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  1. Drug Free UNIT

  2. The Truth About Drugs • Our Drug Culture- • Why People Take Drugs- • How Drugs Work- • How Drugs Affect the Mind-

  3. The Truth About Drugs • Our Drug Culture- Drugs have been a part of our culture since the middle of the last century due to the media making them popular in the 1960’s. About 208 million people consume illegal drugs internationally. The most common used and abused drug is alcohol and the most common used drug illegally is marijuana. • Why People Take Drugs- Drugs are taken for many different reasons, some being: to fit in, to escape or relax, to relieve boredom, to seem grown up, to rebel, or to experiment. • How Drugs Work- The amount of the drug taken determines the intensity of the effects. Small amounts will stimulate, larger amounts sedate, and even larger amounts can kill. Drugs directly affect the mind and distort perception. They block off all senses and provide short term help, but long term damage. • How Drugs Affect the Mind- Drugs blur the memory and slow down thought processes. The user will feel like a failure due to this and then in turn use more drugs to try and help this feeling go away, resulting in a vicious cycle.

  4. The Truth About Drugs • Drug Name: Prescription Drugs • Classification: • Street Names: • Methods of use: • How does it affect the body? • Short-term effects: • Long-term effects: • Statistics: • How addictive is it?

  5. Drug Name: Prescription Drugs • Classification: Depressants/Stimulants/Opioids/ Antidepressants • Street Names: Candy, Reds, Forget-me-pill, China Girl, Black Beauties • Methods of use: Orally, Snorted, Injected • How does it affect the body? They each have different affects on a person’s body. • Short-term effects: Fatigue, paralyzing effects, slowed breathing, exhaustion, and sweating • Long-term effects: Serious withdraw symptoms, cold flashes, hostility, suicidal thoughts, and comas • Statistics: • Everyday in the U.S. 2,500 youth abuse a prescription pain reliever for the 1st time. • In 2006 in the U.S., 2.6 million people abused prescription drugs for the 1st time. • A 2007 survey in the U.S. found that 3.3%of 12 to 17 year olds and 6% of 17 to 25 year olds had abused prescription drugs in the past month. • In 2005, 4.4 million teenagers in the U.S. admitted to taking prescription painkillers, and 2.3 million took a prescription stimulant such as Ritalin. 2.2 million abused over the counter drugs such as cough syrup. The average age for 1st time users is now 13 to 14. • Prescription drug abuse causes the largest percentage of deaths from drug overdosing. Of the 22,400 drug overdose deaths in the U.S. in 2005, opioid painkillers were the most commonly found drug, accounting for 38.2% of these deaths. • How addictive is it? They gradually become more addictive when the person using them becomes dependant. The Truth About Drugs

  6. The Truth About Drugs • Drug Name: Painkillers • Classification: • Street Names: • Methods of use: • How does it affect the body? • Short-term effects: • Long-term effects: • Statistics: • How addictive is it?

  7. The Truth about Drugs • Drug name: Painkillers • Classification: Opiods • Street names: Hillbilly heroin, Vikes, loads, pancakes and syrup, perks. • Methods of use: orally. • How does it affect the body? They interfere with the nerves that transfer pain. • Short term effects: Vomiting, Constipation, Dizziness, Headaches, Dry mouth. • Long term effects: Increased tolerance, requiring higher doses to feel "normal" or high, Increased risk of heart attack, Coma, Death. • Statistics: • 50% of teens think painkillers are safer than illegal drugs. • In 2007 2.5 million Americans abused painkillers for the first time, compared to the 2.1 million for Marijuana. • ½ of teens that are abusing prescription drugs are abusing painkillers. • 1 in 10 highschoolers admits to abusing painkillers. • Misuse count as ¾ of the over all problem of pain killer abuse. • How addictive is it? Some are highly addictive while others are moderate.

  8. The Truth About Drugs • Drug Name: Ritalin • Classification: • Street Names: • Methods of use: • How does it affect the body? • Short-term effects: • Long-term effects: • Statistics: • How addictive is it?

  9. Drug Name: Ritalin Type: Stimulate Street Names: Smarties, Skittles, Rid, Diet Coke, R-Ball Methods of Use: Pills, Injected, Snorted Affects on the Body: Serious damage to the lungs and eyes Short Term Effects: Loss of appetite, Nausea, Panic, Increased heart rate, Insomnia Long Term Effects: Depression, Psychosis, Malnutrition, Respiratory Problems, Stroke Stats: 35 Million stimulant prescriptions in US 2007 13 times more Ritalin users checked into the ER in 2004 than 1990; From 1990-2000, 186 deaths in the US were linked to Ritalin; Since 1995 it has ranked “most stolen” drug; In 2007 3.8% of 12th graders used at least once; An 80% increase of use over the past 7 years Addiction Levels: Low The Truth About Ritalin Abuse

  10. The Truth About Drugs • Drug Name: Ecstasy • Classification: • Street Names: • Methods of use: • How does it affect the body? • Short-term effects: • Long-term effects: • Statistics: • How addictive is it?

