Why was England the first country to industrialize?. FOOD You must have a surplus of food!. The Agricultural Revolution, 1700’s Improved farming techniques, like crop rotation and the scientific breeding of animals. There was a great increase in food production.
Parliament passed 1000 laws, allowing landowners to evict the tenants from their land!
James Watt invented the steam engine: Using coal, the engine produced power.
England went through a canal-building craze: Canals linked rivers, the mines, and the factories.
England went through a railroad-building craze: Railroads linked everything.
England went through a ship-building craze: Ocean-going ships imported raw materials and exported finished goods.