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GLOBAL HAWK

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  1. GLOBAL HAWK

  2. Global Hawk:Current and Future Power Lt Col Dawson Oslund United States Air Force ICAF—Seminar 10 8 Feb 05

  3. Overview • Global Hawk Primer • Current Capabilities • Future Plans & Possibilities • Summary

  4. RQ-4A Global Hawk System Global Hawk: High-altitude, long-endurance capability providing intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance information

  5. Global Hawk Is an Integrated System

  6. Global Hawk Vehicle Size U-2 B-737 Global Hawk L e n g t h : 6 3 . 1 f e e t L e n g t h : 9 7 f e e t L e n g t h : 4 4 . 4 f e e t W i n g s p a n : 1 0 4 . 8 f e e t W i n g s p a n : 9 4 f e e t W i n g s p a n : 1 1 6 f e e t H e i g h t : 1 6 . 7 f e e t ( a t t a i l ) M a x T a k e o f f W t : 1 3 0 , 0 0 0 l b . H e i g h t : 1 5 . 2 f e e t ( a t t a i l ) 573 kts. TAS M a x T a k e o f f W t : 4 0 , 0 0 0 l b . L o i t e r S p e e d : M a x . T a k e o f f W t : 2 5 , 6 0 0 l b . 343 kts. TAS M a x i m u m S p e e d : 410 kts. TAS O p e r a t i o n a l C e i l i n g : 4 0 , 0 0 0 f e e t L o i t e r S p e e d : O p e r a t i o n a l C e i l i n g : o v e r 7 0 , 0 0 0 f e e t M a x U n r e f u e l e d R a n g e : 2 , 7 0 0 N M O p e r a t i o n a l C e i l i n g : 6 5 , 0 0 0 f e e t M a x U n r e f u e l e d R a n g e : o v e r 3 , 0 0 0 N M M a x U n r e f u e l e d R a n g e : o v e r 12,000 N M

  7. Why Global Hawk? Global Hawk Uniquely Provides Continuous Day/Night, High Altitude, All Weather Surveillance Reconnaissance in Direct Support of Allied Groundand Air Forces Across the Spectrum of Conflict Increases the Reach of Existing and Future Surveillance Systems Has Extraordinary Range and Endurance Fewer Number of Systems Required to MaintainGlobal ISR Coverage Altitude Speed(n.miles/hour) Endurance (hours)

  8. ORD KPPs Endurance - 28 hours • - Airspace Coordination - • worldwide employment Ground Station - operators • perform NRT mission control, monitoring and updates/ modifications Satisfy 100% of critical top • level IERs Global Hawk SystemRequirements/CONOPS

  9. Missions and Tasks • EO/IR/SAR Imagery • Signals Intelligence (Near Future) • Broad Area Scan • Narrow Area Loiter • Strike Targeting • Battle Damage Assessment • Rudimentary Ground Moving Target Indicator

  10. J F M A M J J A S O N D J F M A M J J A S O N D J F M A M J J A S O N D J F M A M J J A S O N D Delivery Schedule—Current Program FY05 PB—Lots 3-10 current projection Navy MCE Navy LRE Navy LRE Lot 1 Lot 2 CY03 Lot 1 Lot 2 CY03 CY04 J F M A M J J A S O N D J F M A M J J A S O N D AFMCE 1 AFLRE 1 AV1 AV3 AV6 AV7 No Sensor SAR Only EO/IR—Cong App EO/IR— Cong App P1 P2 AF3 AF4 N1 Lot 3 Lot 4 CY05 CY06 Lot 3 Lot 4 Lot 3 AFLRE 2 AFMCE 2 AFGS 3 N2 AF5 AF6 AF7 AF8 AF9 AF10 AF11 AF12 Lot 5 ISS—Lot 4 ISS—Lot 3 ISS—Lot 6 CY07 CY08 Lot 5 Lot 6 Lot 6 Lot 6 AFGS 4 AFGS 5 AFGS 6 AF13 AF14 AF15 AF16 AF17 AF18 AF19 AF20 AF21 AF22 AF23 AF24 Lot 7 CY09 CY10 Lot 7 Lot 7 Lot 8 Lot 8 J F M A M J J A S O N D J F M A M J J A S O N D AFGS 7 AFGS 8 AFGS 9 AFGS 10 AF25 AF26 AF27 AF28 AF29 AF30 AF31 AF32 AF33 AF34 AF35 AF36 CY11 CY12 Lot 8 Lot 9 Lot 10 J F M A M J J A S O N D J F M A M J J A S O N D AF37 AF38 AF39 AF40 AF41 AF42 AF43 AF44 AF45 AF46 AF47 AF48 AF49 AF50 AF51 EO/IR/SAR (Full ISS) Empty Filled w/ Sensor Later Lot SAR Filled w/ EO/IR Later Lot Full ISS w/ Clip-in Clip-in Filled w/ ISS Later Lot Full ISS w/ Hyperwide & HBS Full ISS w/ ASIP MP-RTIP Only

