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Animal Adaptations

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  1. Animal Adaptations By: Allison Hinton

  2. Animal Adaptations Overview • Freshman Biology Course • Learning Objectives • To demonstrate knowledge of adaptations of different animal species. • To illustrate different adaptations for one species not already discussed in the lesson • To connect one species to another via similarities and differences • Learning Standards • Curriculum Standards • 12.B.4a Compare physical, ecological and behavioral factors that influence interactions and interdependence of organisms. • 12.A.4c Describe processes by which organisms change over time using evidence from comparative anatomy and physiology, embryology, the fossil record, genetics and biochemistry. • 12.F.4a Explain theories, past and present, for changes observed in the universe. • Technology Standards • Create original works as a means of personal or group expression • Interact, collaborate, and publish with peers, experts, or others employing a variety of digital environments and media • Communicate information and ideas effectively to multiple audiences using a variety of media and formats • Plan and manage activities to develop a solution or complete a project • Exhibit a positive attitude toward using technology that supports collaboration, learning, and productivity • Select and use applications effectively and productively Table of Contents Review Project/Exam Info Resources

  3. Click On An Animal To Learn About Their Adaptations Review Project/Exam Info Resources

  4. Penguin Adaptations

  5. Penguin Adaptations (Click below to begin) Table of Contents Review Project/Exam Info Resources

  6. Hawk Adaptations

  7. Hawk Adaptations (Click on the Picture) Table of Contents Review Project/Exam Info Resources

  8. Rabbit Adaptations

  9. Rabbit Adaptations • Rabbit eyes sit high on their heads allowing them to have a larger view without having to move their head. • Their back feet and legs are very strong which is are designed to allow them to run fast and make them very agile in changing directions. • They have a cecum in their digestive tract which allows them digest food they otherwise would not be able to. The cecum helps break down the nutrients and then the rabbits eat their feces to get all of the nutrients out. This is called coprophagy. • Their jaws and teeth are also adapted for a vegetarian diet. Their incisors are designed to break off the plant materials and their molars are designed to grind the plants to further digest them. Table of Contents Review Project/Exam Info Resources

  10. Dog Adaptations

  11. Dog Adaptations (Click on the picture) Table of Contents Review Project/Exam Info Resources

  12. Cat Adaptations

  13. Cat Adaptations • Cats are excellent hunters. This video will illustrate how they stalk their prey. http://youtu.be/fzzjgBAaWZw • They have increased photoreceptors in their eyes to allow them to see better in the dark. • The reason their tail is long and flexible is to help with their balance. • Their whiskers are used to help determine if they will fit into a space or not. If their whiskers hit anything, it is a sign their very agile body will not be able to fit. • They walk on their toes instead of the balls of their feet like dogs do. Table of Contents Review Project/Exam Info Resources

  14. Sea Turtle Adaptations

  15. Sea Turtle Adaptations • Their forearms are like paddle-like flippers that allow them to swim underwater. • They are unable to retract their head and necks like other members of the turtle family. This would make them less agile in the water. • They metabolize sea water to get their water intact and help with their diet. • They also have a salt gland near their eyes that allows them to secrete the excess salt they obtain from the water. • They have a high red blood cell count which means they have increased myoglobin. This means they are able to store and transport more oxygen in their blood than other animals. • Most of these adaptations to the water make them less suitable to live on land such as their modified front flippers. Table of Contents Review Project/Exam Info Resources

  16. Mouse Adaptations

  17. Mouse Adaptations • They have very large eyes and ears to help them better see and hear their enemies. • They have very small flexible feet with nails on each of their five toes which allows them to grip onto things such as their food and allows them to climb things easier. • They are omnivorous and their mouths are adapted for that lifestyle. Their front teeth continually grow to remain sharp for biting into things like plants. They also have molars in the back to allow them to grind their food just like other animals. • They have very short life spans so they have adapted to have short gestation periods and they have on average 6 pups each litter. They are also are able to have many litters a year. Table of Contents Review Project/Exam Info Resources

  18. Lion Adaptations

  19. Lion Adaptations • The lions are able to produce a very loud roar that not all cats can produce. This allows them to communicate with the rest of their tribe. • Their claws like other cats are long and retractable. The long claws helps them to capture and incapacitate their prey. • They have very rough tongues that help them to keep their coats clean and allows them to get the meat off of the bone from the animals that they kill. • The skin under their bellies is very loose and saggy which allows them to be kicked by other animals with very little damage to the lion. Table of Contents Review Project/Exam Info Resources

  20. Goat Adaptations

  21. Goat Adaptations • One of the major adaptations of the goat is their four chambered stomach which helps break down all the plants that they eat. • This is also allows them to eat many different things that other animals would be unable to eat and still gain nutrients from them. • If you look closely at a goat, their eyes have horizontal slits for their pupils unlike most animals that have vertical slits. This gives them a greater peripheral vision to help keep an eye out for their predators. • The also have adapted their estrous cycle to be able to breed in the fall which guarantees a delivery in the spring when the baby goats will have the greatest chance of survival. Table of Contents Review Project/Exam Info Resources

