Adaptations: A trait that helps a species to survive. 4 Types: 1.) Structural 2.) Coloration 3.) Physiological 4.) Behavioral
Structural Adaptation: A body part that aids in survival. Types of Structural: 1.) Food Acquisition (teeth or beak) 2.) Movement (Limbs) 3.) Protection (thorns, horns, shells, poison, quills) 4.) Save water and heat (fur, blubber, needles)
Adaptations in Coloration • Coloring that aids in survival of the organism within its environment. CAMOUFLAGE- characteristics that enable organisms to blend in with their surroundings.
Types of Camouflage A.) Protective coloration- colors and patterns of organisms match the surroundings B.) Protective Resemblance- shapes and colors of organism match other objects in their surroundings
Types of Camouflage C.) Mimicry- the resemblance of an edible species to a relatively inedible species.
Types of Camouflage • Warning Coloration- When bold patterns and colors of toxic prey species serve as a warning signal to predators.
Physiological Adaptation: Jobs of body parts controlling life processes that aid survival. • Examples: 1.) Animal- Seals can hold their breath up to 30 minutes. 2.) Plant- Saltbrush is a grass that lives in salty soils. This grass can pump out the salt from its tissues.
Behavioral Adaptations: Behaviors that aid a species in its ability to survive. Examples: 1.) Spider webs 2.) Deer flips tail 3.) Special grooming or dancing movements 4.) Bird calls and migration
Types of Behavior • Learned behaviors- an action that is not inherited from a species parent. • Example: Teaching a dog a trick. • Instincts- an inherited behavior; not learned Example: Puffer fish inflates its body for protection.