Vitamins Water Soluble Fat Soluble
Vitamins • Vitamins are found in nearly all foods in the food pyramid. • They do not produce energy, but they are essential because they regulate body chemistry and body functions.
Vitamin • A vitamin is an organic compound required as a nutrient in tiny amounts by an organism. • A compound is called a vitamin when it cannot be synthesized in sufficient quantities by an organism, and must be obtained from the diet.
Vitamin Groups • Fat soluble vitamins are carried and stored in fat. • ADEK • Water soluble vitamins dissolve in water. • BC
Vitamins • To many vitamins can be damaging to your health—toxic. • Usually toxicities occur when to many vitamin supplements are consumed.
Fat-Soluble Vitamins • Vitamin A (Retinol) • Sources--Asparagus, broccoli, butternut squash, spinach, carrots, pumpkins, water squash, cantaloupe, apricots, liver, fish, shrimp, milk, butter, eggs yolk, cheese, cod-liver oil,
Deficiency SymptomsVitamin A • Acne, allergies, anorexia, insomnia, impaired growth, poor night vision, damage to cornea, *dry, rough or cracked skin * Susceptibility to sinus infection * hearing, taste, smell and nerve damage * growth stoppage * reduced sweat gland function*kidney stones
What it does for youVitamin A • An antioxidant – prevents skin disorders such as wrinkling, acne, age spots. Protects the lining of the digestive, respiratory, and urinary tracts. Promotes normal growth, function and protection of skin, eyes and mucous membranes, helps with night vision.
Fat Soluble Vitamins • Vitamin D (Calciferol) • Sources-- Exposure to sunshine, liver, oily fish, fortified milk, butter, egg yolks, mushrooms
Deficiency Symptoms Vitamin D • Rickets in children (bent and bowed legs, weak muscles, late tooth development) * Osteomalacia in adults, results from softening of bones, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea or constipation, excessive thirst
What it does for you Vitamin D • For healthy teeth and bones* absorbs and maintains calcium and phosphorous in the blood * helps heart action, kidneys, nervous system maintenance, skin respiration, and thyroid gland
Fat Soluble Vitamins • E (Tocopherole) • Sources--Green leafy vegetables, wheat germ, cabbage, plant/vegetable oils, margarine, sunflower seeds, nuts
Deficiency SymptomsVitamin E • Rare symptoms (e.g., anemia, fluid in arms and legs – edema)
What it does for you Vitamin E • An antioxidant, helps form blood cells. Protects LDL and cell membranes from oxidative damage. Keeps DNA healthy, supports good cardiovascular health and strong immune system in elderly
Fat Soluble Vitamins • K (Phyllochinone) • Sources--Liver, spinach, broccoli, milk, oats, cheddar cheese, cabbage, cauliflower, cereals``
Deficiency Symptoms Vitamin K • Rare except in newborns, causes hemorrhage • What it does for you--Helps blood to clot
Water Soluble Vitamins • Vitamin C • Sources-- Broccoli, brussel sprouts, rose hips, spinach, green peppers, citrus fruit
Deficiency SymptomsVitamin C • Severe: loss of strength (scurvy), purple spots on skin, rotting gums, loss of teeth Moderate: shortness of breath, bleeding gums, easy bruising, painful joints, nosebleeds, anemia, susceptibility to infection, slow wound healing
What it does for youVitamin C • An antioxidant-protects against pollution, helps prevent cancer, and enhances immunity. Helps adrenal glands, blood, bones, capillary walls, cells, connective tissue, skin/ ligaments/ bones/ gums, heart, mucous membranes, nervous system, teeth
Water Soluble • B1(Thiamin) • Sources--Pork, seeds, nuts, fortified bread, cereals, yeast extract. • Deficiency symptoms--brain deterioration, decreased memory, depression, emotional agitation and deterioration, decreased vision, inflammation of the optic nerve, tingling or burning of feet, decreased sense of touch, fatigue
What it does for youVitamin B1 • Needed for muscles and nervous system to function; aids digestion, promotes a normal appetite; helps fight off motion sickness; keeps the nervous system, muscles and heart functioning normally; improves mental attitude
Water Soluble • Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) • Sources--Milk, yogurt, meat, nuts, green leafy vegetables, whole grains, lentils
Deficiency Symptoms B2 • swelling and fissuring of the lips, ulceration and cracking of the angles of the mouth, inflammation of the tongue, red, itchy eyes that are sensitive to light
What it does for youB2 • Aids hormone production, keeps eyes, skin and nerves healthy
Water Soluble • B3 (Niacin) • Sources--Meats, fish, whole grains, nuts
Deficiency Symptoms B3 • failing vision, hypersensitivity to light, skin inflammations, bad breath, tender gums, mouth sores, diarrhea, ulcers, nausea, decreased appetite, fatigue, nervousness, emotional instability, depression, irritability,
What it does for youB3 • Needed for production of some hormones; forms red blood cells; converts food to energy, manufactures cortisone, thyroxine, insulin
Water Soluble Vitamins • B9 (Folic Acid) • Sources-- Fortified cereals, dark green leafy vegetables, fruits, yeast extracts, fortified bread
Deficiency SymptomsB9 • Irritability or Depression, Birth Defects and Miscarriage, some cancers, diarrhea and loss of appetite • What it does for you--Helps from new cells; maintenance of nervous system. • You need folic acid when you're pregnant.
Water Soluble • B6 (Pyridoxin) • Sources--Chicken, fish, eggs, brown rice, bananas, whole grains.
Deficiency Symptoms B6 • Irritability, nervousness and insomnia as well as general weakness, skin changes such as dermatitis and acne; asthma and allergies might develop. • What it does for you-- Helps formation of red blood cells and making of proteins; fights infection
Water Soluble Vitamins • B12 (Cobalamin) • Sources--Meat, fish, cheese, eggs,milk • Deficiency Symptoms— • Weakness • Fatigue • Palpitations • Dizziness
What it does for youB12 • Helps formation of red blood cells; maintenance of nervous system.