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DISEASES OF THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM. CHAPTER 21. Anatomy Review. Upper Respiratory Tract (URT) Lower Respiratory Tract (LRT). Anatomy Review. Ears. URT Bacterial Diseases. Streptococcal Pharyngitis - strep throat. Streptococcus pyogenes. URT Bacterial Diseases. Laryngitis/Epiglottitis

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DISEASES OF THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM


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    1. DISEASES OF THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM CHAPTER 21

    2. Anatomy Review • Upper Respiratory Tract (URT) • Lower Respiratory Tract (LRT)

    3. Anatomy Review • Ears

    4. URT Bacterial Diseases • Streptococcal Pharyngitis - strep throat Streptococcus pyogenes

    5. URT Bacterial Diseases • Laryngitis/Epiglottitis • Haemophilus influenzae • Steptococcus pneumoniae • Sinusitis • above + Moraxella catarhallis and Staphyloccus aureus Rapid strep test

    6. URT Bacterial Diseases (cont.) • Bronchitis • Diphtheria pseudomembrane

    7. Bacterial Ear Infections Pseudomonads

    8. URT Viral Diseases • Common Cold rhinovirus, a type of picornavirus • Parainfluenza (Croup) -Second major cause in juvenile respiratory LRT disease

    9. LRT Bacterial Diseases • Whooping Cough Bordatella pertussis

    10. Bacterial Pneumonia • Classic • Streptococcus pneumoniae • Klebsiella pneumoniae • Mycoplasma Walking pneumonia

    11. Legionnaire’s Disease • Legionella pneumophila

    12. Tuberculosis • Mycobacterium tuberculosis

    13. Influenza LRT Viral Diseases — Influenza

    14. Influenzavirus Structrue

    15. Coronavirus positive-strand, enveloped RNA viruses that are important pathogens of mammals and birds SARS severe acute respiratory syndrome

    16. RSV- Human respiratory syncytial virus common in infants, particularly preemies Paramyxoviridae (RNA) by 2-3 almost all have had it. Hantavirus -Bunyaviridae (-ssRNA) inhaled rodent feces. Hemorragic LRT Viral Diseases