Thursday 1/3. WOTD : accolade: n: any honor, award or expression of approval. Bellringer: What is mitosis (in your own words). Vocabulary : DNA. WOTD : hyperbole : n: a figure of speech in which one says more than one means, overstating and exaggerating. Friday 1/4. Bellringer:
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WOTD: accolade: n: any honor, award or expression of approval
What is mitosis (in your own words)
WOTD: hyperbole: n: a figure of speech in which one says more than one means, overstating and exaggerating
How many daughter cells are made in mitosis? Meiosis?
Vocabulary: DNA-molecule that stores genetic info in ALL organisms!
WOTD: : adj: jejune- devoid of significance or interest; dull
List 3 differences between DNA & RNA
Vocabulary: RNA: nucleic acid molecule that allows for the transmission of genetic info & protein synthesis
WOTD: corpulent: adj: excessively bulky; fat
Bellringer: When does DNA replication occur in Meiosis?
V: Homologous chromosomes: chromosomes containing same information (one from mom, one from dad!)
WOTD: corpus: n:a body or collection of writings.
Bellringer: Describe what happens in EACH phase of Meoisis (I & II)
V: Crossing over occurs when tetrads forms & genetic information is exchanged
WOTD: concordance: n: a state of agreement; HARMONY
Bellringer: DNA is made up of a monomer called _______. Which includes 3 parts which are:
V: Gametogenesis: formation of gametes by the process of meiosis
WOTD: Kowtow: v: to show attentive deference; FAWN
Bellringer: If your strand of DNA is ACGTGCCATAAG, what is the complementary mRNA sequence?
V: Frameshift mutation: single base is added or deleted from DNA
Bellringer: What are the steps to DNA replication?
V: Somatic cell-body cells/make up most of your body tissues and organs
WOTD:dossier: n: a set of documents containing info about a person or event.
Bellringer: Describe the steps to protein synthesis.
V: transcription- process of copying a nucleotide sequence of DNA to from a complementary strand of mRNA.
WOTD: lugubrious: adj: mournfus, dismal
Bellringer: What is the building block of protein and what kind of bond holds them together?
V:translation: process by which mRNA is decoded and a protein is produced.
WOTD: perdition :n: eternal damnation
Bellringer: How do ribosomes know when to begin and end
translating an mRNA strand?
V:transfer RNA(tRNA)-brings amino acids from the cytoplasm to the ribosome to help make a growing protein chain
WOTD: moiety :n;
Bellringer: Summarize Mendel’s Law of Segregation:
V: trait: a distinguishing characteristic that is inherited such as eye color, leaf shape, etc.
WOTD: enervate :v:
To deprive of strength; TO WEAKEN
Bellringer: Why did Mendel use pea plants in his experiments?
V: allele: the different versions of a trait, blue, green, and hazel eyes.
WOTD: sanguine :adj:
Bellringer: Describe the difference between heterozygous and homozygous alleles.
V: hereditary: passed from one generation to the next
WOTD: nanotechnology :n:
Science on an atomic or molecular scale
Bellringer: What is the difference between true breeding and hybrid?
V: heterozygous having two different alleles (one dominant, one recessive)
WOTD: assiduous :adj:
Unceasingly attentive; devoted
Bellringer: What goes on the outside of a punnett square? The inside?
V: dihybrid cross- examines the inheritance of 2 different traits.
WOTD: dissident :adj:
Dissenting; differing; DISAGREEING
Bellringer: do a test cross for a Homozygous recessive mom with a heterozygous dad, what is the phenotype ratio of curly (C) to striaght hair? (c)
WOTD: paradox :n:
A seemingly contradictory or absurd statement that is actually well-founded
Bellringer: Describe Mendel’s 3 laws?
V: incomplete dominance
neither allele is dominant to the other, both are expressed equally, often a blending of the two traits occurs
WOTD: supersede :v:
To take the place of; TO REPLACE
Bellringer: What are all of the possible genotypes for blood?
two or more alleles are expressed at the same time, both are expressed in patches on the organism
WOTD: nihilism :n:
Idea that existence is senseless and useless
Bellringer: Describe why sex-linked traits have a unique inheritance pattern.
