Relative Clauses. Stage 15. Study the following examples: ancilla urnam portabat . The slave-girl was carrying the jug. ancilla , quae post Salvium ambulabat , urnam portabat . The slave-girl, who was walking behind Salvius , was carrying the jug. What is a Relative Pronoun?.
The slave-girl was carrying the jug.
ancilla, quae post Salviumambulabat, urnamportabat.
The slave-girl, who was walking behind Salvius, was carrying the jug.
B. Relative pronouns have antecedents – words that they refer back to and agree with. For example:
vilicus, qui cum praecursoribusequitabat, ad Salviumrediit.
The farm manager, who was riding with the forerunners, returned to Salvius.
propeiuveneseratplaustrum, quod totamviamclaudebat.
Near the young men was a wagon, which was blocking the whole road.
In the first examples, the relative pronoun is
and it refers back to
which is its antecedent. In the second example the relative pronoun is
quod and its antecedent is
1. rex, qui sceptrumtenebat, in atriosedebat.
rex, quisceptrumtenebat, in atriosedebat.
The king, who was holding the scepter, was sitting in the atrium.
2. back to the antecedent, and translate the sentencevinum, quod Salviusbibebat, erat optimum.
vinum, quodSalviusbibebat, erat optimum.
The wine, which Salvius was drinking, was the best.
3. back to the antecedent, and translate the sentenceancillae, quae dominumtimebant, e villāfestinaverunt.
ancillae, quaedominumtimebant, e villāfestinaverunt.
The slave-girls, who were fearing the master, hurried out of the house.
4. back to the antecedent, and translate the sentencecanis, quemBregansducebat, ferocissimuserat.
canis, quemBregansducebat, ferocissimuserat.
The dog, whom (which) Bregans was leading, was very fierce.
5. in back to the antecedent, and translate the sentenceviāerant multi Britanni, qui Romanosimpediebant.
in viāerant multi Britanni, quiRomanosimpediebant.
Many Britons, who were delaying the Romans, were in the street.
6. back to the antecedent, and translate the sentencecena, quam Volubilisparabat, eratsplendida.
cena, quamVolubilisparabat, eratsplendida.
The dinner, which Volubilis was preparing, was splendid.