Tobacco
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TEKS 3 rd Grade: Describe the negative effects of smoking on the body. (L) 4 th Grade: Describe the effects and consequences of smoking on one’s health. (L) 5 th Grade:

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Tobacco

TEKS

3rd Grade: Describe the negative effects of smoking on the body. (L)

4th Grade: Describe the effects and consequences of smoking on one’s health. (L)

5th Grade:

Describe the changes that occur in the cardiorespiratory system as a result of smoking and how those changes affect the ability to perform physical activity. (4H)

Describe how movement and coordination are effected by alcohol and other drugs. (4I)

Tobacco

3rd –5th Grades

3-5


  • 3rd Grade

  • What effect does smoking have on the body?

  • How does second hand smoke affect the lungs?

  • How does smoking affect your ability to exercise?

  • What might happen if and underage person got caught with cigarettes?

  • 4th and 5th Grade

  • What changes occur in the cardiorespiratory system as a result of smoking?

  • How does smoking affect the ability to perform exercise?

3-5


Air sac - Small sacs in the lungs that hold air (alveoli)

Alveoli – Air cells in the lungs

Consequences– A result or outcome

Negative effects– Something that could happen that is not good

Nicotine – Addictive substance in tobacco

Second hand smoke – Smoke from a cigarette, cigar, or pipe that is involuntarily inhaled

Tar– Black, gooey gunk that comes from the smoke of cigarettes, cigars, and pipes

3-5


Tobacco – A plant that can be smoked in cigarettes, pipes, or cigars or can be chewed or spit.

Osteoporosis – Loss of bone density which causes bones to become brittle and subject to fracture

Emphysema–Irreversible disease of the lungs in which the lung tissue has been destroyed

Peer Pressure– Social pressure by one’s peer group to adopt certain values, rules, and actions to conform in order to be accepted

Cardiorespiratory - Pertaining to the heart and respiratory (lungs) system

45


Tobacco law
Tobacco Law

  • Tobacco-Free School Environment:

  • Tobacco use is prohibited by any person on District premises, at school

  • or school-related activities

  • Tobacco use is prohibited by AISD employees in District vehicles

  • It is illegal for students to possess tobacco products on District premises,

  • at school or school-related activities

  • School personnel shall enforce these polices on school property

3-5



Tobacco products
Tobacco Products

Spit tobacco is placed in a person’s mouth and is spit out. Fire is not used to light this product and cause smoke.

Spit Tobacco

Cigarettes

Cigar

Pipe

Tobacco products that cause smoke to go into the air produce second hand smoke.

3-5


Cigarette ingredients
Cigarette Ingredients

There are approximately 600 ingredients in cigarettes. When burned, they create more than 4,000 chemicals. 

Nicotine is an addictive drug made from a tobacco plant.

It is also used in insecticide.

Acetone- found in nail polish remover

Acetone- found in nail polish remover

Lead – used in batteries

Acetic Acid –  an ingredient in hair dye

Ammonia – a common household cleaner

Arsenic – used in rat poison

Methanol – a main component in rocket fuel

Formaldehyde – used to preserve deceased animals for research

Butane – used in lighter fluid

3-5

Information take from the American Lung Association


Tar

  • Black, gooey gunk that comes from the smoke of cigarettes, cigars, and pipes (tobacco products).

  • The air sacs in the lungs become filled with tar.

  • Tar is the leading cause of throat and lung cancer.

Teacher Note: Show the “Tar Jar”

3-5


Cardio respiratory

Teacher Note: Show “Smoke-free and Smokers Lung Display”

Cardio-respiratory

Over time, airways begin to narrow which causes the lungs to get less oxygen.

Lungs

Lungs

Compare the differences between the healthy and unhealthy heart and lungs.

Why are they different?

LUNGS WORK HARDER = HEART WORKS HARDER

Heart

Works harder when the unhealthy lungs are getting less oxygen

Heart

Healthy

Unhealthy

Picture credit: http://princessshimari.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/05/tar-lungs.jpg


Emphysema
Emphysema

Irreversible disease of the lungs in which the lung tissue (alveoli) has been destroyed

Picture from: http://theenzymeshop.wordpress.com/2010/08/16/emphysema-serrapeptase-and-serracel/


Second hand smoke
Second Hand Smoke

Smoke from cigars, cigarettes, pipes a non-smoker breathes in when around a smoker.

Emily

John

SMOKER

A person who smokes

NON-SMOKER

A person who does not smoke

Even though Emily is not smoking she is breathing in second hand smoke from John.

What can the smoke coming from John’s tobacco pipe do to Emily’s body?


How can smoking affect an athlete
How can smoking affect an athlete?

  • Reduced athletic performance

  • Greater risk of injury and slower healing time

3-5


Short term effects
Short Term Effects

Things that could happen immediately or within a short amount of time to someone or something.

Click on the speaker beside each effect for more information.

Increased

Heart Rate

Irritates eyes

(red, itchy)

Changes senses:

Taste and Smell

Fingernails

(Smelly)

Bad-smelling clothes and hair

Bad breath and yellowed teeth

Decreased supply of oxygen

3-5


Long term effects
Long Term Effects

Things that could happen after an extended time

(in the future) to someone or something.

Click on the speaker each effect for more information.

Increased chances of being sick

Heart Disease

Emphysema

Lung Cancer

Chronic Bronchitis

Osteoporosis

Wrinkled Skin

Stained Teeth and Fingernails

Tobacco smoking is the leading cause of preventabledeaths in the United States.

3-5


So why do people smoke
So, why do people smoke?

Peer Pressure

3-5


$5.00-$8.00

3-5


Negative effects of smoking
Negative Effects of Smoking

Hair will smell

Less sense of smell

Irritates eyes (red, itchy)

Stains Teeth (yellow/brownish teeth)

Wrinkles skin

Less sense of taste

Lungs get less oxygen

Heart works harder

Stained fingernails

If a person smokes, how will their body feel when they exercise or play?

Clothes get smelly (stinky) or burned

3-5


Review

Air sac =

Small sacs in the lungs that hold air (alveoli)

Alveoli =

Air cells in the lungs

Consequences =

A result or outcome

Negative Effects =

Something that could happen that is not good

Second Hand Smoke =

Smoke from a cigarette, cigar, or pipe that is involuntarily inhaled

3-5


Review

Tubes that lead the air in and out of your lungs

Bronchiole Tubes =

Tar =

Black, gooey gunk that comes from the smoke of cigarettes, cigars, and pipes

3-5


  • 3rd Grade

  • What effect does smoking have on the body?

  • How does second hand smoke affect the lungs?

  • How does smoking affect your ability to exercise?

  • What might happen if and underage person got caught with cigarettes?

  • 4th and 5th Grade

  • What changes occur in the cardiorespiratory system as a result of smoking?

  • How does smoking affect the ability to perform exercise?

3-5