summary of inms observations of saturn s inner magnetosphere n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Summary of INMS observations of Saturn’s inner magnetosphere PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Summary of INMS observations of Saturn’s inner magnetosphere

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 20

Summary of INMS observations of Saturn’s inner magnetosphere - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 120 Views
  • Uploaded on

Summary of INMS observations of Saturn’s inner magnetosphere. Mark E. Perry Tom Cravens, Kathy Mandt, Ben Teolis, Bob Tokar, Todd Smith, Ralph McNutt, Hunter Waite Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, Laurel, MD. MOP 2011, Boston, MA 12 July, Abstract 24.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Summary of INMS observations of Saturn’s inner magnetosphere' - durin


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
summary of inms observations of saturn s inner magnetosphere

Summary of INMS observations of Saturn’s inner magnetosphere

Mark E. Perry

Tom Cravens, Kathy Mandt, Ben Teolis, Bob Tokar, Todd Smith, Ralph McNutt, Hunter Waite

Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, Laurel, MD

MOP 2011, Boston, MA

12 July, Abstract 24

understanding saturn s inner magnetosphere inms neutrals
Understanding Saturn’s inner magnetosphere: INMS neutrals
  • INMS provides in-situ measurements
    • Due to radiation and sensitivity constraints, observations are between 3.9 and 6.5 RS from Saturn and within 0.5 RS of the equatorial plane.
    • Mostly measure H2Obut CO2 and dustalso observed
    • OH, O, not possible
  • INMS neutral measurements are beginning to provide radial, azimuthal, and Z distributions
    • Through models, distributions are sensitive probes of the source, transport, and loss mechanisms that define the neutrals and ions that populate the inner magnetosphere

Neutral distribution, Jurac and Richardson, 2005

MOP 2011

understanding saturn s inner magnetosphere inms ions
Understanding Saturn’s inner magnetosphere: INMS ions
  • INMS can supplement CAPS survey
    • Unambiguous separation of water-group ions
    • Single-pass temporal and spatial resolution (0.2 RS)
    • Use CAPS phase-space distribution to interpret INMS data, which cover only a small portion of the velocity PSD
  • Measurement goals:
    • Water-group ion distribution as a function of
      • RS, Z, theta
      • Phase-spacevelocity
      • Time
    • High-resolutionion density

MOP 2011

early results of inms im neutral observations
Early results of INMS IM neutral observations
  • Includes INMS measurements before close approach on E3 and E5
    • Within uncertainties, no difference between E3 and E5
  • Compare results to Smith’s model of neutral distribution
    • Neutral cloud distribution depends on transport and loss

All observations during highly-inclined trajectories

MOP 2011

neutral density vs distance from saturn
Neutral density vs. distance from Saturn
  • Preliminary result: relative density, only
  • Data from rev 128: CDA observation in equatorial plane.
  • About 120 degrees from Enceladus
  • These are inbound data; also have outbound
  • May be able to evaluate composition dependence on distance, also

MOP 2011

e3 and e5 densities south of enceladus
E3 and E5 densities south of Enceladus
  • Farther than 500 km from the surface (2 Re from the surface or 750 km from Z=0), E3 and E5 densities are identical.
  • Difference when closer to Enceladus due to path through plume

E5 was 7 months after E3

Location of E8 data

MOP 2011

densities vary at z 1 832 km
Densities vary at Z= -1,832 km
  • E3 and E5 densities are identical to each other and are 3 times higher than peak E8 CSN densities
  • Temporal difference, or due to jets?

Ions

1,000 km

E5

E3

E8

Projection of Enceladus onto plane

Y distance in Enceladus frame (km)

OSNB detection;

Peak CSN density

Sharp drop in neutral density

Saturn

X distance (Saturn direction) in Enceladus-centered frame (km)

MOP 2011

dust and inms byproduct and error source
Dust and INMS: byproduct and error source

H2O only seen for some orientations

  • Each spike caused by an ice grain
    • Identified by large increase in a single measurement.
    • Measurements separated by fractions of a second
  • Equatorial pass near 4 RS.
  • Dividing number of spikes by the duty cycle indicates density

H2 measurements during rev 128

MOP 2011

interpreting inms phase space densities
Interpreting INMS phase space densities
  • INMS measures only a small portion of velocity phase space
  • Use results of CAPS surveys to put INMS results in context
    • Vperp = perpendicular to the magnetic field (Vperp is in XY plane)
    • Vpar= parallel to the magnetic field (aligned with Saturn’s axis of rotation)
  • Ions are dispersed in velocity phase space
    • INMS measures ions regardless of Cassini pointing
  • Signal-to-noise is best when INMS points in XY plane, and between 4-6 RS.

