Plants vs. Animal Cells Mr. Ellis
Do Now • What do you think is the most important organelle? Why, please explain your answer using science!
All Cells • All cells have three basic components: Cell Membrane, Nucleus, Cytoplasm. • Animal Cells have similarities to plant cells, but are different in a few ways. • Let’s look:
Plant Cells • Plant cells are different from animal cells. • Plant cells contain many of the same organelles you would find in an animal cell with the exception of a few key players • (1)Cell Walls and (2)Chloroplasts are found in plant cells and not animal cells.
Cell Wall • Cell Walls are only found in plant cells. • Cell walls a rigid structures made of cellulose (basically wood). • Cell Walls perform the following: • Protect the Cells • Give the Cells a Strong Shape • They provide support for the Cells
Chloroplast • Chloroplast is essentially what makes a plant cell a plant cell. • Chloroplasts are filled with chlorophyll. • Chlorophyll creates food from solar energy for the plants, it also give plants their usual green color.
Vacuoles • I know, animal cells have vacuoles, but they’re different between the two different cells.
Plant Vacuoles • Plant Cells have one or two LARGE vacuoles. These vacuoles many hold water for the cells.
Animal Vacuoles • Animal cell vacuoles are numerous, small, and contain water, food, and waste.
Conclusion • All cells have a cell membrane, nucleus, and cytoplasm. • Plant Cells have: Chloroplasts, Cell Walls • Both Plant and Animal cells have vacuoles, however, Plant cells have VERY LARGE vacuoles, while animal cells have many small vacuoles.