RAINWater Harvesting, Multiple Use Water & Livelihoods Is the tank half full or half empty?
Rainwater harvesting can be an effective solution • “Africa is not water scarce. The rainfall contribution is more than adequate to meet the needs of the current population several times over” • UNEP/World Agroforestry Center report Nov, 2006 • Suitable wherever it rains • Simple technology: adaptable to local context and materials • Decentralised approach and local ownership • Rainwater needs (little to) no treatment → with basic maintenance measures: WHO standards • Environmentally sustainable
Geographic focus of the RAIN Foundation • Target countries: • South Asia • Sub-Saharan Africa • RAIN presently active in: • Nepal • Ethiopia • Senegal • Burkina Faso • Mali
RAIN's approach to implementation • Site selection: regions where RWH has greatest positive impact • Selection & training of implementing organisations • Pilot phase large-scale implementation • Identify a Rainwater Harvesting Capacity Center • Continuous learning, exchange & innovation, monitoring, evaluation, fundraising
Helvetas ActionAid AFD BSP NEWAH CREPA ERSHA NRCS CCF WACT RAIN'S partnering with local NGO's & replication RAIN BSP / Népal WaterAid/Crepa Burkina Faso ERHA / Ethiopia Other countries RHCCs / country Sénégal Mali Implementing organisations WaterAid …. CREPA Alphalog Asradec CREPA ASE …. …. ARFA Helvetas Helvetas …. APDC Caritas Kaolack Aide et Action .... …. .... …. Africare Africare …. …. NEF GRAT WaterAid
It RAINs in Ethiopia • Before …………………………….. and after
It RAINs in Nepal • Every drop counts!
RAIN achievements • Since 2004 active in five countries • 1,800,000 liters of RWH capacity reaching 12,000 people • Financial commitment from important donors • RAIN strengths • Focus on implementation • Dedicated and flexible • Clear strategy, including long-term sustainability • Broad network (local partners; expertise; donors) • Systematic monitoring, evaluation and continuous learning
Critical success factors for RWH • Success depends on: • Initial sites only where other water supply systems ‘fail’ • Appropriate technology and low cost • Local ownership & maintenance (communal →household) • Responding to demand, marketing, capacity and ‘critical mass’ (communities, NGO’s, government, donors and private clients; financial mechanisms) • Systematic monitoring & performance measurement
Purposes of rainwater harvesting Is the tank half full or half empty? • Domestic use • Drinking water • Hygiene & Sanitation • Productive use • Agriculture • Livestock • Other livelihood/income-generating activities • Groundwater recharge … Integrated Water Resources Management
Types of RainWater Harvesting? • Roof top water harvesting • Surface run-off harvesting • Sand dams … Sub-surface dams, pond reservoirs, terracing …
RAIN water harvesting TECHNIQUES RESULTS EFFECTS IMPACTS Drinking water Improved health: reduced disease incidence Increased well-being & productivity of individuals and households 1,800,000 liters rainwater storage capacity 12,000 people access to clean drinking water & hygiene awareness Roof-top water harvesting; surface run-off water harvesting Time & energy saved: school attendance & activities enabled Improved education, productivity and gender equity Multiple use water For domestic use: sanitation, food gardens, small livestock, biogas Improved household nutrition, health & productivity Improved household food, energy & water security Ponds/sand dams For productive use: horticulture & agriculture, livestock, food processing, other Water-enabled enterprises and income-generation Improved socio-economic well-being and gender equity Ground water recharge Drinking and multiple-use water Improved soil productivity for crops and livestock
RAIN 2004-06 and beyond RAIN 2007-10 and beyond
RAIN: from drinking water to multiple use • Points of Discussion • Water quantity • Water quality • Techniques used & in combination with other water supply • Financing mechanisms • Partnerships & learning • The long-term • Multiplier effect: RWH / financing mechanisms • RWH for livelihood protection & productive use
Contact RAIN Foundation c/o. Donker Curtiusstraat 7- 523, 1051 JL Amsterdam, The Netherlands T. + 31 20 686 8111 F. + 31 20 686 6251 E. email@example.com www.rainfoundation.org