Research Seminar for Rookies Power and Energy System Roadmap – Current Status and Future Research Prof. Norman Mariun PhD, PEng, FIEM, SMIEEE (USA) Head, CAPER Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia 27 March 2014 Universitas Brawijaya Malang, Indonesia
Presentation Outline • Introduction – Ta’arof • Life as a lecturer • What is research? • Why do research? • When to do research? • How to do research? • Where to do research? • Who is involve in research? • Some definition • A bit of advice • The Roadmap: Power and Energy System • Formation of Research Workgroups • CAPER as an example
“Kalau tak kenal maka tak cinta” Position • Head, Centre for Advanced Power and Energy Research (2012-2016) • Director, UKM Perunding Jurutera dan Akitek (2008-2012) • Director of RMC, UPM (2010-2012) • Deputy Director of RMC, UPM (2009-2010) • Past Deputy Dean of Graduate Studies & Research (2004-2009) • Past HoD KEE (2000-2004) UPM Awards • 3 time Excellence Service Award (1996, 1998, 2004) • Excellent Researcher Award Year 2006 Active with IEEE, EAC, MQA and IEM • IEEE MGA Geographic Unit Support Committee Worldwide • IEEE Power & Energy Soc Section-Chapter Relation Chair Worldwide • IEEE Asia & Pacific Region Exec Committee • Past Chair, IEEE Malaysia Section (2005-2007) • Chair, IEEE Malaysia Power and Energy Society (2001-2003) • Member of Board of Examiner IEM International Research Award • Gold Medal, BIS, London, U Kingdom 2005 • Gold Medal,EUREKA, Brussels, Belgium 2006 • Gold Medal,INPEX, Pittsburgh, USA 2007 • Gold Medal,IENA, Nuremburg, Germany 2008 • Gold Medal, Innova, Brussels, Belgium 2009
Can I know you? Your name, family, interest, strength (physically, mentally, spritually)
Life as a lecturer Core responsibilities: teaching, research and publication, professional services.
In searching for balance 1. Right Mindset2. Clear Targets3. A System that Works for You
“The good commander seeks virtues and goes about disciplining himself according to the laws so as to effect control over his success” Sun Tzu
Shit Management Story... A little bird was flying south for the winter. It was so cold, the bird froze and fell to the ground in a large field. While it was lying there, a cow came by and dropped some dung on it. As the frozen bird lay there in the pile of cow dung, it began to realize how warm it was. The dung was actually thawing him out! He lay there all warm and happy, and soon began to sing for joy. A passing cat heard the bird singing and came to investigate. Following the sound, the cat discovered the bird under the pile of cow dung, and promptly dug him out and ate him! Management Lessons: 1) Not everyone who drops shit on you is your enemy. 2) Not everyone who gets you out of shit is your friend. 3) And when you're in deep shit, keep your mouth shut!
"Just So Stories"by Rudyard Kipling I keep six honest serving-men(They taught me all I knew);Their names are What and Why and WhenAnd How and Where and Who.I send them over land and sea,I send them east and west;But after they have worked for me,I give them all a rest.
What is research? Ten views of research • Research is about proving your pet theories • Research is something done by academics or experts • Research is about establishing the facts • Research is objective • Research is about justifying what your funder wants to do • Research is able to prove anything you want • Research is time-consuming • Research is scientific • Research is removed from reality • Research is not able to change anything Blaxter, L, Hughes, C, Tight, M, How to research, Open University Press, 2001
What is research? • Finding out something you don’t know • The what questions – intelligence gathering • The why questions – research • Goes beyond description and requires analysis • Planned, cautious, systematic and reliable ways of finding out or deepening understanding. • Looks for: explanations, relationships, comparisons, predictions, generalizations and theories.
Definition by OECD: “.. Research and experimental development includes creative work carried out in a systematic way to increase knowledge, including human knowledge, culture and society, and the use of these knowledge for new application….” OECD – Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development
Characteristic of scientific research The distinctive characteristic of scientific research is the maintenance of records and careful control or observation of conditions under which the phenomena are studied so that others will be able to reproduce the observations. When the person conducting the research varies the conditions beforehand in order to test directly the effects of changing conditions on the results of the observation, such investigation is called experimental research or experimentation or experimental science; it is often conducted in a laboratory.
