RUSSIA. T he capital of Russia is…. MOSCOW. Russia is the largest country the world . Located in the northern and middle latitudes a of the Northern Hemisphere, most of Russia is much closer to the North Pole than to the equator.
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The capital of Russia is… MOSCOW
Russia is the largest countrythe world. Located in the northern and middle latitudes a of the Northern Hemisphere, most of Russia is much closer to the North Pole than to the equator. The country's 17.1 million square kilometers include one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area. Its European portion, which occupies a substantial part of continental Europe, is home to most of Russia's industrial and agricultural activity. It was here, roughly between the Dnieper River and the Ural Mountains, that the Russian Empire took shape. It is also located on the northernmost tip of Asia. Russia has boundaries with 14 countries: Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland(via the Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine,Georgia, Abkhazia, South Ossetia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, the People's Republic of China and North Korea.
The economy of Russia is the eleventh largesteconomy in the world by nominalvalue and the sixth largestby purchasing power parity (PPP).
Russia is the ninth most populous nation with 143million people. It extends across the whole of northern Asia and 40% of Europe, spanning nine time zones and incorporating a wide range of environments and landforms. Russia has the world's largest reserves of mineral and energy resources. It has the world's largest forest reserves and its lakes contain approximately one-quarter of the world's fresh water.
The rubleor rouble ( ISO 4217 Code : RUB ) is the currency of the Russian Federation and the two partially recognized republics of Abkhazia and South Ossetia. The ruble is subdivided into 100 kopeks Currently there is no official symbol for the ruble, though the abbreviation руб. is in wide use. Various symbols have been put forwardas possibilities, including: "РР" (Cyrillic for "RR"), an "R" with two horizontal strokes across the top (similar to the Philippine peso sign),₱, a "Р" with one horizontal strike. 1 Euro =40.20 RUB 1 RUB = 0.02 EUR
Educationin Russia is provided predominantly by the state and is regulated by the federal Ministry of Education and Science. Before 1990 the course of school training in Soviet Union was 10-years, but at the end of 1990 the 11-year course has been officially entered. Education in state-owned secondary schools is free; first tertiary (university level) education is free with reservations: a substantial share of students is enrolled for full pay. Male and female students have nearly equal shares in all stages of education,excepttertiary education where women lead with 57%. The literacy ratein Russia, according to the 2002 census, is 99.4% (99.7% men, 99.2% women). 16.0% of population over 15 years of age (17.6 million) have tertiary (undergraduate level or higher) education; 47.7% have completed secondary education (10 or 11 years); 26.5% have completed middle school (8 or 9 years) and 8.1% have elementary education. Highest rates of tertiary education, 24.7% are recorded among women aged 35–39 years (compared to 19.5% for men of the same age bracket).
Although the high price and scarcity of passenger automobiles required Soviet citizens to rely on public transportation, Soviet policy makers gave low priority to civilian transportation. Only 6Russian cities have underground systems—Moscow, St. Petersburg, Yekaterinburg, Nizhniy Novgorod, Novosibirsk, and Samara. The extensive and decorative Moscow subway system, built in the 1930s as a showpiece of Stalinist engineering, remains the most reliable and inexpensive means of transportation in the nation's capital. Elsewhere, buses are the main form of public transportation. In cities, tramways supplement bus service, accounting for one-third of the passenger-kilometers that buses travel.
Russia has a continental climate which is prevalent in European and Asian Russia except for the tundra and the extreme southeast. Continental climate is a climate that is characterized by important annual variation in temperature due to the lack of significant bodies of water nearby. Often winter temperature is cold enough to support a fixed period of snow each year, and relatively moderate precipitationoccurring mostly in summer.
Russia is mainly a northern country with long-lasting cold winter. The food should give us much energy and warmth to survive during the winter time. So, the essential components of Russian cuisine are the ones, which provide more carbohydrates and fat rather than proteins. Fresh fruits and vegetables are rarely used in food. So, the top five components of a Russian meal are potatoes, bread, eggs, meat(especially beef) and butter. Other popular foods include cabbage, milk, sour cream, curds, mushrooms, lard, cucumbers, tomatoes, apples, berries, honey, sugar, salt, garlic, and onions.
Soups have always played an important role in the Russian meal. • Russian soups can be divided into at least seven large groups: • Chilled soups based on kvass, such as tyurya, okroshka, and botvinya. • Light soups and stews based on water and vegetables. • Noodle soups with meat, mushrooms, and milk. • Soups based on cabbage, most prominently shchi. • Thick soupsbased on meat broth, with a salty-sour base like rassolnikand solyanka. • Fish soups such asukha. • Grain- and vegetable-based soups.
Many traditional drinks are indigenous to Russia and are not present in other national cuisines. The most notable of these are vodka, sbiten', kvass, medovukha and mors. Many of them are no longer common and have been replaced by drinks originating in Europe.
Shoes arealwaysremoveduponentering a privatehome (and aresometimesremoveduponenteringRussianmuseums). Slippersmaybegiventogueststowear. • PeopleshouldnevershowthesolesoftheirshoestoRussians; thisisconsideredgravedisrespect. Touristsshouldalwayssitsothesolesoftheirshoesfacethefloor. • A smallediblegift (wine, pastries, fruit) shouldalwaysbegiventohostswhenpeopleareinvitedoverfordinner. • WhenRussianpeoplegiveflowers, theynevergivetheminevennumbers (even-numberedbunchesofflowersarereservedforfunerals). • VisitorstoRussiashouldtrytorefrainfromsmilingtoomuchtoavoidattractingattention. • Americansinparticularshouldspeak a littlelowerthantheywouldintheirhomecountry; RussiansoftenremarkthattheirAmericanfriendsseemtobeshoutingwhentheyspeak.
RussiansfollowEuropeantablemanners--forkinlefthand, knifeinrighthand. • Singlewomenshouldavoidsittingatthecornerof a table; thisisconsidered bad luck. • Duringtraintravel, itisconsideredpolitefortravelerstosharealltheyhavewiththepeopleinthecarriage: food, drink and cigarettes. • Atoutdoormarkets, thereisquite a bitofjostling; thisisnormal. • Whenstandinginline, touristsshouldgetupquiteclosetothepersoninfrontofthem. Failuretodosowillleadlocalstobelievethatthetouristisnotinlineatall. • A littlebitofknowledgeoftheRussianlanguagewillgo a longway. Attheveryleast, touristsshouldlearntosay "Please" (Pazhalsta) and "ThankYou" (Spasiba).
Religions Russian Orthodox, Muslim, other Ethnic Make-up Russian 81.5%, Tatar 3.8%, Ukrainian 3%, Chuvash 1.2%, Bashkir 0.9%, Belarusian 0.8%, Moldavian 0.7%, other 8.1% (1989) Languages Russian and many minority languages Russian Pride . Russians are proud of their country.. Patriotic songs and poems extol the virtues of their homeland.. They accept that their lives are difficult and pride themselves on being able to flourish in conditions that others could not. . They take great pride in their cultural heritage and expect the rest of the world to admire it.
Russian fairytale Firebird
Pyotr Tchaikovsky Fyodor Dostoyevsky
A long and rich tradition of animation, which started already in the late Russian Empire…times.
Bolshoi Theatre Fyodor Dostoyevsky Fyodor Dostoyevsky
THANK YOU! St. Basil Cathedral