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The Role of the National Guard in Homeland Defense / Homeland Security. Adjutant General / Director. JOINT FORCES HEADQUARTERS - WASHINGTON. Special Asst / HS. Deputy Director. *. Inspector General. Cmd Admin Spec. Joint Chief of Staff. State Finance. State HR. Dir State Guard.
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The Role of the National Guard in Homeland Defense / Homeland Security
Adjutant General / Director JOINT FORCES HEADQUARTERS - WASHINGTON Special Asst / HS Deputy Director * Inspector General Cmd Admin Spec Joint Chief of Staff State Finance State HR Dir State Guard Special Staff State CIO Joint Staff Assistant Adjutant General Air National Guard Director EMD Assistant Adjutant General Army National Guard SRAA CofS Cof S CofS ANG Units Air Staff EMD Staff CAP MGMT DIR ARNG Units Army Staff * Deputy Director is the Assistant Adjutant General of Opposite Service from TAG
Army & Air National Guard Installations Nearly 3300 Locations in 2700 Communities (Key: 1 Star for every 3 installations) “Joint Forces on call for State and Combatant Commander Missions”
Regional Interstate Compacts • There are five (5) general humanitarian compacts authorized by Congress: • Mutual Aide Compact (1952) • PA, NY, NJ • Southern Governors Compact (SREMAC) (1993) • AL, AR, DE, FL, GA, KY, LA, MD, MS, MO, NC, OK, PR, SC, TN, TX, VI, VA, WV • Southwest Governors Compact (explicitly amended to include the National Guard) • CA, NV, AZ, NM, CO, UT • Emergency Management Assistance Compact (EMAC) (2001) • ALL STATES and TERRITORIES except CA and HI (Governor-request legislation is advancing in both states) • Pacific Northwest Emergency Management Arrangement (1996) P.L. 105-381 12 Nov 98 • WA, OR, AK, ID, British Columbia, Yukon Territory
National Guard Distributed Training Technology Program (DTTP) provides a nationwide training and C3 capability • Key: 1 mark for every 2-3 DTTP facilities • Not pictured – VTC classroom in the U.S. Virgin Islands
GuardNet Network Design A Robust IT System Connecting All State Joint Forces HQ National Scheduling and Access Control Center (NSACC) at ARNG READINESS CENTER Wash. DC = Regional Hub Regional Hub State JFHQ = Page 14 Current as of 10/18/00
Washington State Domestic Security Infrastructure Governor NGA WHITE HOUSE / DHS / DoD Emergency Management Council TAG/Director, Military Department Domestic Security Executive Group State Patrol Fire Protection Bureau Assn of Sheriffs & Police Chiefs State EM Directors Dept of Ecology Dept of Health Building Officials County Sheriffs Military Department Dept of Natural Resources Search and Rescue Private Industry City Officials Assn of County Officials Local EM Directors Member-at-large Local Fire Chiefs • TAG/Director, Military Department (Chair) • Director, Emergency Management Division • Chief, Washington State Patrol • Secretary of Health • Secretary of Transportation • Director, Department of Agriculture • Director, Department of Ecology • Director, Department of Information Services • Director, Office of Financial Management • State Attorney General’s Office • Governor’s Senior Staff EMC Committee on Homeland Security E-911 Advisory Committee Core Membership Dept of Ecology Dept of Agriculture Dept Social & Health Services National Guard Dept of Health Dept Information Services Office of Attorney Gen Office Financial Mgmt Dept of Transportation State Patrol Local Emergency Management Emergency Mgmt Division Local Emergency Medical Fire Protection Bureau Local Fire Departments Dept of Labor & Industries Local Law Enforce (Chiefs) Assn of Hospitals Local Law Enforce (Sheriffs) Local Public Health Dept of Agriculture WA Assn of Ports Assn of WA Business Advisory FBI U.S. Coast Guard FEMA Dept of Defense Public Health Services EPA Dept s of Personnel & Employ. Sec Tribal Liaison APCO Small Rural Counties-West Assn of WA Cities-East Assn of WA Cities-West Fire Protection Policy Board King County Large Urban Counties-East Large Urban Counties-West Member At Large National Emer. Number Assn Qwest Communications Verizon VoiceStream Wireless WA Assn of Sheriffs & Chiefs WA Fire Commissioners Assn WA Independent Tel. Assn WA State Ambulance Assn State Dept of Health WA Emergency Mgmt Assn Washington State Patrol WUTC State Assn of Counties-East State Assn of Counties-West State Assn of Fire Chiefs State Council of Fire Fighters State Council of Police Officers Small Rural Counties-East State Interoperatility Executive Committee TAG/Mil Dept DirWSPState EMDDOTDISFire Chiefs/ MarshalsSheriffs/Police ChiefsCities/Counties City/County EMD As of 02 SEPR 04