  11. Operation Enduring Freedom • GH in theater 11 Nov 01 - 28 Sep 02 • 63 combat missions • 1,237 combat flight hours • 17,338 images collected • 20+ program office and 30+ contractor • personnel deployed • CENTCOM Feedback • “… Global Hawk unmanned aerial vehicles have been proven to be invaluable in providing long dwell surveillance, tracking, positive identification, and collateral and strike damage assessment. … Global Hawk, for example, flew sorties approaching 30 hours in duration and imaged over 600 targets during a single mission over Afghanistan.” • Gen Tommy R. Franks, CINCUSCENTCOM, 2/27/02

  12. IR Image: Fortress 6NM SW of Mazar-E-Sharif, AF

  13. IR Image: Search of Tora Bora Cave Complex, AF 10 Dec 01 / 0200L Camp Fires and Cave Entrances Taliban Lookouts on Ridgeline Gunship Round Impacts

  14. Secondary Cave Venting Primary Hits IR Image: BDA from AC-130 Gunship Strike Tora Bora Cave Complex, AF 10 Dec 01 / 0200L

  15. IR Image: Eastern Afghanistan 02 May 02 / 0700L

  16. OEF Lessons • Two OCONUS deployments for the Global Hawk System was excessive • Real-Time secure communication between all players was essential • Needed capability to deconflict with other high-fliers • Contractor support was critical

  17. Decrease deployment footprint ASC-03-1562

  18. Real-time coordination between GH operators, imagery analysts, and CAOC ASC-03-1562

  19. U-2 Deconfliction and Cross-cueing ASC-03-1562

  20. Results REACHBACK • Two OCONUS deployments for the Global Hawk System was excessive • Real-Time secure communication capability was essential • Needed capability to deconflict with other high-fliers + SIPRNET CHAT + ADSI NEW CONOPS Reduced Kill Chain to Minutes

  21. Operation Iraqi Freedom • Aircraft in theater 8 March - 2 May 03 • Seamless integration into the war plan • Flew only 3% of air breathing Image Intelligence missions and 5% of hi-altitude reconnaissance sorties yet accounted for 55% of the Time Sensitive Targets (TSTs) generated to kill air defense equipment. Source: CAOC analysis • 16 combat missions - 357.2 combat flight hours • Over 4800 Images • 13 Full SAM Batteries • 50 SAM Launchers • 300 SAM Canisters • 70 SAM Missile Transporters • 300 tanks (38% of Iraq’s Known Armor) • “‘Global Hawk played an extraordinarily important role in focusing precision air power,’ an Air Force source said yesterday, estimating that it quickened the Republican Guard's defeat by several days and is responsible for scores of tank kills.” CAOC spokesman, 3 Apr 03 ASC-03-1562

  22. SAR Image: Western Iraq Highway Suspected SCUD Hide Sites SE of Afld H-2 19 Mar 03

  23. SAR Image: SA-3 Battery 10NM South of Baghdad 25 Mar 03 / 1530L

  24. EO Image: Ad Hoc BDA - Palace Northern Iraq 11 Apr 03 / 1545L

  25. Possible Future Vision

  26. Broad Area Maritime Surveillance (BAMS) • Study for NAVAIR • Proposed Mix of Manned and Unmanned Maritime Aircraft • HAE UAV to Provide Long Endurance Maritime Patrol Capability Global Hawk as Adjunct to Manned Multi-Role Maritime Aircraft (MMA) As Planned Replacement for P-3 and EP-3 Fleet

  27. Potential Roles for Maritime Global Hawk • Maritime Patrol & Surveillance • Anti-Surface Warfare - Targeting • Strike Support - • Target Location & Monitoring • Battle Damage Assessment • Threat Warning • Emitter Exploitation • Communications Relay

  28. Global Hawk USAF Possible Future Payloads MISSIONPOSSIBLE PAYLOADS Reconnaissance Surveillance Signal Intelligence Communications Relay Counter CCD Digital Mapping Chemical Detection TMD (Augment ABL) Other Potential Payloads ASARS Improvement Program (AIP)Airborne Targeting And Cross-Cueing System (ATACCS) Mono-static/Bi-static Radars: Passive, AWACS, & SpaceJSTARS Support Joint SIGINT Avionics Family (JSAF) Airborne Communications Node (ACN)Airborne Information Transfer (ABIT)Laser Communications Foliage Penetration Radar (FOPEN)Hyperspectral Sensors (SPIRITT) Rapid Terrain Visualization (RTV) Laser Remote Optical Sensing (LROS) Boost Phase Intercept (BPI) Support Airborne Laser TargetAirborne JammerNASA Environmental ResearchWeather NodeGPS Pseudolites

  29. Summary • Global Hawk is a futuristic system operating today • Current ops has just scratched the surface of Global Hawk’s capability • New sensors…new CONOPS…new missions—what’s next?