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High School and University: How they relate关于高中和大学 Peter Xu and Harry Yu
About Us • Attended: • Grades 6 to 8: Cummer Valley M.S. (Gifted Program) • Grades 9 to 10: Marc Garneau C.I. (TOPS Program) • Grades 11 to 12: Don Mills C.I. (Gifted Program) • University: Yale University (B.S. in Computer Science)
你为什么想来听这个讲座啊？ Why are you here?
How? Why? What if you can’t? 上不了呢？ 怎么上？ 为什么上？
High School • Goals
High School • Goals Steps for getting into a good university. Learning a lot. Being curious. Having fun. Developing your character and becoming a better person (actually!)
Learning a Lot: Academics • Harvard-recommended: • 4 years of math • MIT: Requires Calculus • 4 years of science • MIT: 1 year of each of the 3 sciences (Grade 11) • 3 years of history • MIT: 2 years • 4 years of foreign language (French) • MIT: not required • Rigour • Academic < Enriched = Gifted < IB/AP • Do not sacrifice more than 5% for a more rigorous course, unless you are actually learning. • Highest level available. • Marks • Range: preferably >90 • Rank in top 10% • Not declining
Learning a Lot: Academics • What? • Learn how to write! 学写作！ • Write something daily. Write a diary or blog (about music, anime, video games, whatever). Write love notes, emails to friends, anything! • Learn programming! 学编程！ • Do it. Seriously. Even if you forget everything else. • Learn math, especially statistics! 学数学，特别统计！ • Learn sciences: find one you’re interested! • Chemistry for us.
Learning a Lot: Academics • How? • Learn on your own. 自学。 • Be nice to your teachers. They’re interesting people too! 对你的老师好一点：他们也是挺有趣的人哦！
Showing What You Learned • Do competitions • Shows interest • Shows academic ability (if you’re good at some of them) Nice to do, regardless of skill • Common: math • Other great options: • Physics: CAP, OAPT, AAPT, SIN • Chemistry: CCO, Avogadro & Chem-13 • Biology: CBO, National BioComp • Computing: CCC Approximate
Competitions • If your school doesn’t have it and you want to do it • Do invest time in preparing • Others: • French • Philosophy • English speaking • Science fair • Tournament of Towns • Linguistics • Arts • Design/Engineering
Extracurricular Activities:In-School • Sports! • Common clubs and activities • Reach for the Top • DECA • Newspapers • Yearbook • Student government • Don’t have it? Make it! • Be willing to try new things多试试新的活动 • Music and shows • Debate!!! (public speaking, logic) • Robotics • Model UN • Academic (science, language) clubs
Extracurricular Activities:Out of school • Volunteering • Hospitals/Health care providers • Community organizations • YMCA • Toronto Youth Cabinet • Cultural organizations • Churches • Camps
Being Curious and Having Fun • Do something interesting! • 做件有趣的事！什么都行！
But Wait? What about Universities?大学呢？ Universities mostly look for students who are: • Academically capable • Otherwiseskilled • Interesting • Curious about the world 大学求： • 会学习的学生 • 有特长的学生 • 有趣的学生 • 对世界好奇的学生
Why? 为什么？ Because those are good traits to have anyways! Je ne regretterien: No Regrets
Reason 1: Resources $4,500 per student abroad
Resources on Campus • Recent Master’s Tea Guests: • 2011-2012 • Fran Kranz - Actor (and former Morsel) • Gretchen Morgenson - Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist, writes Market Watch column for the New York Times • James Stoller - Physician, Cleveland Clinic • Uta Werner - Chief Strategy Officer and VP of Xerox • Jonathan Silverman - Biographer of Johnny Cash • Carl Zimmer - Award-winning author on the topics of science, evolution, and parasites • Steven Brill - Author of “Class Warfare: Inside the Fight to Fix America’s Schools” • Nicholas Christakis - Physician and social scientist, author of Connected: The Surprising Power of Our Social Networks and How They Shape Our Lives • David Dobbs -Author on the topics of science, medicine, and culture • David Litt - Speech, op-ed, and joke writer for Barack Obama and senior White House staff • Susumu Ito - World War II Veteran, biologist, & Harvard Medical School Professor • Klaus Kleinfeld – CEO Of Alcoa Inc. • Martina Gmur - Director of the Network of Global Agenda Councils, World Economic Forum • Marina Belica and Julie Flanders - Musicians, October Project
Reason 2: Community Italian & Political Science Environmental Engineering Mechanical engineering Biomedical Engineering Geology Physics History Art
Community Diversity Organizing service trips Random art projects! Cultural groups Powerlifting Conducting Rock climbing A capella Dance
Why it’s easier to build communities Us Top Universities Canada Students usually only live on campus for one year Classes shrink in later years, and often remain large Meal plans are optional Student organizations have decent resources Yep, Canada has parties too >5,000 students per year Students often are required to live on campus for multiple years Classes are small even in early years Meal plans are required or popular Student organizations have incredible resources More parties! <2,000 students per year
Reason 3: Reputation • Meeting people • Finding jobs • Having options • … and more!