EMC Committee on Homeland Security Emergency Management Council TAG/Director, Military Department GOVERNOR WHITE HOUSE, DHS, DOD, NGA, ETC. E-911 Advisory Committee Domestic Security Executive Group Washington State Domestic Security Infrastructure - A System of Systems Approach - STATEWIDE: LOCAL GOVERNMENTS, TRIBAL NATIONS, PRIVATE SECTOR & NONPROFIT AGENCIES/ASSOCIATIONS
National Homeland Security Consortium • A Partnership of National Organizations, including:: • AGAUS– Adjutants General Association of the United States • NGA – National Governors Association • NEMA – National Emergency Management Association • Council of State Governments; National Conference of State Legislatures; National League of Cities; US Conference of Mayors; American Public Works Association; Association of Public Safety Communications Officials; Association of State & Territorial Health Officers; International Association of Emergency Managers; National Sheriffs Association; International Association of Chiefs of Police; International Association of Fire Chiefs; International City/County Management Association; National Association of Counties, National Association of County & City Health Officials; National Association of State Departments of Agriculture; National Association of State Emergency Medical Services Directors; State Homeland Security Advisors; US Chamber of Commerce • Primary Mission: • To support states and territories and their local jurisdictions in carrying out National Homeland Security Strategy. • Secondary Mission: • To support federal government execution of the National Homeland Security Strategy
Washington National Guard Responses to Major Declared Disasters 1996 - 2004 Whatcom Pend Oreille San Juan Skagit Okanogan Stevens Ferry Snohomish Island Clallam Chelan Douglas Disasters Spokane Jefferson 03 Flood King Kitsap 01 Fires Mason 01 Quake Lincoln Kittitas 00 Fires Adams Whitman 99 Quake Pierce Grays Harbor 99 Flood Grant 98 Landslide Thurston Pacific Yakima 98 Flood Franklin Garfield 98 Fire Benton Lewis 97 Flood Columbia Wahkiakum Cowlitz 97 Fire 97 Flood Walla Walla Asotin 97 Flood Skamania Klickitat Military Assistance to Civil Disturbance 96 Winter Storm Border Mission (T10) 96 Ice Storm Clark WNG State Active Duty Airport Mission (T32) 96 Flood
National Guard State Partnerships. . a key Homeland Defense “Early Engagement and Prevention” Strategy Alabama - Romania California - Ukraine Colorado - Slovenia Maryland - Estonia Illinois - Poland North Carolina - Moldova Georgia - Republic of Georgia Pennsylvania - Lithuania Vermont - Macedonia Minnesota - Norway Texas/Nebraska - Czech Republic Nevada - Turkmenistan Tennessee - Bulgaria Maryland – Bosnia-Herzegovina Indiana - Slovakia Oklahoma - Azerbaijan New Jersey - Albania Arizona - Kazakhstan Minnesota - Croatia Kansas - Armenia Michigan - Latvia Oregon - Austria Ohio - Hungary Louisiana - Uzbekistan Virginia - Tajikistan Washington D.C. - Jamaica Montana - Kyrgyzstan Louisiana - Belize Alaska - Mongolia Puerto Rico - Honduras Hawaii / Guam- Philippines New Hampshire - El Salvador Washington - Thailand Missouri - Panama Florida - Venezuela Kentucky - Ecuador Arkansas - Guatemala Wisconsin - Nicaragua Florida - Guyana Puerto Rico – Dominican Republic Connecticut - Uruguay New York – South Africa West Virginia - Peru Massachusetts - Paraguay Utah - Morocco Mississippi - Bolivia
The National Guard connects every fire house and police station to the Pentagon and every State House to the White House
Major General Timothy J. LowenbergThe Adjutant General Washington Military DepartmentandChair, Homeland Security Adjutants General Association of the U.S. (AGAUS) Camp Murray, WashingtonOffice: 253-512-8201DSN: 323-8201STU 253-512-8112Cellular/24 hr voice message: 253-279-2040FAX: 253-512-7727Timothy.Lowenberg@wa.ngb.army.mil Timothy.Lowenberg@ng.pentagon.smil.mil
WA MT ND VT MN NH OR NY MA ID SD MI WY PA NJ IA OH NE DE IL IN NV UT WV VA CO CA KS NC SC OK AR AZ NM GA AL MS TX AK FL also State Dir EM (10) also State Dir HLS (2) also State Dir EM and State Dir HLS (14) TAG Additional Duties/Roles ME WI CT RI MD DC MO KY GU TN LA VI PR HI
Physical or Cyber Attack on Homeland Regional Consequence Management (EMAC) Theater Security Cooperation Critical Infrastructure Protection (CIP) Overseas Conflict Law Enforcement (MSCLEA) National Security Special Events Preemptive and Retaliatory Strikes Local & State Consequence Management Missile Defense Local & State Crisis Management Border Security Counter Narco- Terrorism Airport Security Military Operational Title 32 Civil National Interest/Control; Decentralized Execution STATUS: SPECTRUM OF OPS 1 Win decisively in one region 2 Swiftly defeat efforts in two regions 4 Deter forward in four critical regions 1 Defense of the Homeland