V:sex linked traits-traits that are found on either the x or y chromosome.
WOTD: manacle :n: a device for confining the hands; HANDCUFFS
Bellringer: Why is a karyotype important?
V:non-disjunction: failure of chromosomes to separate during meiosis.
WOTD: mandate :n: a formal order from a higher court; an authoritative command, order, or injunction
Bellringer: what are some common sex linked disorders?
V:multiple alleles refer to a trait (one gene) which is coded for by more than two alleles.
WOTD: nonsectarian :adj: not affiliated with a particular religious group
Bellringer: What does gel electrophoresis do to DNA?
V:restriction enzymes: enzymes that cut DNA molecules at specific nucleotide sequences
WOTD: dexterity :n: skill in the use of the hands or body; ADROITNESS
Bellringer: If a man with blood type A and a womna with blood type B oroduce an offspring, what are the possible blood types for the offspring?
V:polygenic Traits that are controlled by many genes
WOTD: notarize :v: to show that a document is authentic
Bellringer: It what ways is genetic engineering useful to you?
V:restriction enzymes-used to cut fragments of DNA
WOTD: rapacious :adj: excessively grasping or greedy
Bellringer: How are animals genetically engineered?
V: autosomes-all non-sex chromosomes (humans have 44)
WOTD: obsequious :adj: marked by a fawning attentiveness
WOTD: surreptitious :adj: done secretly, without approval
WOTD: complicity :n: participation with another in an act that is or seems to be deceitful
Bellringer: what have you heard about evolution?
V:Evolution- the process of biological change by which descendants come to differ from their ancestors.
WOTD: duplicity :n: deceitfulness in speech or conduct; double-dealing
WOTD: theme :n: a focal idea that controls the place of writing and provides its central insight
Bellringer: What are the steps to Natural Selection?
V:radiometric dating: technique that uses the natural decay rate of isotopes to calculate the age of material.,
WOTD: orthography :v: HANDWRITING
Bellringer: In what era and period are we currently in?
V:fossil: traces of plants/animals from the past. Found in sedimentary rocks.
WOTD: supplicate :v: to ask humbly or earnestly for, as in praying; TO BESEECH
Bellringer: What are at least 5 pieces of evidence for evolution?
V:homologous structure-structural features with a common origin.
WOTD: oxydize :v: to combine with oxygen
Bellringer: difference between homologous and analagous?
V: antibiotic resistance- process by which bacteria mutate so they are no longer affected by medicine.
WOTD: paradigm :n: outstandingly clear example; ARCHETYPE; EXAMPLE
Bellringer: What is difference between mimicry & camoflauge?
WOTD: reprisal :n: an action or act of retaliation against someone for injuries received
Bellringer: What are the mechanisms for change in a population?
WOTD: expedite :v: to help or hurry the progress of something
Bellringer: What are the 3 types of selection- by Dominique Kinsey
WOTD: impede :v: to block the way of; TO HINDER
Bellringer: What leads to a new species?
V: convergent evolution- different species develop the same traits.
WOTD: pecuniary :adj: relating to money; FISCAL
WOTD: alliteration :n: the repetition of initial consonant sounds
Bellringer: What is the order of Darwin’s Natural Selection?
V: population-group of the same species living in an area.
WOTD: precipitous :adj: very sleep or perpendicular
WOTD: quotidian :adj: occuring everyday, DAILY
WOTD: recapitulate :v: SUMMARIZE
WOTD: recalcitrant :adj: stubbornly resistant to authority or guidance
WOTD: interstice :n: intervening space ; a chink; a crevice
WOTD: anaphora :n: a rhetorical device of repeating the same word or words at the start of two or more lines of poetry
WOTD: restitution :n: restoration of a thing to its proper owner or its original state
WOTD: restive :adj: uneasy; RESTLESS
WOTD: reparation :n: the act of making amends