Escalating International Tensions.
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From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic an "iron curtain" has descended across the Continent. Behind that line lie all the capitals of the ancient states of Central and Eastern Europe. Warsaw, Berlin, Prague, Vienna, Budapest, Belgrade, Bucharest and Sofia; all these famous cities and the populations around them lie in what I must call the Soviet sphere, and all are subject, in one form or another, not only to Soviet influence but to a very high and in some cases increasing measure of control from Moscow.
1957 The Soviet Union launches Sputnik, the first artificial Earth satellite. "Sputnik" is the Russian word for "Traveler."1958
Espionage: -both sides tried to gain as much information about each other as possible
10. Rock bug
9. Microphone in an olive
8. Wallet document camera
7. Hollowed-out lighter
6. Cigarette-case gun
5. Exploding rats
4. Exploding briefcase
3. Compass buttons
2. Dart gun
1. Poison-tipped umbrella gun
In 1949, the Soviet Union tested their first Atomic Bomb.
The Soviet Union knew that it was behind in its technology and immediately increased production.
iii. Nuclear Arms Race was underway
By 1953, both sides had developed H-bombs which were more powerful. Each side felt that if they were too weak, the other side would attack.
First Strike Capability: The ability to launch a nuclear attack on your enemy, but they do not have the capacity to attack back
Mutually Assured Destruction (MAD): an unwinnable situation, where both countries would destroy one another.