  11. The Truth About Drugs • Drug name: Ecstasy • Classification Type: stimulant • Street Names: E, XTC, hug, Adam, beans • Methods of Use: orally as pill • Short Term Effects: impaired judgment, false sense of affection, confusion, depression, sleep problems, severe anxiety, paranoia, drug craving, muscle tension, involuntary teeth clenching, nausea, blurred vision, faintness, chills or sweating • Long Term Effects: long-lasting and perhaps permanent damage to the brain affecting judgment and thinking ability • Statistics: 12.4 million Americans aged 12 or older tried ecstasy at least once, representing 5% of the US population in that age group. 2.3% of eighth graders, 5.2% of tenth graders and 6.5% of twelfth graders had tried ecstasy at least once. 92% of those who begin using ecstasy later turn to other drugs including marijuana, amphetamines, cocaine and heroin. • How addictive is it? It is moderately addictive. It is addictive more emotionally and socially than physically.

  12. The Truth About Drugs • Drug Name: LSD • Classification: • Street Names: • Methods of use: • Short-term effects: • Long-term effects: • Statistics: • How addictive is it?

  13. The Truth About Drugs • Drug name: LSD • Classification Type: hallucinogen • Street Names: acid, loony toons, window pane, Lucy in the sky with diamonds, superman • Methods of Use: taken as a pill, eaten, drank • Short Term Effects: dilated pupils, higher or lower body temperature, sweating or chills, loss of appetite, sleeplessness, dry mouth, tremors, delusions, visual hallucinations, artificial sense of euphoria or certainty, distortion of one’s sense of time and identity, impaired depth perception, impaired time perception, distorted perception of the size and shape of objects, movements, color, sound, touch, and the user’s own body image, severe, terrifying thoughts and feelings, fear of losing control • Long Term Effects: panic attacks, flashbacks or a recurrence of the LSD trip without warning long after taking LSD, severe depression or psychosis • Statistics: In Europe, as many as 4.2% of those aged 15 to 24 have taken LSD at least once. The percent of seniors who tried LSD at least once rose from 4.4% in 1985 to 8.4% in 1997. In 1997, 13.6% of seniors had experimented with LSD at least once in their lives. As of 2008, 3.1 million people in the US aged 12 to 25 said they had used LSD. LSD is 100 times more potent than hallucinogenic mushrooms. • How addictive is it? LSD is moderately addictive.

  14. The Truth About Drugs • Drug Name: Inhalants • Classification: • Street Names: • Methods of use: • How does it affect the body? • Short-term effects: • Long-term effects: • Statistics: • How addictive is it?

  15. The Truth About Drugs • Drug name: Inhalants • Classification: depressant • Street names: oz, hardware, toilet water, aroma of a man • Methods of use: Inhaled, Huffing • How does it affect the body? Can cause damage to the heart, kidney, brain, liver, bone marrow, and other organs. • Short term : slurred speech, drunk appearance, rashes around nose and mouth, severe headaches, lack of coordination • Long term: brain damage, muscle weakness, death, learning delays, hearing loss, bone marrow damage, irritability • Statistics: 22% of inhalant abusers who died from sudden death syndrome had no history of inhalant abuse---they were first time users. 593,000 teens in the U.S use inhalants. On state in the U.S. had 3,800 trips to the emergency room due to inhalants. By the time a kid reaches the 8th grade one in five will have used inhalants. 22% of inhalant abusers who died has no history of previous inhalant abuse. • How addictive is it? They can be addictive. Users report a strong urge to continue using inhalants ,especially after continued usage over many days

  16. The Truth About Drugs • Drug Name: Alcohol • Classification: • Street Names: • Methods of use: • How does it affect the body? • Short-term effects: • Long-term effects: • Statistics: • How addictive is it?

  17. The Truth About Drugs • Drug name: Alcohol • Classification: Depressant • Street names: Booze • Methods of use: Oral/Drink • How does it affect the body? • Short term : slurred speech, drowsiness, vomiting, coma, upset stomach • Long term: liver disease (cirrhosis), nerve damage, sexual problems ,ulcers, cancer, addition, memory loss. • Statistics: 39% of all traffic deaths involved alcohol. 40% of violent crime occur under the influence of alcohol. There are 1.4 million drunk driving arrests in the U.S every year. Alcohol kills more teenagers than all other drugs. • How addictive is it? Moderate, to Highly

  18. The Truth About Drugs • Drug Name: Steroids • Classification: Schedule III (Limited Medical Uses) Hallucinogens • Street Names: • Methods of use: • Short-term effects: • Long-term effects: • Statistics: • How addictive is it?

