College English Integrated Course Book Two 山东大学威海分校大学外语教学部 2010.09
Unit 3 The Generation Gap Text A Father Knows Better
Contents • Teaching Objectives • Background Information • Lead-in Activities • Language Points • Text Analysis • Writing Task • Oral Practice 山东大学威海分校大外部
Teaching Objectives 1. Understand the main idea (Father meddled in children’s affairs with good intentions, but only to find his efforts unwelcome.) and the structure of the text (three settings, three scenes) 2. appreciate the basic elements of a play: Characters, settings, stage derections, language, conflicts, climax, and theme.
Background Information Comedy Comedy as a popular meaning, is any humorous discourse generally intended to amuse, especially in television, film, and stand-up comedy. This must be carefully distinguished from its academic definition, namely the comic theatre, whose Western origins are found in Ancient Greece. In the Athenian democracy, the public opinion of voters was remarkably influenced by the political satire performed by the comic poets at the theaters.
Background Information Comedy is one of the original four genres of literature as defined by the philosopher Aristotle in his work called Poetics. The other three genres are Tragedy, Epic, and Lyric poetry. Literature in general is defined by Aristotle as a mimesis, or imitation of, life. Comedy is the third form of literature, being the most divorced from a true mimesis. Tragedy is the truest mimesis, followed by epic, comedy and lyric. The genre of comedy is defined by a certain pattern according to Aristotle's definition. All comedies begin with a low, typically with an “ugly” guy who can't do anything right. By the end of the story or play, the “ugly” guy has won the “pretty” girl, or whatever it was he was aiming for at the beginning. Comedies also have elements of the supernatural, typically magic and for the ancient Greeks the gods. Comedy includes the unrealistic in order to portray the realistic. The oldest Greek comedy is Homer’s Odyssey, the story of Odysseus and his crew’s attempt to return home after the fall of Troy.
Background Information The Great Depression The Great Depression refers to a severe worldwide economic depression in the decade preceding World War II. The timing of the Great Depression varied across nations, but in most countries it started in about 1929 and lasted until the late 1930s or early 1940s. It was the longest, most widespread, and deepest depression of the 20th century. The depression originated in the United States, starting with the stock market crash of October 29, 1929 (known as Black Tuesday), but quickly spread to almost every country in the world.
Lead-in Activities 1. When are your parents’ birthdays and their wedding anniversary? 2. Do your parents celebrate your birthday? What do you usually do for your parents on their birthdays? 3. Although there are some differences between us and our parents, we all respect our parents, because they are…. Please use some adjs. to describe them.
Lead-in Activities Language Focus On my parents’ birthdays, I usually …. buy them some gifts with my pocket money; send them card; call them no matter how busy I am; tell them how special they are to me; do something creative to try to express my love for them ; cook something special for them. They are selfless, honest, generous, successful, thrifty, industrious, compassionate, enthusiastic, ambitious, far-sighted, humorous, intelligent, unique, wise, etc.
Language Points consist of: be made up of e.g. The committee consists mostly of scientists and engineers. entirely/exclusively consist of完全由…组成 merely/only/ simply/solely consist of仅仅由…组成 chiefly 主要由…组成 essentiallyconsist of基本上…由组成 largely/ mainly/mostly/predominantly consist of很大程度上由…组成 primarily/principally consist of大体上由…组成
Language Points bet: v. be sure n. the act of gambling e.g. I bet she was late for the class on purpose. good/safe/sure bet胜算很大的打赌 on bet在…下注 do sth. for a bet 为打赌而做… my bet is/it is my bet that… 我敢说… glorious: wonderful e.g. Let’s go out on such a glorious day. Vivid memories came flooding back of the glorious, romantic college time.
Language Points proof: evidence or facts that are sufficient to establish a thing as true or believable e.g. The officer produced documents in proof of his claim. His fingerprints left on the scene were a roof of his guilt. They have proof positive that he is in hiding. The man was acquitted for lack of proof fill out: complete (a document or form) by supplying required information e.g. Please fill out the application form and send it back by the end of this month. The old woman filled out the form and signed it at the bottom.
Language Points junior: 1) younger (followed by to) (abbrs.: Jr. or jr., used after the name of a person who has the same name as his father, e.g. Tom Brown, jr.) e.g. Lucy is several years junior to her husband. Do you want Thomas Brown Senior or Thomas Brown Junior, the father or the son? 2) lower in rank than others e.g. Having worked for six years, Emma is still a junior clerk in the office. Paul had been a junior clerk for five years before he was promoted to senior clerk.
Text Analysis 1.The teacher asks the students to scan for the main idea within the time limit, 3 minutes. Then the students do the Working on Your Own practice part 1 on page 69. 2.The teacher asks the students to read the text again carefully, do the Working on Your Own practice part 2 on P. 69, and then draw an outline to see how the passage is constructed with the help of the teacher.
Text Analysis stage directions characters conflicts climax play settings theme language
Up Right Up Left Stage Left Center Stage Stage Right Down Left Down Right Audience Text Analysis
Writing Task The teacher asks the students to do Writing Posters on P.85, after they read Writing Strategy on P.85 by themselves first.
Oral Practice The teacher gives the students the following questions for discussion. Four to five students are in one group. Each group has 15 minutes to discuss together, and then each group presents the answers to the questions to all the class. What will you do if you have different opinions from your parents? What do you think causes the generation gap? What can be done to solve the problems of generation gap?