Role of research …IS TO ENHANCE OR TO CONTRIBUTE NEW KNOWLEDGE THUS, ONE HAS TO BE : ‘THE SEEKER OF TRUTH’ AL-Ghazzali ‘THE PURSUANCE OF TRUTH’- Albert Einstein, John Nash ‘THE LOVER OF TRUTH’- Betrand Russell
Why you want to do research? List 10 reasons why you want to do research. Time given is 3 minutes
RESEARCH What made HARVARD, MIT and CALTECH the top ranked universities in the world?
CITATIONS for TOP UNIVERSITIES ISI Citation For Five Years Publication (2001-2005)
Why do research? • More knowledgeable in our field • University’s mission • Nation building • To be a millionaire • Promotion – to be a Professor BECAUSE WE ARE LECTURERS!!!
Why? • Publish or Perish • Promotion Requirements • Publicity for Oneself • Publicity for the Department • Publicity for the University
To be a Professor CIJ h-index Citation
Your research is complete only after the results are published!! RESEARCH
PUBLISH, DON’T PERISH No short-cut to climbing the academic ladder other than publish, publish, publish……
TAKE A BREAK “Conversation between supervisor and student” Q: What happened to your paper? A: Almost ready, Sir
Why? • Invited Seminar • Invited Paper at a Conference • To Attract New Research Students and Research Assistants • To Generate a Track Record in Research
Why? • To Generate Research Funding • To be Invited onto Editorial Boards of Learned Journals • To be Invited onto Research Councils • To be Invited onto Government Agencies
When? • As Early as Possible in Ones Career • When there is Something Worth Researching • Before a Competitor(s) • By Invitation – Internal or External
When? • Certain amount of time must be allocated • Teaching load is no excuse not to do research • Sabbatical leave • Study leave • Research leave
How? • Get into a research group. • Collaborate with like minds. • Organise research events on our research topics and invite other researchers from outside to participate in the event.
How? • IN RESEARCH TOPICS YOU KNOW BEST Instigate Research Projects at Undergraduate Level MSc Dissertations PhD Theses
How? • IN RESEARCH TOPICS YOU WISH TO GET INVOLVED Read the Literature Instigate Research Projects at Undergraduate Level And MSc Dissertations
How? • OBTAIN RESEARCH FUNDING Departmental University Research Councils Ministries Industrial International
How? • Complete Research Investigations in the Time Frame Allocated Generate Drafts of Research Papers USE Undergraduates and Postgraduates in the First Instance
Where? • Your own institution • Reputable or renown laboratory or university • Get as much info as you can via internet/brochures • If possible visit the lab - facilities • Talk/communicate with potential supervisors • Find out about the research culture
Who? • YOU and SUPERVISOR(S) Supervisory team at least 2 appropriate academics Select your supervisors carefully Have they produced research papers recently? Do they hold research grant or contracts? Is their lab efficiently organized? How close a relationship you want?
Who? • YOU and CO-RESEARCHERS Such as Undergraduates MSc Students PhD Students Research Assistants
Who? • YOU and CO-RESEARCHERS Such as Fellow Academics Industrial Partners International Collaborators
Who? • ALWAYS ACKNOWLEDGE The Funding Body The Technicians and anyone who has helped in the completion of the research project
Who? • YOU Individually working on a project BUT THIS MEANS ISOLATION (NOT A TEAM PLAYER) OR NOT ACKNOWLEDGING OTHERS and is not encourage in a research institution
Some definitions: Basic Fundamental Applied
Basic research Basic research is experimental or theoretical work undertaken primarily to acquire new knowledge of the underlying foundations of phenomena and observable facts, without any particular application or use in view.
Basic researchorfundamental research(sometimes pure research) is research carried out to increase understanding of fundamental principles. Many times the end results have no direct or immediate commercial benefits: basic research can be thought of as arising out of curiosity. However, in the long term it is the basis for many commercial products and applied research. Basic research is mainly carried out by universities.
Basic research advances fundamental knowledge about the human world. It focuses on refuting or supporting theories that explain how this world operates, what makes things happen, why social relations are a certain way, and why society changes.