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Global Health Presentation AIDS/HIV. Allie Lyman Christine Kirt. Overview. AIDS/HIV Time line AIDS/HIV Incidence and Prevalence today Risk Groups Social Stigma Discrimination Solutions Is more aid the solution? Conclusion. HIV/AIDS. Human Immunodeficiency Virus

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global health presentation aids hiv

Global Health PresentationAIDS/HIV

Allie Lyman

Christine Kirt

overview
Overview
  • AIDS/HIV Time line
  • AIDS/HIV Incidence and Prevalence today
  • Risk Groups
  • Social Stigma
  • Discrimination
  • Solutions
  • Is more aid the solution?
  • Conclusion
hiv aids
HIV/AIDS
  • Human Immunodeficiency Virus
    • Destroys CD4+ Cells
  • Acquired Immune deficiency Syndrome
    • Late state of infection
history
History
  • 1959
    • First diagnosed case of AIDS
  • 1978
    • Heterosexual and Homosexual men
  • 1991
    • 10 Million are diagnosed with AIDS
  • 1 Million in America
why is it a problem
Why is it a problem?
  • 2007
    • 35,962 cases of AIDS were diagnosed
    • 14,110 deaths were reported in the United States
  • 2008
    • 2 million deaths worldwide
aids diagnoses in 2008 by race ethnicity

AIDS diagnoses in 2008 by race/ethnicity

Estimated adult and adolescent HIV diagnoses in 2008 by transmission route and gender

social stigma
Social Stigma
  • Uncontrollable Factors
    • Racism, homophobia, and misogyny
  • Controllable Factors
    • Prostitution and drug use
    • One third of countries don’t legally protect against AIDS discrimination
    • Low uptake of mother-to-child transmission
public health influence
Public Health Influence
  • AIDS was represented as…
    • Punishment, crime, war, horror and otherness
  • Grimm Reaper
    • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U219eUIZ7Qo&feature=player_embedded
discrimination
Discrimination
  • Government
  • Health Care
  • Employment
  • Restrictions on travel and stay
  • Community
  • Family
slide12
Government

Health Care

Lack of protective equipment

Lack of confidentiality

34% respondents from India, Thailand, Philippines, and Indonesia

  • One third of countries don’t protect people with HIV/AIDS
    • Uganda military
    • China mandatory testing
    • UK prosecution
slide13
Employment

Restrictions on Travel and Stay

60 countries/territories/ areas specifically deny entry

More countries don’t specify, but still deny

Deportation

Where do they end up?

Breach of confidentiality

Stamps on passports

  • Termination
  • Refusal of employment
slide14
Community

Family

Fear of loss of family and friends

Lack of unconditional love

Discrimination against the whole family

  • Forced to leave home, school, job, shopping facilities
    • Daily habits, events and activities change
  • 79% of people in global report discrimination
solutions
Solutions

Short Term

Long Term

Universal access to AIDS treatments

Botswana three year progress

Eliminate discriminating policies and laws

  • Generic versions of antiretroviral
    • Kenya, South Africa, Botswana
    • 2003 WHO targets low and middle-income countries
      • 2003 – 40,000 people
      • 2005 – 1.3 million people
  • Education
    • Public
    • Medical
conclusion
Conclusion
  • AIDS: a growing global problem
  • Reasons for continued spread
    • Stigmas
    • Discrimination
  • Solutions
  • Aid is working
  • Large strides still need to be made
sources
Sources
  • "AIDS & HIV information from the AIDS charity AVERT." AVERTing HIV and AIDS. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Nov. 2010. <http://www.avert.org/>.
  • "Centers for Disease Control and Prevention." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Nov. 2010. <http://www.cdc.gov/>.
  • "World Health Organization." World Health Organization. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Nov. 2010. <www.who.int/en/>.