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1550 B.C. – 1050 B.C. The New Kingdom. 1550 B.C. Ahmose (Thebes) marked the beginning of the New Kingdom Beginning of 18 th dynasty Egypt reached its height of power & glory Cities grew large. The Egyptian Empire. Pharaohs began conquering lands to the east

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1550 b c
1550 B.C.
  • Ahmose (Thebes) marked the beginning of the New Kingdom
  • Beginning of 18th dynasty
  • Egypt reached its height of power & glory
  • Cities grew large
the egyptian empire
The Egyptian Empire
  • Pharaohs began conquering lands to the east
  • Period of Conquest & Trade
the egyptian conquest
The Egyptian Conquest
  • Sought to gain control of all possible invasion routes into the kingdom
  • 1st – conquered homeland of Hyksos
  • Thutmose III conquered lands to Syria and Palestine; south to Kush
the egyptian wealth
The Egyptian Wealth
  • Collected tribute – money or goods collected from conquered peoples
  • Nubia – gold, leopard skins, precious stones, slaves
  • Assyria, Babylonia, & Hittites sent gifts to maintain good relations
the egyptian trade
The Egyptian Trade
  • Developed profitable trade routes (paths followed by traders)
  • Conquered lands had valuable resources
hatshepsut
Hatshepsut
  • 1472-1458 B.C.
  • Worked to increase trade; not interested in war; built monuments and temple
  • Sent traders to kingdom of Punt (Red Sea), Asia Minor, & Greece
  • Married Thutmose II (half brother) who left throne to son, Thutmose III
  • Since he was young, Hattie took throne
hatshepsut1
Hatshepsut
  • Because many did not think women should rule….
  • She dressed like a man and called herself king
  • After death – Thutmose III destroyed monuments that she built during her reign
religion during the new kingdom
Religion during the New Kingdom
  • Thebes became capital of Egypt
  • Amon had been god of Thebes
  • Egyptians combined Amon & Re, the sun god
  • Amon-Re
  • Temples became industrial centers and schools
amenhotep iv
Amenhotep IV
  • 1370 B.C.
  • Did not like priest so he closed temples of Amon-Re and fired all workers
  • Set up new religion
amenhotep s new religion
Amenhotep’s New Religion
  • Monotheistic (the worship of only one god)
  • Worshipped Aton
  • Changed his name to Akhenaton – “Spirit of Aton”
  • Only family and close advisors accepted this new religion
  • Failed to make Egypt monotheistic
1360 b c
1360 B.C.
  • Tutankhamen (son-in-law of Amenhotep) became pharaoh
  • 9 years old
  • Priests forced him to return to old religion
  • Died at 18
ramses the great
Ramses the Great
  • 1200s
  • One of longest reigns
  • Last great pharaoh
  • Trained to be ruler and fighter
  • Army captain at 10
ramses the great1
Ramses the Great
  • Fought Hittites – no winner but became allies
  • Tehenu invaded Delta…
  • Fought them off & built a series of forts to strengthen western frontier
  • Tehenu invaded again century later - defeated
ramses the great2
Ramses the Great
  • After death – invaded by Sea Peoples (?)
  • Sea Peoples – strong warriors who crushed Hittites and destroyed cities in SW Asia
  • Took Egypt 50 years to push them back
decline of egypt
Decline of Egypt
  • Priest became powerful
  • Priest owned 1/3 of land
  • Played major role in government
  • Pharaoh’s power declined
  • Soon after death of Ramses, the New Kingdom ended
  • Period of violence and disorder
slide20

18th dynasty 1550-1295 BC

  • Thutmose IV
  • Amenhotep III
  • Amenhotep IV (Akhenaten)
  • Neferneferuaten
  • Tutankhamen
  • Ay
  • Horemheb
  • Ahmose
  • Amenhotep I
  • Thutmose I
  • Thutmose II
  • Hatshepsut
  • Thutmose III
  • Amenhotep II
19th dynasty 1295 1186 bc
19th dynasty 1295 -1186 BC
  • Rameses I
  • Seti I
  • Rameses II
  • Merenptah
  • Amenmessu
  • Sety II
  • Saptah
  • Tausret
20th dynasty 1186 1069 bc
20th dynasty 1186 - 1069 BC
  • Rameses VII
  • Rameses VIII
  • Rameses IX
  • Rameses X
  • Rameses XI
  • Setnakht
  • Rameses III
  • Rameses IV
  • Rameses V
  • Rameses VI