It’s Fun! • Almost no one regrets going to a top school in the US
Picking a University大学选择 • Why are you going to university? • 你为什么上大学？
Picking a University大学选择 Canadian 加拿大大学 American 美国大学 Liberal arts: often first, second year without major Can take many non-major courses On-campus housing (for all four years for many top-tier schools) Mix of lectures and seminars • Choose major immediately • Almost all courses in major • Live on-campus only for freshman year; little on-campus housing • Large lectures • Undergraduate business and accounting programs; co-op
Picking a University大学选择 • Reflect on your goals • Know your academic interests (leave space for exploration) • Research, research, research! • Visit the campus early (strongly recommended) • Look into overnight stays on campus (with friends or acquaintances, admissions-office arranged) • “A day in the life”
Aspects to Consider必考虑方面 • Brand name • Quality of life and culture • Urban vs. rural • Athletics and fraternities (“big state school”) • Extracurriculars (though most schools have most things) • Degree of self-segregation and mixing • Resources • Career prospects
Applying申请 • Apply to lots! • More information to come.
Soapbox: American Universities我的意见：美国大学 • Yale is the best! • Brand name, atmos., everything • Harvard • Brand-name, but higher pressure, lower quality of life, less undergraduate focus. • Stanford: Great weather, tech • MIT: Many quirky and great aspects • Princeton: undergraduates; tough grading, but about to change • Williams, Wellesley, Liberal Arts Colleges • Consider these!
Soapbox: Canadian Universities我的意见：加拿大大学 • Waterloo • Great if you’re interested in non-medicine, highly lucrative professional • Accounting, Engineering, Software • Toronto • Great for research, humanities • Best-known • Business schools: • University of Western Ontario: Ivey • Queens: Commerce • York University: Schulich • Toronto: Rothman • McGill • Good, smaller well-rounded school • Fewer research opportunities • LifeSci schools: • Queen’s, McMaster
Making the decision to attend • Considerations, and: • Compare aid offers (and inform schools) • Special programs/scholarships • Visit during visiting days • Atmosphere is important • Consider also visiting during low-season (January, February) • Talk to students, alumni, faculty, admin • Friends, classmates can help a small bit too • CollegeConfidential.com Advice on CollegeConfidential
Financial Aid • Don’t worry: No one left behind in many schools • Cost: Max $58,000 for 1 years and increasing • Income • <40~60K = (Nearly) Free • Between 60K and 100K = Cheap (no more than usual Canadian universities) • > 100K = larger percentage of tuition
Evaluation of Need • Financial Aid is purely based on your need of funding, not your merit • You submit: • T1 forms • CSS Profile (CollegeBoard) • Offers are calculated using set formulae • See online calculators • # of children, etc. are considered • Can ask for more in some cases
Need aware and need blind • Need blind: • College does not consider how much financial aid it will have to give you when making acceptance decisions • Need aware is the opposite • NB/NA is largely based on endowment • Policy could change over years
Need-blind is fine Unlimited Limited – does not always give enough to satisfy full needs Cornell • Yale • Harvard • MIT • Princeton • University of Pennsylvania (Canada!) • Amherst • Dartmouth • University of Chicago