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The Role of HR in future of Myanmar

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  1. The Role of HR in future of Myanmar Prof.Dr.AungTunThet

  2. “You can’t cross the sea, • by standing and staring at the water.”

  3. New MYANMAR • Democratically anchored • Economically vibrant • Socially inclusive • Environmentally sustainable

  4. ‘Myanmar Spring’ • Extraordinary, Unprecedented and Unimaginable! • Rapid speed of recent changes • Peaceful revolution • Top-down

  5. ‘Myanmar Spring’ • Brink of a momentous economic flowering • Most important period of political transition • Reconciliation and addressing long-neglected needs

  6. Today's Realities • Very interesting and exciting • Volatile and Chaotic

  7. Binding Constraint CAPACITY

  8. Role of HR CAPACITY DEVELOPMENT

  9. Capacity • Abilityof people, organizations and society • Manageaffairs successfully. …

  10. Capacity • Abilityof individuals, institutions, and societies • Perform functions • Solve problems • Set and achieve objectives • Sustainable manner …

  11. Capacity DEVELOPMENT (CD) • Process whereby people, organizations and society • Unleash, strengthen, create, adapt and maintaincapacity

  12. CD • National commitment to fighting poverty • Negotiate, manage, oversee and effectively utilize resources for human development

  13. CD • ‘Endogenous’ - domestically driven process • Indispensable for development effectiveness

  14. COUNTRY’s CAPACITY • Enabling environment • Organisations • Individual

  15. CD • More rigorous approach –more evidence-based • Mutual accountability • Knowledge services and learning, incentive systems • Institutional reform • Change management • Leadership development

  16. CD • Strengthened national or local capacities • Optimize existing capacities

  17. Why do we need CD?

  18. Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness • Signed by more than 100 multilateral and bilateral donors and developing countries • Capacityto plan, manage, implement, and account for results • Critical for achieving objectives

  19. Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness • Developing countries make capacity development a key goal of national development strategies

  20. CAPACITY • Cannot be imported • Developed from within • Donors acting as catalysts, facilitators, and brokers of knowledge and technique.

  21. CD • Heartof the Reform Agenda • Driver of aid effectiveness • Prescriptive policy • Incorporating into existing and new projects

  22. CD • Persistently fallen short of expectations • Why?

  23. WHY? • Lack of consensus • Operational definition • Results expected

  24. WHY? • Definitions very broad. • Lack of clarity • Difficult to evaluate outcomes and to understand impact

  25. CD EFFORTS

  26. CD Efforts • Not grounded in theory • No consistent conceptual frameworks

  27. CD Efforts • Vague • Processes of change not understood • Importance of strategy overlooked

  28. CD Efforts • Fragmented • Not founded on rigorous needs assessments • Do not include appropriate sequencing of measures

  29. CD Efforts • Comprehensive and sustained approach • Builds permanent capacity • Tools to track, monitor, and evaluate

  30. CAPACITY DEVELOPMENT FRAMEWORK (CDF)

  31. “Faith is the bird that feels the light and sings • when the dawn is still dark.”

  32. CDF • Priority strategies, initiatives and tools • Address national and local capacity needs • MDG-framed poverty reduction strategies

  33. CDF • Capacity assessments • Capacity development indicators

  34. CDF • Results-oriented approach • Learning

  35. CDF • Powerful new approach • Design, • Implementation, • Monitoring • Management • Evaluation

  36. CDF • Step-by-step guide to the planning, implementation, and evaluation • Build capacity for development at a national or sub-national level

  37. CDF • Various strands • Change theory • Capacity economics • Pedagogical science • Project management • Monitoring and evaluation

  38. CDF • Rigorous, practical instrument • Focus on capacity factors that impede the achievement of development goals • Learning interventions supporting locally driven change

  39. CDF • Addresses long-standing criticisms of capacity development work • Lack of clear definitions • Coherent conceptual frameworks • Effective monitoring of results

  40. CDF • Clarify objectives • Assess prevailing capacity factors • Identify appropriate agents of change and change processes • Guide the design of effective learning activities

  41. CDF • Results chain • Stakeholders think through and trace relationships • Broad range of situations and approaches to change management

  42. CDF • Key actors in the change process identified • Offered knowledge and tools • Experimentation and learning that promote harmonization

  43. CDF • Promotes a common and systematic approach to the identification, design, and monitoring and evaluation of learning • Raising the effectiveness of resources devoted

  44. CDF • Building capacity • Driving change • Achieving development goals • Iterative process

  45. CDF STEPS • Validategoals • Assess relevant capacity factors • Decide changes in capacity factors facilitated by learning • Specifyobjective(s) of the learning program • Identifyagents of change and envision the change process

  46. CDF STEPS • Setintended learning outcomes and indicators • Designactivities • Monitorlearning outcomes and adjust as necessary • Monitor targeted capacity factors and progress toward goals; adjust program as necessary • Assess achievement of learning outcomes and targeted changes

  47. KEY FEATURES • Transformationallearning interventions • Locally owned changes in sociopolitical, policy-related, and organizational factors • Individuals and groups of individuals agents of change

  48. KEY FEATURES • Instruments • Transformational role • Embedded learning interventions • Targeted individuals or groups

  49. Capacity development as a part of the development process GOAL CAPACITY Local ownership, effectiveness and efficiency of resource use Change LEARNING

  50. LEARNING • Lead to changes • Efficiency of policy and other formal incentive instruments • Improving clarity • Legitimacy • Resistance to corruption