4.5 Rs

5.5 Rs

Tokar, et al., 2008

MOP 2011

inms phase space densities for water group ions
INMS phase-space densities for water-group ions

Rev 122

  • INMS measures only a small area of velocity phase space
  • Decline in count rate is due to increasing distance from Saturn and due to reduction in pick-up ions
  • H+, H2+, and N+are below the noise level
  • May be some H3O+ observed, but it is at the noise level
  • Error bars show 1σ statistical uncertainty

All data were obtained within 1,300 km (0.02 RS) of the equatorial plane

Total water-group velocity phase-space density: all ions, all velocities measured by INMS

CAPS PSD, for all velocities in the equatorial plane for v=20 km/s ions

MOP 2011

ion density extended to 4rs
Ion density extended to 4RS
  • Total water-group density measured to 4 Rs
  • Preliminary, relative densities
  • Linear trend continues

Dip caused by change in pointing

MOP 2011

fractional distribution of ions with the water group for rev 122
Fractional distribution of ions with the water group for Rev 122
  • These data are binned heavily to reduce statistical variations.
  • O+ is a relatively-flat proportion of the total water group
  • H2O+ drops below OH+ at the farthest measurement from Saturn at 5.5 RS.
  • The error bars show the statistical uncertainty.
  • H3O+ signal is 0.1 of H2O+, but uncertainty is 100%

MOP 2011

models of relative abundances smith et al jgr 2010
Models of relative abundances,Smith et al., JGR 2010
  • Ion distributions depend on
    • Local neutral distributions
    • Transport to/from other portions of the magnetosphere
    • Loss mechanisms
  • Distribution of water-group ions is similar to neutral density at from 4-5 RS (Smith model)
  • INMS measures ions in transition from high-to-low H2O+
    • Closer to 4 RS, H2O+ dominates
    • Farther out, H2O+ is much lower density

MOP 2011

extend water fractions to 4 0 r s
Extend water fractions to 4.0 RS
  • Water-group ions are nearly 100% H2O+ at 4.0 RS
  • Fractions at 5 RS agree with previous results
  • Is there a dependence on phase space?

MOP 2011

rev 127 pointing varies in and out of equatorial plane
Rev 127: pointing varies in and out of equatorial plane
  • Thick line is Vperp vs time
    • Expect ions density to fall off above 30 km/s
  • Dashed line is VPAR (normal to XY plane)
    • Expect distribution to fall off above 15 km/s (more rapidly than Vperp)
  • Thin line is water ion density (mass 18) vs. time (hrs)
    • Higher count rate when VPAR <10 km/s and VPERP <25 km/s

Outbound

Inbound

4 Rs

4 Rs

MOP 2011

inms observations in velocity phase space
INMS observations in velocity phase space
  • During rev 127, the location of measurements in phase space varies between low and high Vpar
  • Can directly compare distribution within the water group in both locations

Low counts

Higher counts

MOP 2011

summary
Summary
  • Neutrals: Beginning to measure distribution
    • Consistent with models; initial azimuthal distribution
  • Ions: Phase-space densities consistent with CAPS
    • Co-rotating thermalized ions enhanced by pickup-ions closer to 4 RS. Density dependence on VPAR.
  • Ions: have distribution among the water-group ions (H2O+, OH+, and O+); expanding spatial and velocity coverage.
    • See a region rich in H2O+ near 4 RS and a region with relatively more OH+ near 5.5 RS.
  • Plans for future measurements between 3.5 and 6 RS.
    • Improved accuracy, resolution (better observ parameters)
    • The distribution of species within the water-group ions vs. location in physical space and in velocity phase space
    • Measures of azimuthal and radial neutral densities
      • Investigate potential composition dependencies

MOP 2011

limitations of inms ion measurements
Limitations of INMS ion measurements
  • INMS measures only a tiny portion of velocity phase space at a time
    • Small FOV: 2-degree radius
    • Single velocity: ΔV=<10%
  • Sensitivity insufficient to measure ions beyond 6 RS.
  • Maximum velocity with respect to Cassini is 22 km/s
    • Bulk velocity of ions is close to co-rotation velocity, which is >40 km/s at 5 RS and increases outward
  • Measure one mass and one velocity at a time.
    • Since ions are broadly distributed in phase space, not too limiting.

Persoon et al., 2009

MOP 2011

inms mass spectra rev 122 count rate for each ion mass vs time
INMS mass spectra: Rev 122Count rate for each ion mass vs. time
  • Water group ions measured between 10:10 UTC and 12:40 UTC, when the INMS aperture pointing is advantageous for measuring ions co-rotating with Saturn’s magnetic field.

Red= high count rate

  • The periodicity in the water-group data is due to velocity scanning and INMS sensitivity, which is much greater at higher velocities
    • Only the higher velocities have count rates above background.

Count rates uniformly higher when binning data on board

Count rates are higher when INMS measures higher velocities

Water-group (masses 16-18)

H2O+, OH+, O+

Black= low count rate

5.8 RS

4.5 RS

MOP 2011