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The European Theater World War II. Italian Invasion. Sicily July 10, 1943 Mussolini fired, arrested, rescued, killed Invasion of Italian mainland September 3, 1943 Italy surrenders Sept. 8 German troops move into Italy to protect Germany. D-Day Preparation Operation Fortitude.

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italian invasion
Italian Invasion
  • Sicily July 10, 1943
  • Mussolini fired, arrested, rescued, killed
  • Invasion of Italian mainland September 3, 1943
  • Italy surrenders Sept. 8
  • German troops move into Italy to protect Germany
d day preparation operation fortitude
D-Day PreparationOperation Fortitude
  • Fake landing to fool the Germans (The Atlantic Wall)
  • Pas-de-Calais landing site
  • Inflatable ships, landing craft, and tanks
  • Fake radio messages sent
  • Patton to command invasion
d day landings
D-Day Landings
  • Operation Overlord
  • Commanded by Dwight Eisenhower (Supreme Allied Commander)
  • Dependent on weather (full moon and spring tide)
  • Codenames: Gold, Sword, Utah, Omaha, and Juno
  • Planned for June 5, 1944 carried out on June 6, 1944
first troops in france
First Troops in France
  • Airborne divisions to take out artillery
  • Not very effective because of mistakes on drops
  • Pegasus Bridge
  • Sainte-Mere-Eglise-first town liberated in the invasion
invasion
Invasion
  • Largest massing of troops in history
  • German defenses (obstacles, bunkers, machine guns, mines, and artillery)
  • Massive bombing to destroy German positions
  • Hitler positioned tanks throughout northern France for a counterattack after the Allied invasion
battle of the bulge
Battle of the Bulge
  • December 16, 1944-January 7, 1945
  • German counterattack in the Belgian Ardennes Forest
  • Americans surprised and surrounded
  • Montgomery and Patton push Germans back
life on the front
Life on the Front
  • Freezing temperatures and snow
  • Lack of supplies
  • Constant shelling
  • Thick forest
  • Very close to German lines
the war in the air
The War in the Air
  • Air Superiority
  • Not accurate, no guidance, night bombing
  • Strategic bombing of industry and transportation
  • Forced Germans to place resources closer to Berlin
  • Devastated German cities
the fall of berlin
The Fall of Berlin
  • Attack led by Soviets
  • Hitler encouraged all to resist invasion
  • Lack of manpower, Hitler Jugend
  • Constant bombing
  • Germans surrender the city on May 2, 1945
hitler s death
Hitler’s Death
  • April 30, 1945 in Berlin bunker
  • Married Eva Braun
  • Poisoned Eva and dog
  • Either shot or poisoned himself
  • Last meal spaghetti, talked about dog breeding and lipstick
karl doenitz
Karl Doenitz
  • Hitler’s successor
  • Forced to an unconditional surrender on May 7, 1945.
  • V-E Day “Victory in Europe”
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