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Signals ( The Language of the Game, One Language a Must) & Signaling. Peter Palermino , Bd. 6 Rules Interpreter Thanks to Layne Drexel &Kelly Callahan, Bd.# 11 Delaware. Importance of Signals. Enable us to share one language

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signals the language of the game one language a must signaling

Signals (The Language of the Game, One Language a Must) & Signaling

Peter Palermino, Bd. 6 Rules Interpreter

Thanks to

Layne Drexel &Kelly Callahan,Bd.# 11 Delaware

importance of signals
Importance of Signals
  • Enable us to share one language
  • Provide means of communication with partners, players, coaches, table personnel & fans
  • Demonstrate consistency
  • Reflect a desired level of professionalism
what bad signals say about you
What bad signals say about you
  • Indecisive – may not be sure, trying to convince yourself
  • Trying to sell a bad call
  • Trying to take the emphasis off the players
  • Trying to be the show
  • Don’t know the rules or have a lack of understanding
  • Inexperienced official
  • Lazy, weak
  • Careless – in a rush to take your money and go
what good signals say about you
What good signals say about you
  • Professional
  • Confident
  • Well-trained
  • Experienced (even if you’re not)
  • Decisive
  • Understand the rules of the game
  • Good communicator
  • Leader
what bad signals do to the game
What bad signals do to the game
  • Lead to confusion
  • Cause delays in the contest (players/team unsure of what is next)
  • Set a poor tone for the game and set the stage for problems to occur
  • Increase opportunity to have rulings questioned
what good signals do for the game
What good signals do for the game
  • Help create a flow for the game – let players know what is next
  • Set a tone of professionalism and a level of expectation for behavior by the game participants
  • Decrease opportunity to have rulings questioned
  • Raise level of communication
weaknesses areas needing improvement
Weaknesses/Areas Needing Improvement

A number of areas were identified by IAABO staff throughout the country, including:

  • Lack of signals
  • Improper signals
  • Informal signals
  • Made-up signals
  • Signals that aren’t clear, crisp, sharp, strong and are not at proper angles

Let’s look at some specific weaknesses or areas needing improvement, by signal…

stop clock start clock
Stop Clock/Start Clock

Weaknesses/Areas Needing Improvement:

  • Failing to stop the clock at all, on violations or fouls
  • Using the same arm/hand to administer the throw-in count and start the clock
preliminary at spot of foul
Preliminary at spot of foul

Weaknesses/Areas Needing Improvement:

  • Arm up for foul while doing one handed push or block
  • Failing to indicate a preliminary signal at all
  • Preliminary signal does not match signal given in reporting area
foul signals
Foul Signals

Weaknesses/Areas Needing Improvement:

  • Banging fists on hips
  • Using hit to the head, trip or other unapproved signals
  • Making up one’s own “hit” signal
foul signals reporting
Foul Signals/Reporting

Weaknesses/Areas Needing Improvement:

  • The dramatic technical foul
  • Failing to give proper player control signal
  • Indicating team control signal incorrectly
  • Reporting well outside of the designated foul reporting area
indicating number of free throws properly
Indicating Number of Free Throws Properly

Weaknesses/Areas Needing Improvement:

  • “Rabbit ears” to indicate bonus
  • Giving informal signal used to communicate with partner(s) as formalsignal
  • Failing to indicate number of free throws at all
successful goals no score
Successful Goals/No Score

Weaknesses/Areas Needing Improvement:

  • Counting goal with a fist looking like team control foul instead
  • Jumping around and whistling as some fancy score-goal signal is given
  • Waving arms up high for no goal
  • Waving one arm with fist up indicating no goal

Weaknesses/Areas Needing Improvement:

  • Failure to show visible count
  • One finger or two finger counts
  • Timing off
  • Location of count signal all over the place
designated spot indication
Designated Spot Indication

Weaknesses/Areas Needing Improvement:

  • Failure to indicate designated spot at all
  • Pointing to incorrect spot or picking spot most convenient for official rather than proper spot
  • Designating the spot only to the thrower-in
time outs

Weaknesses/Areas Needing Improvement:

  • Announcing “full” for 60-second time-out
  • Use of thumbs on shoulders to indicate 30
  • 60-sec time-out signal that looks like double foul
  • Failure to count 10 players at conclusion
3 point attempt successful
3-Point Attempt/Successful

Weaknesses/Areas Needing Improvement:

  • Angle of 3-point attempt not proper
  • Successful goal signal given at improper angle
  • Failure to use arm closest to division line to signal attempt
  • Two officials indicating attempt
beckoning substitutes
Beckoning Substitutes

Weaknesses/Areas Needing Improvement:

  • More than one official beckoning
  • One finger wave-in signal or no signal at all
  • Repeated “come here” motion
  • Failing to ensure that the number that came on the court equals number that went off the court
how we can help officials improve
How We Can Help Officials Improve
  • Use the mirror
  • Reward and recognizethose with great signals. –
  • Practice – practice – practice!

When individuals speak different languages, great communication is difficult and one word or pronunciation for something is “technically” impossible.











…but to officials, no matter where we live, speaking the single language of signals, the key to great communication is