HUMAN WILDLIFE CONFLICT IN SAMBURU COUNTY: ONE HEALTH APPROACH TO AN INTEGRATIVE ECOSYSTEM STUDY. W.O. Ogara, G.Nduhiu , E.B. Ongoro UNIVERSITY OF NAIROBI, DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC HEALTH, PHARMACOLOGY AND TOXICOLOGY. OUTLINE. I. Introductory remarks (Definitions) 2. Study area
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W.O. Ogara, G.Nduhiu, E.B. Ongoro
UNIVERSITY OF NAIROBI, DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC HEALTH, PHARMACOLOGY AND TOXICOLOGY.
I. Introductory remarks (Definitions)
2. Study area
3. Conceptualization of Samburu integrative ecosystem study.
4. Study outputs
5. Carnivore in conflict project, objectives, insites and hindsites.
It is best put across as human and environmental ecosystem co-existing in a balance that keeps all of them healthy and living optimally.
Disturbance of one element affects the other components.
A holistic One health study approach in a ecosystem is thus desired.
Trans-disciplinaryWHAT IS TRANSDISCIPLINARITY: DEFINITION Ecosystem studies: Mono-, multi-, inter-, trans-disciplinary studies
“a new form of learning and problem solving involving cooperation among different parts of society and academia in order to meet complex challenges of society” (Julie Klein et al., 2001)
Faculteit der Aard- en Levenswetenschappen
Bimodal; March to April and Oct. to Nov.
Mean annual rainfall; 250 – 500mm.
Mean 18-200C. Minimum; 11- 140C
Varied; acacia spp, dry wood land, shrub-grassland.
Luvisos and Combisols
Main economical activity:
Predation on LivestockSTUDY AREA
Conceptualization of the IES (stepwise approach)1. Communities & stakeholders’ 2. Researchers & conservation groups 3. Communities, researchers & other stakeholders
Grazing land- prey base
Ngare Ndare forest
Shared environment by humans, carnivores, wild and domestic ungulates.
Through watering points, grazing fields and den site.
Zoonotic pathogens & diseases vectors spread across the shared ecosystem.
Determination of carnivores prey base by scat analysis in Samburu community group ranches in Kenya, AJEST Vol. 4(8), 540-546,2010, http://www.academicjournals.org/AJEST.
Joshua Orungo Onono, William Okelo Ogara, Samuel OyiekeOkuthe, Johnson GitahiNduhiu, Alfred OmwandoMainga, DorcasNduati. Challenges of camel production in Samburu District, Kenya. Journal of Camelid Science; 3(2010) 01-05. http://www.isocard.org.
Ongoro E B., Ontita E., Ogara W O., Oguge N O., (2010) Climate Change and the Emergence of Helter- Skelter Livelihoods in Samburu East District,Kenya. In, Experiences of Climate Change Adaptation in Africa pp97 – 110 Springer VerlagHeideberg 2011.
Thesis and projects
Identification of ticks collected from carnivore denning site in Samburu – Bsc. Student.
Assessing trade-offs between pastoral economy and wildlife conservation in the EwasoNyiro Basin, Northern Kenya. A case study of Naibunga and Namunyak conservancies – MSc student
Climate change – MSc student
Externant bone study collected at hyena dens in Samburu – PhD, ongoing
Emergent design and process facilitation
These underpin the concept of one-health
Characterize location and nature of livestock housing structure.
Characterize the nature and frequency of conflicts (depredation) per locality.
Characterize carnivore health parameters.
Characterize the KAP of community in relation to wildlife (feeding, migration & conflict areas).
Identify mitigation measures to recommend policy dimensions.
The authors acknowledge the following;
Kenya wildlife service
University of Nairobi-PHPT
Colleagues in the Department