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Antibiotics – Part 1: Chapter 38
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  1. Antibiotics – Part 1: Chapter 38

  2. What is an antibiotic? A medication that kills bacteria or slows their growth Are classified based on their based on their chemical structure Some common classes are sulfonamides, penicillins, cephalosporins, carbapenems, monobactams, macrolides & tetracyclines Act against types & species of different microorganisms that are infectious

  3. Bacterial Infection? • Microorganisms invade & multiply within a person and these signs & symptoms are commonly seen: • Fever • Chills & Sweats • Redness • Pain • Swelling • Fatigue • Weight loss • Increased WBC’s • Pus

  4. How do I know which antibiotic to take? • When a patient presents these signs and symptoms, they should seek medical attention • To begin the treatment of a bacterial infection, a broad spectrum antibiotic may be given • A culture which will identify the specific microorganism as either gram-positive or gram-negative should be ordered • Based on the results, an appropriate antibiotic may be prescribed to treat the unique microorganism that caused the infection

  5. Sulfonamides (Sulfa Drugs)

  6. Sulfonamides (Sulfa Drugs)

  7. Penicillins

  8. Cephalosporins

  9. Carbapenems

  10. Monobactams

  11. Macrolides (“mycins”)

  12. Tetracyclines

  13. Questions? Ask Mrs. Petges.Thank you!