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Cortès and the Conquest of Mexico . Who were the Conquistadores?. Most had experience in the Caribbean Most were lower middle class, a small # were “hidalgos” All expected wealth, land, Indian slaves, & political positions Most died in Mesoamerica & South America. Cortès & the Maya.

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who were the conquistadores
Who were the Conquistadores?
  • Most had experience in the Caribbean
  • Most were lower middle class, a small # were “hidalgos”
  • All expected wealth, land, Indian slaves, & political positions
  • Most died in Mesoamerica & South America
cort s the maya
Cortès & the Maya
  • First encounter in the Yucatan in 1519
  • 1,500 Yucatan Maya died, 37 Spaniards died
  • Geronimo de Aguilar, shipwrecked for 8 years
who was malinche
Who was Malinche?
  • Malintzìn, Doña Marina, Malinche
  • Given to Cortès as a slave in 1519
  • Spoke Nahuatl, Maya, & Spanish
  • Died in 1520s
quetzalcoatl
Quetzalcoatl
  • “The Feathered Serpent”
  • Tall, bearded, white god who was going to return
reasons for the fall of the aztecs
Reasons for the Fall of the Aztecs
  • Disease: Smallpox, typhoid, cholera, malaria, influenza
  • Technology & Weaponry
  • Native Allies angry with the Aztecs
religion colonization
Religion & Colonization
  • Aztec temples destroyed
  • Franciscan, Dominican, Augustinian Friars in charge of conversion to Catholicism