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The Korean War PowerPoint Presentation
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The Korean War

The Korean War

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The Korean War

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  1. The Korean War

  2. Chinese Civil War (Pre & Post WWII) • Chiang Kai-Shek: leader of Chinese Nationalists • Supported by US • Mao Zedong: leader of Chinese Communists • Supported by Soviets • During WWII: formed alliance to fight Japan • WWII: civil war continues • Communists win • Chiang Kai-Shek flees to Taiwan • China renamed The People’s Republic of China

  3. North and South Korea • Korea under Japanese control during WWII • Divided along the 38th parallel after WWII • North Korea: Communist • South Korea: Noncommunist

  4. Start of Korean War: June 1950 • North Korean troops invade South Korea • Armed with Soviet equipment • North Korean forces take over much of South Korea • US & United Nations forces halt North Korean advance

  5. Invasion of South Korea

  6. US & UN Fight Back • MacArthur: commander of US forces • Invades Inchon • Successfully pushes N. Korean troops back to Chinese border • China enters the war • Sends troops to aid N. Korea • Pushes UN troops back to 37th parallel

  7. MacArthur’s Attack

  8. Chinese Counterattack

  9. US Dilemma • MacArthur: wanted to invade China • Truman: favored limited war • Not putting all resources towards war • MacArthur will be removed from position • Criticizes Truman

  10. Cease-fire: July 1953 • UN forces secure position at 38th parallel • Stalemate occurs • 1953: cease-fire agreed • No clear winner of Korean War • Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO) created