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Transportation Best Practices. Mendocino Council of Governments East Bay Tour Report by Dan Gjerde, MCOG Chair • April 5, 2010. Why change?. Resources lost countryside, lost sustainability. Why change?. Greenhouse gas too many cars, too many miles. Why change?.

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transportation best practices

TransportationBest Practices

Mendocino Council of Governments East Bay TourReport by Dan Gjerde, MCOG Chair • April 5, 2010

Why change?

Resourceslost countryside, lost sustainability

Why change?

Greenhouse gastoo many cars, too many miles

Why change?

Obesity Epidemicbig problem, big costs

mendocino county

Are we ready for:

Retaining resource & ag lands?

Minimizing GHGs & miles traveled?

Improving community health?

World-class public spaces?

Economic & cultural renewal?


Just 70 years ago, two in three

Mendocino residents lived within

walking distance of a downtown.

We can, again.

mendocino s toolbox
Mendocino’s toolbox

Regional Blueprint

Regional Transportation Plan

Priority Development Areas • Priority Conservation Areas

General Plans • Land Use Codes

Strategic Investment of Grants

blueprint planning
Blueprint Planning

Local and regional comprehensive planning

Efficient use of land

Conservation of water, energy and natural resources

Walking, biking and transit to meet congestion & health goals

priority development areas
Priority Development Areas

Cities and County nominate PDAs

PDAs are neighborhoods with commitment to:

1) Increase housing near jobs, retail and services

2) Create “complete communities” for residents

to live in pedestrian-friendly environment

priority conservation areas
Priority Conservation Areas

Lands of regional significance

Agricultural or natural resource

Historical or cultural

Recreational or scenic


► “Good density”

► Six-story façade, plus2-3 stories set back

► Common areas in lieu

of private balconies

►12,000 sf commercial space

► 91 apartments

secret of gaia
Secret ofGaia

► .46 parking spaces

per apartment;

no parking for retail

► Hydraulic lifts

► 267 units / acre


► Five-story façade, plus tower

► 155 units / acre

12,400 sf lot

► 3,000 sf retail; no parking

► 44 apartments; 30 spaces; 0.68

Fort Bragg’s densest district

► Four-story façade

► 54 units / acre¹

12,400 sf lot

► 2,800 sf retail; 7 spaces²

► 15 apartments; 15 spaces; 1.0

¹ In CBD, w/density bonus ² Pay for off-site spaces

5 stories,plus tower

4 stories,plus tower

bachen shorter units acre 75 bachenheimer 43 gaia
BachenshorterUnits/acre: 75% Bachenheimer; 43% Gaia

► Four-story façade, plus tower

► 116 units / acre¹

12,400 sf lot

► 2,800 sf retail; 7 spaces²

► 33 apartments; 15 spaces; 0.46

Built on two typical lots: 15,000 sf

► Four-story façade, plus tower

► 116 units / acre¹

15,000 sf lot

► 2,000 sf retail; 5 spaces²

► 39 apartments; 18 spaces; 0.46

¹ Hypothetical CBD, w/density bonus ² Pay for off-site spaces

front porch neighborhood
Front porchneighborhood

► Pedestrian scale

► Steps tie sidewalk to spacious porch

► Conversation range to neighbors on sidewalk

► Eyes on street, enhance safety

► Attractive & compact

world class street
World-class street

Porches embrace sidewalk • Trees between curb & 6’ sidewalk

Street only 24’ wide & curved to calm traffic • Quiet & park-like

magnificent alley
Magnificent alley

Hides driveways & garages, for superior architecture & narrow lots

Hides trash bins and utilities from streets, sidewalks & front porches

beauty of the bike
Beauty of the Bike

The bike needs a tiny fraction of the land required by the motor vehicle

Portland is building bike facilities to divert 25% of all auto trips

Amsterdam and Copenhagen already exceed 30%

Land use

health tools

Policies from CA general plans

Some policies health explicit

Other policies health implicit

Booklet from Public Health Law & Policy

Evaluate the health of your town,

food in the neighborhoods

Supermarket proximity is associated with a better diet

Limited access to fast food for schoolchildren is associated with better diet

Healthy Eating Research Brief 2008; Davis & Carpenter 2009; Active Living Research Brief 2007

retail food landscape
Retail Food Landscape

Ratio of

unhealthy outlets

to healthy outlets

Acceptable –


Unacceptable –

Willits, Hopland, Ukiah

Set standards and priorities for improving food access in underserved neighborhoods

Prioritize development, incentives, and resources

to neighborhoods with the greatest health disparities

Outreach to small markets

Offer incentives and assistance: façade improvements, infrastructure, business planning, distribution channels, WIC/Food Stamp participation

Create a balanced food environment

Zoning standards for fast food outlets

Standards: Quotas, Density, Distance

mendocino s toolbox1
Mendocino’s toolbox

Regional Blueprint

Regional Transportation Plan

Priority Development Areas • Priority Conservation Areas

General Plans • Land Use Codes

Strategic Investment of Grants

Transportation Best Practices MCOG East Bay Tour

Participants, sponsored by California Endowment March 18 & 19, 2010

Mari Rodin& Mary Anne Landis(Ukiah)

Doug Hammerstrom& Dan Gjerde(Fort Bragg)

Lauren Sinnott&Joe Riboli(Point Arena)

Kendall Smith& Linda Helland(Mendocino County)

Participants, sponsored by MCOG

Chris Carterette&Katryna Baker(Fort Bragg);Alan Falleri(Willits)

Jessica Stull-Otto&Dusty Duley(Mendocino County);Ben Kageyama(Ukiah)

Loretta Ellard, Janet Orth&Nephele Barrett(MCOG);Dan Baxter(MTA)

March 18 & 19, 2010

Special thanks to our gracious hosts & presenters

Doug Johnson (MTC) & Christy Riviere (ABAG); Cara Houser (Panoramic Interests)

Lena Velasco(Richmond) &Nancy Baer(CCHS);Heather Wooten(Public Health Law & Policy)

Ed Balico, Dennis Tagashira, Erwin Blancaflor, Robert Reber & Lisa Hammon (Hercules)

Other participants

Lisa Davey-Bates (Lake APC); George Reinhardt (NHUDG)

John Miki (Opticos); Jeffery Tumlin (Nelson-Nygaard)

Transportation Best Practices MCOG East Bay Tour