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Understanding Toddlers. Who is a toddler?. A child between the ages of 1 and 3 years old. Before the age of one they are considered an infant. When they hit 3 years old they are considered Preschool age. Physical Development.

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who is a toddler
Who is a toddler?
  • A child between the ages of 1 and 3 years old.
  • Before the age of one they are considered an infant.
  • When they hit 3 years old they

are considered

Preschool age.

physical development
Physical Development
  • After infancy, growth in height and weight slows.
  • Appetites decrease
  • Gain lots of teeth!
  • Body proportions

gradually change. Infants have large heads in proportion to their bodies---this becomes more of a natural proportion.

physical development1
Physical Development
  • Gross motor skills: skills that use large muscles (back , legs, shoulders, arms, etc)
  • Climbing and walking is mastered
  • Begin to push themselves on wheeled toys then pedal by end of their second year.
physical development2
Physical Development
  • Fine motor skills: skills that require use of small muscles (fingers, wrists, ankles, etc.)
  • Improved hand eye coordination
  • Stack blocks, string beads, simple puzzles, turn pages of a book, scribble with crayons, turn doorknobs, feed themselves.
physical development3
Physical Development
  • Toilet Training
    • Children around the age of two are physically and intellectually ready to begin toilet training.
    • Girls tend to master the skill earlier than boys.
intellectual development
Intellectual Development
  • Ask “Why”
  • Discover their world by satisfying their curiosity.
  • Use trial and error, repetition, and imitation
  • Increased attention span
  • Increased memory
intellectual development1
Intellectual Development
  • Remember Piaget’s first period of intellectual development was the sensorimotor period (ages birth-2)
  • Piaget’s second period of intellectual development– Preoperational Period
    • Covers ages 2-7
    • A period when children start to think symbolically and imaginatively. They rely less on motor abilities and more on thinking to direct behavior.
      • Examples: Make believe play, inventing and creating
intellectual development2
Intellectual Development
  • Language
    • Start by answering yes and no, pointing, and following simple commands.
    • By two years old they have a growing vocabulary of 50 to 300 words. Can name familiar objects.
intellectual development3
Intellectual Development

Children try to understand new information 2 ways:

Assimilation: children take in new information and try to make it fit with what they currently know and understand. (example: thinking a black and white spotted dog is a cow)

Accommodation: children change their thinking to make new information fit. (learning the difference between a dog and a cow)

emotional development
Emotional Development
  • Still learning control
  • Prone to impulsiveness and quick mood swings
  • Develop a sense of independence
  • Develop fears (spiders, water, etc.)
  • Sense of security continues as a primary emotional need for toddlers.
social development
Social Development
  • PLAY is how they are learn.

Solitary Play: Playing alone (1-2 years old)

Parallel Play: Playing alone but next to another child. (2-3 years old)

  • Begin to learn social rules
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