  22. Review

  23. Review Jeopardy! Pick 2 Food Movement Movement Internal Changes 100 100 100 100 200 200 200 200 300 300 300 300 400 400 400 400 500 500 500 500 Final Jeopardy Table of Contents Project/Exam Info Resources

  24. Pick 2 for 100 These two animals both have retractable claws. Who are lions and cats? Scoreboard

  25. Pick 2 for 200 These 2 animals have their front limbs adapted to make it easier in the water. Who are penguins and sea turtles? Scoreboard

  26. Pick 2 for 300 These two animals have larger ears to better hear their prey or predators. Who are mice and African Wild Dogs? Scoreboard

  27. Pick 2 for 400 These animals have adapted eyes to help them keep a lookout for their predators. Who are mice, goats, and rabbits? Scoreboard

  28. Pick 2 for 500 These two animals have adaptations to help them become better runners. Who are rabbits and the African Wild Dog? Scoreboard

  29. Food for 100 This animal has a four chambered stomach to help breakdown plants. Who are goats? Scoreboard

  30. Food for 200 This animal has on average a 70%-90% capture rate. Who is the African Wild Dog? Scoreboard

  31. Food for 300 This animal spends more time sleeping when food supplies run low. Who is the penguin? Scoreboard

  32. Food for 400 This animal uses it’s rough tongue to help get the meat of the bone of the animals it captures. Who is the lion? Scoreboard

  33. Food for 500 This animal has a cecum which allows it to digest more of its food but then has to eat it’s feces to get the benefits. Who is the rabbit? Scoreboard

  34. Movement for 100 This animal walks on its toes. Who is the cat? Scoreboard

  35. Movement for 200 This animal has dense bones to help with it’s movement. Who is the penguin? Scoreboard

  36. Movement for 300 This animal attacks very slowly while staying controlled. Who is the Red Tailed Hawk? Scoreboard

  37. Movement for 400 This animal has adaptations on its feet to allow it to grasp things. Who is the mouse? Scoreboard

  38. Movement for 500 This animal has adapted differently than other similar animals because it needs to swim longer than other similar animals. Who is the sea turtle? Scoreboard

  39. Internal Changes for 100 This animal slows its heart rate while swimming at deep depths. Who is the penguin? Scoreboard

  40. Internal Changes for 200 This animal has horizontal slits in it’s eyes instead of vertical which is far more common. Who is the goat? Scoreboard

  41. Internal Changes for 300 This animal has a soft underbelly with saggy skin to help it from getting injured by enemies. Who is the lion? Scoreboard

  42. Internal Changes for 400 This animal has more photoreceptors in it’s eyes to help it be able to see in the dark. Who is the cat? Scoreboard

  43. Internal Changes for 500 This animal has a higher red blood cell count to be able to transport more oxygen around it’s body. Who is the sea turtle? Scoreboard

  44. Final Jeopardy Category: Gestation The mouse and this animal can produce many offspring because of their short life cycles and threat from predators. Who are rabbits? Scoreboard

  45. Scoreboard Team 1 Team 2 Bank 100 100 100 100 200 200 200 200 300 300 300 400 400 400 400 500 500 500 500 300 Table of Contents Project/Exam Info Resources Game Board

  46. Project and Exam Information

  47. Scan here to get to our class blog! Your Project • You need to pick an animal you want to learn about. There is a sign up form on our class blog. You will need to submit a couple of options in case your first choice is already taken. There will be no duplicates and it is first come, first serve. It cannot be one discussed already. • Once you have your animal picked, you need to do some research (3 sources required and only one can be one that is already posted in the resources section)! • Make a PowerPoint or Prezi presentation, a video, a Glog, or something of your choosing (it needs to get approved by me) illustrating what you learned. • You also need to connect the animal you choose to 3 other animals that were done in this presentation. Show me your understanding of how things between species are similar and/or different. I want one similarity and one difference per animal you chose to compare with. I want to be able to see the evolutionary changes also! • The project will be due next Friday to make sure have enough time to work on it and perfect it. • If you have questions, just ask in class or on our class discussion board on the blog. There is a post already started for you to ask in. • Just remember to have fun with it! Table of Contents Review Resources

  48. Exam Info • The exam will be this weekend. • It will be timed and you will have all weekend to complete it. It will open on Friday at 3pm and close Sunday at midnight. • Please complete it on your own and do not share answers. • You are able to use your notes since it is an online test but you will not have time to look up all of the answers so make sure you use your time wisely! Table of Contents Review Resources

  49. Resources

  50. Resources • http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/ • http://bioweb.uwlax.edu • http://www.seaworld.org • http://www.bbc.co.uk/nature/adaptations • https://www.eriezoo.org/ • http://www.bornfree.org.uk/ • http://www.denverzoo.org/ • http://www.blueplanetbiomes.org/ • http://www.wildlifebritain.com/ • http://a-z-animals.com/ • http://www.lpzoo.org/ • http://www.allaboutbirds.org/ Table of Contents Review Project/Exam Info