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Unit 8: Appetite. Stylistic features Exposition through definition Comparison & contrast Metaphorical language . About the author Laurie Lee   (1914-1997). British novelist and poet

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unit 8 appetite
Unit 8: Appetite

Stylistic features

  • Exposition through definition
  • Comparison & contrast
  • Metaphorical language
about the author laurie lee 1914 1997
About the author Laurie Lee  (1914-1997)

Britishnovelist and poet

  • Laurie Lee was born in the village of Slad, near Stroud, Gloucestershire. Before he became famous with Cider with Rosie(1959), the first volume of his autobiography, Lee had been known mainly for his poetry and had worked as a scriptwriter for documentaries.
about the author
About the author
  • Abandoned by his father when he was three, Lee was educated at the local village school and at Stroud, leaving when he was fifteen. In 1934, he went to London to seek his fortune and then continued on to Spain. There he traveled on foot, playing his fiddle to earn his keep, before being caught up later in the Spanish Civil War. These youthful adventures provided the material for his celebrated autobiographical trilogy. Returning to London, he worked for the Ministry of Information during World War Two.
about the author1
About the author
  • Lee's poems are generally about the English countryside and proved only reasonably successful. Cider with Rosie, on the other hand, was an immediate best-seller, reaching a wide public with its images of village life from a bygone era of innocence and simplicity. Its success was such that Lee could buy his childhood home, where he died. He was buried in the local churchyard. His other noted works are As I Walked Out One Midsummer Morning (1969) and I Can't Stay Long (1975).
about the author2
About the author

Comments on Laurie Lee:

  • “he was a legend in his own lifetime. An immensely gentle and kind man, with a great sense of humour and a tremendous appreciation of beauty, his works are read, enjoyed and admired the world over.”

    “But the horse was king, and almost everything grew around him ...This was what we were born to, and all we knew at first. Then, to the scream of the horse, the change began. The brass-lamped motor-car came coughing up the road.”

-- Cider With Rosie, "Last Days"

slide7
Oscar Wilde

(1854-1900)

slide8
Oscar Wilde (1854-1900), Irish-born writer and wit, who was the chief proponent of the aesthetic movement, based on the principle of art for art’s sake. Wilde was a novelist, playwright, poet, and critic.

quick facts

  • Birth October 16, 1854
  • Death November 30, 1900
  • Place of Birth Dublin, Ireland
  • Known for witty, often paradoxical, sayings that lampoon the social mores and behavior of the English upper classes of his time
oscar wilde bio notes
Oscar Wilde (Bio-notes)

1878: Graduated from the University of Oxford with a degree in Classics

1881: Published Poems, a collection of poetry

January - October 1882 :Lectured on English aestheticism in the United States and Canada

1891:Published his only novel, The Picture of Dorian Gray, which portrayed the moral decay of its title character

February 1895:The Importance of Being Earnest, the last and most popular of his comedies, was produced in London.

May 1895 : Convicted of homosexual acts following three sensationalized trials, and received a sentence of two years' hard labor

1897:Released from prison, financially bankrupt and spiritually downcast. He spent the rest of his life in Paris, publishing only the poem The Ballad of Reading Goal (1898).

November 30, 1900: Died a pauper of meningitis (脑膜炎) in Paris, converted to Roman Catholicism before his death.

slide10
Quotations from Oscar Wilde
  • Always forgive your enemies; nothing annoys them so much.
  • Fashion is a form of ugliness so intolerable that we have to alter it every six months.
  • I was working on the proof of one of my poems all the morning, and took out a comma. In the afternoon I put it back again.
  • Illusion is the first of all pleasures.
  • Most people are other people. Their thoughts are someone else's opinions, their lives a mimicry, their passions a quotation.
  • Anybody can sympathize with the sufferings of a friend, but it requires a very fine nature to sympathize with a friend's success.
  • Art never expresses anything but itself.
on appetite
On appetite
  • Subdue your appetites my dears, and you've conquered human nature.

-Charles Dickens (1812 - 1870)

  • ORSINO If music be the food of love, play on,

Give me excess of it, that, surfeiting,

The appetite may sicken and so die.

假如音乐是爱情的粮食,那么奏下去吧;

尽量地奏下去,好让爱情 因过饱噎塞而死

-William Shakespeare (1564 - 1616)

Twelfth Night, Act 1, Scene 1

definition
Definition
  • A common formula of definition

thing to be defined + verb + class word + characteristics

formal definition
Formal definition
  • A school is an institution where children are educated.
  • Steel is an alloy that is produced from iron and carbon.
  • An encyclopedia is a book that gives information on subjects in alphabetical order.
  • An engineer is a person who designs machines, building or public works.
extended definitions
Extended definitions

(for abstract, controversial, ambiguous concepts/notions )

Sociology is a branch of science which studies the development and principles of social organization. It is concerned with group behavior as distinct from the behavior of individuals in the group.

ways to extend definition
Ways to extend definition
  • Give descriptive details
  • Exemplify and narrate, i.e. give examples of instances in which the definition would be appropriate.
  • Compare; or contrast; e.g.

-- What is an egoist? An egoist is like a miser, keeping love and admiration, instead of money, all for himself.. Both the egoist and the miser are lonely, insecure and neurotic.

no as negation
“No” as negation
  • - Are you sure you don’t want anything?

- Yes. I’m sure.

  • - Don’t you want anything?

- No. thanks.

你今晚不来吧?

-是的,我不来。

- 不, 我要来的。

no in negation
“No” in negation

Compare :

  • -- Are you sure you don’t want anything?
  • - Yes, I’m sure.