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Sumatran Rhinoceros

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  1. Sumatran Rhinoceros Connor Johnson Computers 8 December 2010

  2. Table of contents • What are they..? • Where do they live? • How/why are they being killed? • What do they eat? • What makes the Sumatran Rhino Unique? • What is some general facts about them? • Bibliography

  3. What are they..? • A type of Rhinoceros (Dicerorhinus Sumatrensis) • Also considered the ‘hairy rhino’ (tough hair/fur) • Only about 200 Rhinos left in world. • Live around southeast asia, in protected areas. • Also named the Asain two horned Rhino • Small compared to other Rhinos • Can’t sweat, uses mud to cool off

  4. Where do they live? • Live in Rainforests, swamps & Cloud forests • Prefer close to water and valleys • Near eastern Asia, Burma and Bangladesh • Also in Cambodia, Vietnam and Malaysia • Scattered in groups in different places • Live on island of Sumtra, split into two by mountains

  5. How / why are they being killed? • Being killed because of Poaching purposes • Sumatran Horn worth $30,000 per horn • Other body parts used also • Meat is Medicine, rhino head oil medicine also • Hunted by Spear and pit traps • Horn considered ‘protection’ from poison • Third of population kept safe in national parks

  6. What do they eat? • Usually eat just before nightfall or in morning • Eat leaves, saplings twigs and shoots • Eat up to 50kg (110lb) of food every day • Can eat up to 100 different kinds of foods • Large proportion of food tree sapling (Leaves) • Frequently changing diets • Diet high in Fiber, moderate in protein

  7. What makes the Sumatran Rhinoceros Unique? • One of the worlds rarest animal • Smallest Rhinoceros species • Calf leaves mother at 18 months • Horn believed to cure illness’s • Have Very poor Vision • Most vocal Rhino, also commumicates with feet • Closely related to Woolly Rhinceros

  8. Some general facts of Sumatran Rhinceros • Gray-ish leather hair (shaped like armour plates • 2 horns, front horn larger then rear • Tiger one of main predators • Can swim well in Oceans • Horn of rhino perched on skull (not rooted in) • In day, Rhino wallows in mud, at night hunts • Usually live in hilly areas with swamps

  9. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sumatran_Rhinoceros http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/sumatran-rhinoceros/ http://www.ultimateungulate.com/perissodactyla/dicerorhinus_sumatrensis.html http://www.blueplanetbiomes.org/sumatran_rhino.htm http://www.animalinfo.org/species/artiperi/dicesuma.htm http://www.indonesianfauna.com/sumatranrhinoceros.php http://www.rhinos-irf.org/sumatran/ http://www.biaza.org.uk/public/images/campaigns/rhinoDocs/sumatran.pdf http://www.arkive.org/sumatran-rhinoceros/dicerorhinus-sumatrensis/ http://www.rhinoresourcecenter.com/species/sumatran-rhino/ Bibliography