  19. Steroids

  20. The Truth About Drugs • Drug Name: Heroin • Classification: • Street Names: • Methods of use: • How does it affect the body? • Short-term effects: • Long-term effects: • Statistics: • How addictive is it?

  21. The Truth About Drugs • Drug name: Heroin • Classification: Sedative/Opaite • Street names: Big H, H, Junk, Horse, Smack • Methods of use: Injection, Smoked, Sniffed • Short term affects: Sensation of being high, sensation of being sexual and being able to communicate with others. • Long term affects: bad teeth, cold sweats, coma, itching, repertory illness, partial paralyses and weakening of the immune system • Statistics:9.2 million people use Heroin. In 2007 93% of the worlds opium came from Afghanistan. The export value is $4 billion. There are 153,000 current Heroin users in the U.S. Heroin is involved in 4 of every 5 drug-related death. • How addictive is it? It id highly addictive and extremely painful. This drug quickly breaks down the immune system, leaving one sickly, extremely thin, boney and dead.

  22. The Truth About Drugs • Drug Name: Cocaine • Classification: • Street Names: • Methods of use: • Short-term effects: • Long-term effects: • Statistics: • How addictive is it?

  23. The Truth About Drugs • Drug name: Cocaine • Classification: stimulant • Street names: Aunt Nora, Mojo, Charlie, Toot, C • Methods of use: snorting ,injecting, inhaling through vapors • Short term affects: loss of appetite, dilated pupils, nausea, panic, intense drug craving, depression • Long term affects: high blood pressure, strokes, liver damage , severe depression, death • Statistics: 35.3 people over 12 have used cocaine. 8.5% of high school seniors have used cocaine in there early lives. It is the most frequently mentioned illegal drug.448,441 emergency visits due to cocaine. Cocaine is the second most trafficked illegal drug in the world • How addictive is it? Cocaine is highly addictive. Next to methylamine it is the greatest physiological dependence of any drug.

  24. The Truth About Drugs • Drug Name: Crack • Classification: • Street Names: • Methods of use: • How does it affect the body? • Short-term effects: • Long-term effects: • Statistics: • How addictive is it?

  25. Drug Name: Crack Type: Stimulant Street Names: Rocks, Sleet, Ball, Base, Beat Methods of Use: Smoke, Inject, Snort Affects on the Body: Liver, Kidney, Lung Damage Short Term Effects: Loss of appetite, increased heart rate, nausea, paranoia, panic Long Term Effects: Severe chest pain, Respiratory failure, Psychosis, Severe Depression, Tooth Decay Stats: 49.8% of those arrested in Atlanta had used crack in the past; 11.6% of those arrested in Honolulu had used crack in the past month; In 2007, 5477 people were found guilty of crack-cocaine related crimes; 95% of those were involved in trafficking; In 2006, 20 poor European countries reported that only 2% of drug problems included crack-cocaine Addiction Levels: Highly The Truth About Crack

  26. The Truth About Drugs • Drug Name: Marijuana • Classification: • Street Names: • Methods of use: • Short-term effects: • Long-term effects: • Statistics: • How addictive is it?

  27. The Truth About Drugs • Drug name: Marijuana • Classification: Depressant • Street names: Mary Jane, Texas Tea, Roach, Weed, Grass, Reefer, Buddha, BUD • Methods of use: Smoked from a cigarette or a pipe. It can be mixed with food or brewed with tea. • How does it affect the body? Within minutes it increases the heart rate. You have less coordination. • Short term affects: panic, anxiety disorders, poor movement, increased heart beat, dissertation • Long term: growth disorders, personality changes, study difficulties, cannot understand things clearly • Statistics: over 94 million people in the U.S have admitted to using marijuana. 2.1 million people have abused Marijuana for the first time. 242,200 emergency visits to the hospital. 40% of males that are arrested for a crime test positive for Marijuana. Next to alcohol, Marijuana is mostly found in dead bodies from a car wreck. • How addictive is it? Its addictive but not as addictive as the others

  28. The Truth About Drugs • Drug Name: Crystal Meth • Classification: • Street Names: • Methods of use: • How does it affect the body? • Short-term effects: • Long-term effects: • Statistics: • How addictive is it?

  29. The Truth About Drugs • Drug name: Crystal Meth • Classification: stimulant • Street names: fast , cinnamon, redneck cocaine, stove top, Tina • Methods of use: it can be snorted, smoked, or injected • How does it affect the body? Creates a false since of well-being and energy. • Short term: loss of appetite, seizures, nausea, disturbed sleep patterns • Long term: liver damage, kidney damage, lung damage, depression, weight loss • Statistics: 13 million people over the age of 12 have used meth. 4.5% of seniors have used meth. 4.1% of sophomores have used meth. the drug is widely abused in the Czech republic. There are 24.7 million abusers of the drug in the united nation. • How addictive is it? Very addictive. People get addicted to it in one try.