bilateral symmetry • segmented bodies • paired, jointed appendages • exoskeleton Scutigera coleoptrata- House centipede, yellowish grey w/ 15 pairs of long legs. Kingdom Animalia Phylum Arthropoda Hexapoda Class Arachnida Chilopoda Malacostraca • crustacean • 4 pairs of legs • 3 pairs of legs • 3 body segments • 1 pair of antennae • numerous body segments, 1 pair of legs per segment Order Araneae = spider Isopoda Coleoptera = beetle • 7 pairs of legs Acari = mite, tick Scolopendra sp Carabidae = wet environments; have lobes at base of 3rd set of legs Tenebrionidae = dry environments; no lobes at base of 3rd set of legs Armadilliidae Porcellionidae Elateridae, Scarabaeidae,Curculionidae Family Genus Calosoma scrutator, Calathus opaculus Blapstinus fortis, Eleodes suturalis Armadillidium vulgare = roly poly or pill bug Porcellio laevis = sow bug Species Arm. vul. Por. lae.
Arthropoda Phylum Suborder Oribatei Class Arachnida Acari = mite, tick, flea Tiny!!! Order Araneae = spider Pseudoscorpionida = pseudoscorpion Solpugidae = wind scorpion Family Agelinidae = funnel weaver spider – spinnerets at end of abdomen Lycosidae = wolf spider - big eyes, 3 pairs of eyes in a row Dysderidae Dysdera crocata = pill bug spider Genus Species Thelyphonida = whip scorpion or vinegaroon Class Diplopoda = milliipede Tiny!!! Order Polyxenida
Psocoptera = booklice, tiny Thysanura Lepismatidae = silverfish larva Arthropoda Phylum Mantodea= praying mantis Class Hexapoda Order Diptera = fly/ mosquito Collembola = springtail Lepidoptera = moth, butterfly Hemiptera = true bug (sucking mouth part) Dermaptera= earwig (2 wings, no stinger, antennae are small/tiny) Noctuidae = moth Family Neuroptera Myrmeleontidae = antlion Order Orthoptera = cricket, grasshopper, cockroach Family Rhaphidophoridae Stenopulmatidae Gryllidae Blattidae = cockroach = field cricket Ceuthophilus sp. Stenopulmatus fuscus = Jerusalem cricket Genus camel cricket Species
Chrysomelidae = leaf beetle Heterosilpha ramosa Chrysomela scripta larva adult Arthropoda Phylum Class Hexapoda Order Coleoptera = beetle Scarabaeidae = dung beetle Histeridae small, round Family Staphylinidae = rove beetle Curculionidae = snout beetle Elateridae = click beetles Silphidae Dermestidae larva Coccinellidae = ladybird beetle Anthicidae –ant-like; sometimes shield, head down
Poecilus chalcites Blapstinus fortis Calathus opaculus – claws are serrated Eleodes suturalis Blapstinus pimalis - smaller Galerita janus Calosoma scrutator Phylum Arthropoda Class Hexapoda Order Coleoptera = beetle Family Carabidae – USE VOUCHER COLLECTION! Have trochanter (lobes at base of 3rd set of legs); 5-5-5 for tarsal segments Tenebrionidae – USE VOUCHER COLLECTION! No trochanter; 5-5-4 for tarsal segments Genus Species Areoschizus decipiens - tiny
Tapinoma sessile can’t see node Ecitoninae – Neivamyrmex sp. eyes extremely small or absent Dorymyrmex sp. Ponerinae – Amblyopone sp. BEST TO USE BOOKS AND KEYS Phylum Arthropoda Class Hexapoda Order Hymenoptera = ants, bees, wasps Dolichoderinae= one node, no anal tuft Family Formicidae = ants Subfamily Formicinae= one node, anal tuft Camponotus sp. – rather large ants, various colors, “large” distance between nasal ridge and beginning of antennae Formica sp. – 3 ocelli (dots) on top of head obvious Lasius sp. – max. palps 6 segments
Pogonomyrmex sp – also with black abdomen Monomorium sp. – tiny, black, shiny, no spines Crematogaster cerasi BEST TO USE BOOKS AND KEYS Phylum Arthropoda Class Hexapoda Order Hymenoptera = ants, bees, wasps Family Formicidae = ants Mutillidae = velvet ants Subfamily Myrmicinae= two nodes Leptothorax sp.- small, red, 2 thorax spines, smooth, flat thorax, small Pogo. Tetramorium sp.- black, tiny with spines, similar to Mono. sp.; often hairy (setose) Solenopsis sp. – tiny, pale, scape not past head, indented thorax Pheidole sp. – major has large head (L), minor has scape that extends beyond length of head (R)