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That ‘70s Thing. “Stagflation” and the Carter Administration. What is “Stagflation”?. Rapidly rising prices Rising unemployment low or nonexistent economic growth. Feverish Prices. Up by more than 10% in 1974 Over 13% by 1979. Consumer Price Index 1967-1995. Employment.

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That 70s thing

That ‘70s Thing

“Stagflation” and the

Carter Administration


What is stagflation
What is “Stagflation”?

  • Rapidly rising prices

  • Rising unemployment

  • low or nonexistent economic growth


Feverish prices
Feverish Prices

  • Up by more than 10% in 1974

  • Over 13% by 1979



Employment
Employment

  • NLRB rulings favored management--Unions lost power

  • more families depended on two wage earners to make ends meet


Employment cont
Employment, cont.

  • More than 1/2 of all married women worked outside the home

  • almost 60% of women with school age children were in the labor force


It s the economy

Rising energy prices

1/3 of crude oil imported

gasoline prices doubled

US standard of living dropped to 5th in the world

Productivity fell

unfavorable balance of trade

It’s the Economy …


Economy cont
Economy, cont.

  • GNP more dependent on foreign trade

  • federal budget deficit reached $60 billion by 1980

  • interest rates skyrocketed


Economy cont1
Economy, cont.

  • By 1995 it took nearly $5 to buy what $1 would buy in 1967


Gasoline energy
Gasoline & Energy

  • Crisis forced by OPEC

  • limits on purchases

  • Arabs blamed


Energy cont
Energy, cont.

  • Natural Gas shortage

  • Carter calls it the “moral equivalent of war”

  • Dept. of Energy formed 1977



Gerald Ford became the first President never to be elected as either President or Vice President.

On September 8, 1974 Ford issued a pardon for Nixon.


In September he gave amnesty to Vietnam draft resisters - they had to give two years of public service.


In early 1975 they had to give two years of public service.H.R. Haldeman, John Ehrlichman & John Dean were convicted of crimes related to the Watergate affair.


Because of Watergate, Congress had a period of renewed power and Ford had very little power as he approached the 1976 election.


Ford barely got the Republican nomination over Ronald Reagan and he named Bob Dole as his VP candidate.


The Democrats nominated Jimmy Carter who was the Governor of Georgia and his VP candidate was Walter Mondale.

Carter won the election 297 - 240 electoral votes.


He became the 1st President to be elected from the south since Zachary Taylor in 1848.

Carter did not have much power because of Watergate.


Carter administration
Carter Administration since Zachary Taylor in 1848.

  • Elected in a wave of apathy

  • Washington outsider

  • no clear political vision


Domestic problems
Domestic Problems since Zachary Taylor in 1848.

  • 12% of population in poverty

  • widening gap between rich & poor

  • haves & have nots sharply defined by race



The Supreme Court heard the Bakke v. U.C. case (against Affirmative Action) and ruled that the use of racial quotas was reverse discrimination.


Jerry Falwell founded the moral majority as the nation shifted to a more conservative agenda.

In May 1980 Mount St. Helens erupted in Washington.



Foreign issues
Foreign Issues taxes.

  • In Guyana, Jim Jones persuaded 911 people to kill themselves in the “Jonestown Massacre”.

    • They drank kool-aid laced with cyanide


Carter signed the Panama Canal Treaty which would return the canal zone back to Panama in the year 2000.


  • Camp David Accords canal zone back to Panama in the year 2000.

    • agreement between Israel & Egypt

    • Carter negotiated

    • Sadat & Begen won Nobel Peace Prize


Foreign issues cont
Foreign Issues, cont. canal zone back to Panama in the year 2000.

  • Latin American problems in Nicaragua & El Salvador

  • Apartheid problems in Africa

  • Soviet invasion of Afghanistan

  • Boycott of the 1980 Olympics


Iran Hostage Crisis canal zone back to Panama in the year 2000.

The Shah of Iran left the country in bad health and revolutionaries took over taking 65 American hostages.




Carter ended diplomatic relations with Iran in 1980 and then approved a rescue mission to free the hostages.


Two helicopters used in the rescue collided and crashed so the mission was aborted, without success.

The hostages were held until January 20, 1981.

444 days.


Hostage summary
Hostage Summary the mission was aborted, without success.

  • Economic sanctions produced no result

  • an attempted desert rescue failed

  • negotiations dragged on during election campaign

  • Final release on inauguration day of Ronald Reagan


The end
The end the mission was aborted, without success.


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