Defense Science Board Recommendations Recommendation: • The National Guard should be used in Title 32 status to the maximum extent possible for all domestic operations Resultant End State: • The National Guard is utilized, to the maximum extent possible, in Title 32 federal duty status for all domestic missions, thereby leveraging the fiscal and operational advantages of continued state control while accomplishing DoD prescribed tasks, standards and conditions and overall mission objectives. Such a policy will also maximize the readiness of Guard forces for short-notice, simultaneous deployments in support of OCONUS combatant commanders.
Defense Science Board Recommendations Recommendation: • The Secretary of Defense should support the National Guard’s establishment of Standing Joint Forces Headquarters in each state and territory Resultant End State: • The National Guard Bureau and state Joint Forces Headquarters would perform as true joint force military echelons, populated with Title 10 and Title 32 personnel from the Army, Air Force, Navy and Marines and Title 14 personnel from the Coast Guard and in which the National Guard Bureau serves as the primary channel of communications between the several states and the Secretaries and Chiefs of Staff of the Army and Air Force, the Secretary of Defense, the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Homeland Defense, the Joint Staff and NORTHCOM
Defense Science Board Recommendations Recommendation: • Expand the Civil Support Teams to all 54 states and territories • Expand the role of ten (10) CSTs with a full single- unit CBIRF capability Resultant End State: • The National Guard maintains a CST in every state and territory, including at least ten (10) single-unit CBIRF-equivalent CSTs strategically located throughout the CONUS, plus a multi-unit CIBRF-like capability in all states achieved through coordinating the training and deployment capabilities of each state’s CST and Army Guard and Air Guard engineering, medical and security police units
Defense Science Board Recommendations Recommendation: • Emergency Preparedness Liaison Officers, Defense Coordinating Officers and Joint Reserve Augmentation Detachments should be assigned to the Standing Joint Forces Headquarters in each state/territory and report to NORTHCOM Resultant End State: • Command and Control at the Joint Forces Headquarters in each state will be strengthened as Emergency Preparedness Liaison Officers (EPLOs), Defense Coordinating Officers (DCOs), and Joint Reserve Augmentation Detachments achieve unity of effort through reporting to NORTHCOM. In addition, the Senior Army Advisor, dual-hatted as the Defense Coordinating Officer for each state, will also be reporting to and operating for such purposes under the direction of NORTHCOM.
Defense Science Board Recommendations Recommendation: • NORTHCOM should have a complete database of Reserve Component units and facilities: • Compiled and updated by the individual Reserve Components • Data should include unit and facility capability and availability • The databases should be shared with Adjutants General and Standing Joint Forces Headquarters in each state/territory Resultant End State: • NORTHCOM planners and Standing Joint Forces Headquarters planners in each state/territory will have a complete database of Reserve Component units and facilities that will include unit and facility capabilities and availabilities, as well as transportation and other logistical capabilities/requirements
Defense Science Board Recommendations Recommendation: • Secretary of Defense should, through the Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff, task the Commander, NORTHCOM to: • Create a Joint CCONUS Communications Support Environment (JCCSE) • Involve the National Guard in developing and operating the JCCSE to fulfill the mission Resultant End State: • The National Guard establishes and operates a Joint CONUS Communications Support Environment (JCCSE) as a national mission in primary support of OSD and NORTHCOM and secondary or incidental support of the Department of Homeland Security and other lead federal agencies. The JCCSE will rely primarily on an Army Enterprise Network upgraded to the GIG-BE as well as the Air Guard Network for IT backbone services, and will develop an enterprise-wide wireless, local area net to be interoperable with local responder systems and the SAFECOM program