbusier Frank Lloyd Wright Joseph Urban Paul Poiret Eileen Gray Charles Rennie Mackintosh Ely Jacques Kahn
Men's fashion Unlike the women, men of the period preferred to wear their trousers at their natural waistline. Jackets were worn single or double breasted and waistcoats were often worn with suits. Business wear was similar to suits of today, and tuxedos were worn for formal occasions. A fashionable sporting outfit usually consisted of linen knickers, a V-necked sweater with a bow tie, and, the classic spectator shoes. An English driving cap or casual straw hat supplemented the outfit well. In the early to mid 20’s ‘Oxford bags’ were fashionable, these were very wide legged trousers with turn-ups. The popular yachting look displayed a navy sport coat, white slacks, and yachting cap. Bow- and standard Windsor-knot neckties were equally popular. This casual look was topped off by an English driving cap or a summer-weight brimmed hat, such as a Panama straw. Closer to the end of the Art Deco period trousers had started tapering in to get a slim-line look.
Women's fashion After the First World War skirts started to rise and were all the way up to the knee by 1925. As Hems rose, the waistline dropped. It essentially disappeared and by 1920 it had settled on the waist. The silhouette was basically tubular throughout the period. However, this was also a period of great experimentation in fashion--the first time in centuries that designers had a truly different silhouette to work with. Innovative seaming, draping, gauzy fabrics, beads, and feathers were all called upon. This love of surface embellishment and abstract, graphic design is a general characteristic of art deco design. Menswear concepts were used also, including a number of sportswear ideas, such as the sweater. Knits, leather, and rayon for the first time became important fashion materials. In the latter part of the Art Deco period, economic problems caused women to return to more traditional roles and with this came the more traditional feminine image for women. Waistlines returned to the waist and showed again the feminine shape instead of the boyish figure preferred during the 1920’s
Embellishment During the Art Deco period there was a love for surface decoration, here are some examples of 1920’s embellishment of garments.
Art Influences Cubism - the reduction of natural forms to their geometrical equivalents Futurism - forms derived chiefly from Cubism were used to represent rapid movements and dynamic motion; showing hostility to traditional forms of expression The Art Deco style was influenced by a number of other art movements. Some art movements that had a major influence on Art Deco were: Cubism Futurism Expressionism Vorticism Expressionism - forms derived from nature are distorted or exaggerated and colours are intensified for emotive or expressive purposes Vorticism - using the concept of a vortex
Cultural Influenes The discovery of Tutankhamun's Tomb in Egypt and reveals it’s treasures to an astonished world. The 20’s & 30’s was a period of discovery and this can be seen the design of the period Many cultures influenced the Art Deco period including Ancient Egypt, Mayan civilizations, the art of Japan and Africa.
TV programmes depicting the period The House of Eliott is a British television series produced and broadcast by the BBC set in the 1920’s. David Suchet stars as Hercule Poirot in this award-winning crime series set in the 1930s Hercule Poirot is a fictional Belgian detective created by Agatha Christie. Here are some examples of Television programmes set in the Art Deco period. Jeeves and Wooster is a British comedy television series adapted by Clive Exton from P.G. Wodehouse's Jeeves stories
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