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Istanbul, June 12, 2006

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  1. Istanbul, June 12, 2006

  2. New WorkplaceNew Education Kai-ming Cheng University of Hong Kong Forum on Job Creation in Eastern Europe & Central Asia World Bank/Government of Turkey June 12-13, 2006 Istanbul

  3. Education: What’s New? The Contexts • Society: new workplace • Education: new developments • Learning: new understanding

  4. Change in society & workplace

  5. Then, Industrial society ….

  6. Industrial Society: the Pyramid

  7. Assumptions … • Large organizations • Parallel departments • Layers and ranks • Detailed division of labour • Tight structures • Rules and regulations • Credential-based recruitment i.e. bureaucracies

  8. People’s assumptions … • Lifelong career • Long-term employment • Presumed loyalty • Upward mobility • Escalating incomes • Foreseeable future • Predictable retirement • ……..

  9. People in Workplace: Industrial • Work in specific jobs • Engage in relatively isolated tasks • Are specialized • Are ranked • Implement pre-set designs • Follow prescribed procedures • Abide by rules and regulations • Recruited by qualifications • ……

  10. Assumption:People are Specialized, Classified & Ranked

  11. Industrial society: Education Preparing people • For specific occupations at specific ranks • Providing them with credentials • Based on the knowledge and skills

  12. Industrial society: Secondary Education Therefore, • Prepare young people for higher level education • Providing them with credentials • Based on the knowledge and skills • Or employment, if they fail

  13. Industrial society: Secondary Education • Teaching through subjects • Helping students through examinations • Providing them with credentials • Based on the knowledge and skills

  14. Curriculum as Subjects

  15. Knowledge & Skills Preschool Primary Secondary Tertiary “End” of education: Next stage of education

  16. The overhaul …

  17. Mobile phones CEO of Samsung: “We are not producing telephones. We are producing fashion!”

  18. G2000 Michael Tien: “When it works, It’s obsolete!” “Customers don’t know what they want!”

  19. Restaurants: Maxim’s Cantonese Cuisine (9) Chaozhou Cuisine (3) Peking Cuisine (5) Other Chinese Cuisines (5) Miso, Kiko m.a.x. concepts: mezz, EXP, café Landmark, thai basil, can.teen, little basil, the basil, fresh basil, rice paper, Café Express, Deli and Wine, Curtain Up, Concerto Bar & Cafe Starbucks Coffee Over 320 shops

  20. Manufacturing Then Design Production Now

  21. Insurance: Traditional

  22. Insurance: Agents

  23. Insurance: Brokers

  24. Retail Banking Counter

  25. Customized Services

  26. ATM

  27. Outsourcing Core Functions

  28. Outsourcing

  29. Just-in-time publishing Printing Inventory Shipping Inventory Sales Sales Printing

  30. Post-industrial: SMEs

  31. Task Forces Client TASK FORCE

  32. Post-industrial: Large Organisations Project Groups Task Forces Production Teams Client Groups “Accounts” Deal Team

  33. Task Force

  34. Post-industrial: Free-lancers

  35. Now, Post-industrial society …

  36. Industrial: Scale Production

  37. Post-Industrial: Customized Products

  38. Hong Kong (around 291,000 registered companies) • 99% under 100 (SME) • 69% of employees • 94% under 20 • 40% of employees • 86% under 10 • 33% of employees (June 2005)

  39. Hong Kong … • Free-lancers 220,000 estimated vis-à-vis 2,200,000 in registered companies

  40. The United States Business Enterprises • 98% under 100 • 86% under 20 National Bureau of Economic Research, 2002

  41. Post-industrial: Workplace Project Groups/Task Forces Small Enterprises Free-lancers The Civil Service (Traditional)

  42. Post-industrial: SMEs

  43. Post-industrial: Large Organisations Project Groups Task Forces Production Teams Client Groups “Accounts” Deal Team